The art of public speaking
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The Art of Public Speaking. CHAPTER 4 Selecting a Topic and a Purpose. Choosing a Topi c. Topics you know a lot about Topics you want to know more about Brainstorming for topics: Make a quick inventory of your hobbies, skills, interests, experiences. Use the techniques of clustering

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The Art of Public Speaking

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The art of public speaking

The Art of Public Speaking

CHAPTER 4

Selecting a Topic and a Purpose


Choosing a topi c

Choosing a Topic

  • Topics you know a lot about

  • Topics you want to know more about

  • Brainstorming for topics:

  • Make a quick inventory of your hobbies, skills, interests, experiences.

  • Use the techniques of clustering

  • Look through a reference work for ideas

  • Use the Internet to scan possible topics


Determining the general purpose

Determining the General Purpose

  • To inform: to enhance the knowledge and the understanding of the listeners

  • To persuade: to change or structure the attitudes or actions of your audience


Determining the specific purpose

Determining the Specific Purpose

  • Topic:

  • General purpose:

  • Specific purpose:


Tips for formulating the specific purpose statement

Tips for Formulating the Specific Purpose Statement

  • Write the purpose statement as a full infinitive phrase, not as a fragment

  • Express your purpose as a statement, not as a question

  • Avoid figurative language in your purpose statement

  • Limit your purpose statement to one distinct idea

  • Make sure your specific purpose is not too vague or general


Questions to ask

Questions to ask

Does my purpose meet the assignment?

Can I accomplish my purpose in the time allotted?

Is the purpose relevant to my audience?

Is the purpose too trivial for my audience?

Is the purpose too technical for my audience?


Phrasing the central idea

Phrasing the Central Idea

Topic: Music therapy

General purpose: to inform

Specific purpose:

to explain the benefits of music therapy for people with psychological or cognitive disabilities

Central idea:

Music therapy developed as a formal mode of treatment during the twentieth century, utilizes a number of methods, and is explained by several theories that account for its success.


Consolidation

Consolidation

Selecting a topic and a purpose

  • Choosing a topic

  • General purpose

  • A specific purpose

  • The central ideas


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