Initial eap supervisor training alcohol and drug testing program
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 51

Initial EAP Supervisor Training: Alcohol and Drug Testing Program PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 82 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Initial EAP Supervisor Training: Alcohol and Drug Testing Program. Presented by the MCPS Employee Assistance Program 240-314-1040. November 2010. Please turn off your cell phones. If you need to take a call, please do it outside of this room. Thanks!. Outcomes.

Download Presentation

Initial EAP Supervisor Training: Alcohol and Drug Testing Program

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Initial eap supervisor training alcohol and drug testing program

Initial EAP Supervisor Training: Alcohol and Drug Testing Program

Presented by the

MCPS Employee Assistance Program

240-314-1040

November 2010


Initial eap supervisor training alcohol and drug testing program

Please turn off your cell phones. If you need to take a call, please do it outside of this room. Thanks!


Outcomes

Outcomes

  • Increase familiarity with alcohol and drug testing regulations

  • Become knowledgeable about the affects of alcohol and drugs

  • Know what steps to take when suspicious that an employee might be under the influence


Employee assistance program

Employee Assistance Program

  • Assessment, short-term counseling

    and referral

  • Problem types

  • Cost

  • Eligibility

  • Referrals

  • Confidentiality

  • Other services: crisis response,

    workshops, access point to mediation


Scope of the problem

Scope of the Problem

  • There are more deaths and disabilities each year in the U.S. from substance abuse than from any other cause.

  • About 18 million Americans have alcohol problems; about 5 to 6 million Americans have drug problems.

  • More than half of all adults have a family history of alcoholism or problem drinking.

    (National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence)


Consequences

Consequences

  • 1/4 of all emergency room admissions, 1/3 of all suicides, and more than 1/2 of all homicides and incidents of domestic violence are alcohol-related.

  • Heavy drinking contributes to illness in each of the top three causes of death; heart disease, cancer, and stroke.

  • Almost 1/2 of all traffic fatalities are alcohol related.

    (National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence)


The cost

The Cost

  • Alcohol and drug abuse costs the American economy an estimated $276 billion per year in lost productivity, health care expenditures, crime, motor vehicle crashes, and other conditions.

  • Untreated addiction is more expensive than heart disease, diabetes, and cancer combined.

  • Every American adult pays nearly $1,000 per year for the damages of addiction.

    (National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence)


Substance abusing employees

Substance Abusing Employees

  • 3x more likely to be fired

  • 2x as likely to resign

  • 3.5x more accidents

  • 3x more often absent

  • 5x more likely to file workers compensation claims

    (Department of Labor, 1999)


Alcohol and drug testing regulations

Alcohol and Drug Testing Regulations


Performance of safety sensitive functions is prohibited

Within four hours after using alcohol

While having a breath alcohol concentration of .02 or greater

If in possession of alcohol

If using alcohol

If a driver has used or tested positive

for drugs

Performance of Safety Sensitive Functions is Prohibited:


Post accident testing

Post Accident Testing

  • Personal injury requiring immediate medical attention away from the scene to any occupants of the vehicle, another vehicle or pedestrian

  • Disabling damage to the commercial vehicle or another vehicle (requiring the vehicle to be towed)


Drug and alcohol and the testing rules

Drug and Alcohol and the Testing Rules

Handbook for Supervisors


Alcohol and drug education

Alcohol and Drug Education


Alcohol education

Alcohol Education


Effects of alcohol on driving

Effects of Alcohol on Driving


Approximate bac in grams

Approximate BAC (in grams)

Body Weight

Number of drinks

120180220

1

3

5

10

12

.03.02.02

.09.06.05

.16.11.09

.31.21.17

.40+.29.24


Initial eap supervisor training alcohol and drug testing program

BAC and Impairment

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)


Factors influencing rate at which bac rises

Factors influencing rate at which BAC rises

  • Weight

  • Gender

  • Food

  • Mixer

  • Strength of drink

  • Temperature of drink


Sobering up

Sobering Up

  • Coffee

  • Cold shower

  • Drinking water

  • Time


Vision

Vision

  • Reduced rapid eye movement

  • Longer to adjust to bright/dim

  • Blurred/double vision

  • Vision impaired = distorted perception

  • Poor peripheral vision


Attention

Attention

  • Speedometer

  • Gauges

  • Lights and warning signals

  • Road conditions

  • Traffic

  • Signals and signs

  • People and animals


Initial eap supervisor training alcohol and drug testing program

Attention

  • Stare instead of scan

  • No headlights

  • Overshoot stop sign


Processing

Processing

Vision Awareness

Judgement


Risk taking

Risk Taking

Inhibitions = Showoff / Aggressive


Reaction time slower

Reaction Time Slower

  • Braking time

  • Thinking/reflexes

  • Steering

  • Accelerator to brake

    (BAC .10 = 11% slower)

  • Brake, signal, shift gears, steer

    (BAC .05 = 41% slower)


Questions

Questions?


