Body cavities
Download
1 / 45

BODY CAVITIES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 144 Views
  • Uploaded on

BODY CAVITIES. BODY CAVITIES. Spaces within the body containing vital organs Two MAIN Cavities Dorsal – (posterior) on the back side of the body Cranial – holds the brain Spinal Cavity – holds the spinal cord. BODY CAVITIES. Two MAIN Cavities

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' BODY CAVITIES' - sorcha


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Body cavities1
BODY CAVITIES

  • Spaces within the body containing vital organs

  • Two MAIN Cavities

    • Dorsal – (posterior) on

      the back side of the body

      • Cranial – holds the brain

      • Spinal Cavity – holds the

        spinal cord


Body cavities2
BODY CAVITIES

Two MAIN Cavities

  • Ventral – (anterior) on the belly side of the body

    • Thoracic – holds the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels

    • Abdominal – holds organs of the digestive & urinary systems

      • Stomach, small intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, & part of the large intestine

    • Pelvic – contains the urinary bladder, reproductive organs, rectum, remaining part of the large intestine & the appendix



Body planes1
BODY PLANES

  • Fixed lines of reference along which the body is often divided or sectioned

  • Allows for a three-dimensional perspective


Sagittal medial plane
SAGITTAL - MEDIAL PLANE

  • Divides the body into two parts

    • Left & Right


Midsagittal plane
MIDSAGITTAL PLANE

  • Divides the body into EQUAL left and right halves


Frontal or coronal plane
FRONTAL orCORONAL PLANE

  • Divides the body into anterior and posterior sections


Transverse plane
TRANSVERSE PLANE

  • Divides body into top (superior) and bottom (inferior) parts



Anatomical position
ANATOMICAL POSITION

  • Standing erect

  • Facing forward

  • Arms at side

  • Palms forward


Anterior ventral
ANTERIOR/VENTRAL

  • Means to the front (belly) side of the body


Posterior dorsal
POSTERIOR/DORSAL

  • Means the back side of the body


Superior
SUPERIOR

  • Above another structure


Inferior
INFERIOR

  • Below another structure


Lateral
LATERAL

  • Means to the side


Medial
MEDIAL

  • Means middle or near the medial plane


Proximal
PROXIMAL

  • Means near the point of attachment to the trunk


Distal
DISTAL

  • Means away from the point of attachment to the trunk


Supine

SUPINE

Means lying on the back facing upward


Prone

PRONE

Means lying on the stomach facing downward


DEEP

Means through the surface


Superficial

SUPERFICIAL

Means on or near the surface


Cranial cephalic
CRANIALCEPHALIC

  • Meaning toward the head


Caudal
CAUDAL

  • Meaning toward the feet



Regions1
REGIONS

  • Abdominal cavity is divided into nine regions

  • Regions are used to describe the location of the organ, injury or pain


Epigastric
EPIGASTRIC

  • Upper, center area above the stomach


Umbilical
UMBILICAL

  • The region surrounding the umbilicus


Hypogastric
HYPOGASTRIC

  • Area just below the umbilical region


Hypochondriac
HYPOCHONDRIAC

  • Just below the ribs, immediately over the abdomen

  • On either side of the epigastric region

  • A left and a right side


Lumbar
LUMBAR

  • Near the waist

  • On either side of the umbilical region

  • A left and a right side


Iliac or inguinal
ILIAC or INGUINAL

  • Located near the upper portion of the hipbone

  • On either side of the hypogastric region

  • A left and a right side



Quadrants1
QUADRANTS

  • A simpler way to divide the abdominal cavity is into QUADRANTS


Right upper quadrant ruq
Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ)

  • On the right anterior side

    • Contains part of the liver, the gallbladder, parts of the pancreas and intestinal tract


Right lower quadrant rlq
Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)

  • On the right anterior side

    • Contains the appendix, parts of the intestines, female reproductive organs and the urinary tract


Left upper quadrant luq
Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)

  • On the left anterior side

    • Contains the stomach, spleen, and parts of the liver, pancreas and intestines


Left lower quadrant llq
Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)

  • On the left anterior side

    • Contains parts of the intestines, reproductive organs of the female and the urinary tract


ad