Arrangement of shapes, colors, elements. composition. What makes an effective design? . We know: typography colors graphic elements
Sometimes we don’t pay the right attention to the composition and harmony “rules”. The composition is frequently based on what we feel is right, but there are some tricks to make it more precise. We are going to study the design and composition elements and its arrangements.
Color is a strong element that can create harmony, contrast, define spaces and much more. Besides that, colors can express feelings and sensations, so be careful when choosing them.
This element is important to indicate movement and make the layout flow. Being straight, curved, horizontal, vertical or diagonal can mean different things. The important thing is know how to use it, being explicit or not. Take a look at the images and see how the lines create a nice flow in different designs.
Shapes are closed lines and like these ones, shapes can indicate movement, as well as balance the composition and distribute weight. The primary shapes are basic geometric figures and the organic ones can make great compositions, due to its infinity of forms.
The texture refers to the feeling you have about a surface, like rough, smooth, etc. It’s also related to repeated pattern on a surface. Using a nice texture can make your work much more rich and interesting. The images show texture as a surface and as the whole image.
Tone is about light and dark and how they give volume to the image, giving a three-dimensional quality. It doesn’t mean that it’s only referred to black and white, but also for colors.
We call proportion the relation of size/weight of elements in a layout. That’s what keeps the balance. Talking about proportion and composition, we must remember the “Rule of the thirds” and the “Golden ratio”.
Studies indicate that we are programmed to see this proportion as comfortable and pleasant. There are also speculations about some Da Vince’s paintings, saying that they are based on these proportions. Just for curiosity, the pentagram is based on this proportion.
The unity is the characteristic that makes all components of a layout work as a single piece, talking the same language, keeping a pattern or style, the unity of colors, or the unity of elements.
The positive space is where the shapes and elements are. All the “empty” space around it is the negative space. Don’t ever think that the negative space isn’t important, because it’s an element as any other – that’s why designers always talk about “white space”.
The balance of all these elements are supposed to make a good composition, but most important than any rule is using your own perception. As designers, we know that each project has its particularities. Experiment, provoke, try something new for every project.