Drug education

Drug Education


Drug presentations

Drug Presentations

  • Prepare a presentation for the class describing the drug assigned to your group. You can:

    • Make a poster

    • Do a skit

    • Write and present rap/poem/song

    • Perform a puppet show

    • Feel free to be creative


Marijuana

Marijuana

  • Immediate Effects: Reddened eyes; increased heart rate; dry mouth and throat; increased appetite

  • Chronic and Long Term Effects:Impaired short-term memory; altered sense of time; slow reaction time; reduced ability to concentrate; impaired motor skills

  • Effects on Driving:Impaired reaction time; impaired short-term memory; reduced concentration; distorted time and distance sense; lengthened glare recovery and depth perception


Cocaine

Cocaine

  • Immediate Effects:Euphoria,dilated pupils; increase in blood pressure, heart rate, respiration rate and body temperature

  • Chronic and Long Term Effects:Irritability, anxiety and depression; seizure and heart attack; loss of appetite and sleeplessness; hallucinations of touch, sight, taste and/or smell

  • Effects on Driving:Lapses in attention and concentration; aggressive behavior; impaired motor coordination; false sense of alertness and security


Amphetamines

Amphetamines

  • Immediate Effects: Increased heart rate, blood pressure and respiration; dilated pupils; dry mouth

  • Chronic and Long Term Effects:Sweating, headache, blurred vision and dizziness; decreased appetite; sleeplessness and anxiety; depression; psychosis (hallucinations, delusions, or paranoia)

  • Effects on Driving:Overestimation of performance abilities; more accident prone; anxiety; irritability and overreaction; auditory and visual hallucinations


Ecstasy

Ecstasy

  • Immediate Effects: Increased energy; talkativeness; alertness/paranoia; euphoria; physical rushes; loss of appetite; jitteriness

  • Chronic and Long Term Effects: Depression; sleep problems; severe anxiety; long term paranoia; psychosis; muscle tension; chills and nausea; blurred vision; brain damage

  • Effects on Driving: Severely effects accuracy, judgement, perception and the ability to concentrate; increases confidence and risk taking; produced unofficially, so impact of adulterants is unpredictable


Opiates

Opiates

  • Immediate Effects: Relaxation and sleepiness; reduction of pain; pinpoint pupils; cold, moist and bluish skin

  • Chronic and Long Term Effects:Restlessness, nausea and vomiting; user may go “on the nod”, going back and forth from feeling alert to drowsy; addiction even with occasional use; infections from unsterile solutions; illness such as hepatitis, AIDS and tetanus from using needles

  • Effects on Driving:Euphoric high followed by stuperous inactivity; difficulty focusing; visual distortion; loss of consciousness.


Initial eap supervisor training alcohol and drug testing program

PCP

  • Immediate Effects: Effects are erratic and unpredictable; increased heart rate and BP; flushing, sweating, dizziness and numbness; violent or bizarre behavior

  • Chronic and Long Term Effects: Stimulation of body functions - can also act as a depressant, pain killer, anesthetic or hallucinogen; change in user’s perception of own body and other forms; changes in speech, muscle coordination and vision; “spacing out’ of time

  • Effects on Driving:A sense of invulnerability and power; aggressive behavior; visual distortion; impaired coordination and dulled senses


Positive tests 1 10 10 11 3 10

Positive Tests (1/10/10 – 11/3/10)

  • Pre-employment 1 (cocaine)

  • Reasonable Suspicion0

    (2 conducted)

  • Random4

    (3 THC, 1 refusal)

  • Post accident0

    (34 conducted)

  • Return to Work0

    (3 conducted)


Reasonable suspicion testing

Reasonable SuspicionTesting


Role of the supervisor

Role of the Supervisor

  • Ensure the safety of the driver, the students, and the public

  • Use best skills and judgment

  • Determine if there is reasonable suspicion to test


Confidentiality

Confidentiality

  • Subpart P - Confidentiality

  • § 40.321   What is the general confidentiality rule for drug and alcohol test information?

  • .…, you are prohibited from releasing individual test results to third parties without the employee's specific written consent

  • (a) A “third party” is any person to whom other parts of this regulation do not authorize or require the transmission of information in the course of the drug or alcohol testing process.


Recent cases

Recent Cases

September 2009:

  • Illinois school bus driver arrested for Driving Under the Influence of Drugs after endangering a bus full of seventh graders by driving recklessly. Also charged with 41 counts of child endangerment.

    October 2009:

  • California school bus driver arrested for Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol and child endangerment. Bus hit by a pick up truck after bus driver made a U-turn with 31 children on bus.


Reasonable suspicion video

REASONABLE SUSPICION VIDEO


Reasonable suspicion guidelines

Reasonable Suspicion Guidelines

  • Ongoing observation/supervision of your drivers

  • Compare observations with handbook (p.7)

  • Get second supervisor to confirm

  • Meet in private

  • Arrange to send for testing

  • Document your observations - use correct forms

  • Questions? Call Miles Alban (HR) or EAP


Reasonable suspicion case scenarios

Reasonable Suspicion Case Scenarios


Frequently asked questions

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Do you test a driver when a child is injured on the bus and the injury is not the result of an accident?

  • How do we select drivers for random testing?

  • Why do we test some people for alcohol only and others for drugs and alcohol?

  • Who is responsible for taking the employee for reasonable suspicion testing?


Frequently asked questions1

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Why don’t we test bus attendants?

  • If I have a concern about a driver’s potential drug or alcohol use, can I add him/her to my random testing list?

  • What happens if an employee can’t supply any or a sufficient amount of urine?


Initial eap supervisor training alcohol and drug testing program

Thanks for coming!For more information about the EAP, contact us at 240-314-1040or visit our website atwww.montgomeryschoolsmd.org/departments/eap


  • Login