Muhammad Muizz B Mohd NAwawi HB070025 Khairul Anuar B. Ab. WahabHB070036 Mohd Nashmal B Mohmad RozeeHB070037 Lukman Nul Hakim B. Md TerasidHB070014. PHOTOGRAPHY. TEKNOLOGI PENDIDIKAN DALAM PTV (MBE1053). START. Pengenalan.
Muhammad Muizz B Mohd NAwawi HB070025
Khairul Anuar B. Ab. WahabHB070036
Mohd Nashmal B Mohmad RozeeHB070037
Lukman Nul Hakim B. Md TerasidHB070014
TEKNOLOGI PENDIDIKAN DALAM PTV
Photography - process of recording pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium.
such as a film or electronic sensor.
Photography - comes from the French “photographie”
Based on the Greek words:
phos ("light"), and graphis ("stylus", "paintbrush") or graphê ("representation by means of lines" or "drawing"), together meaning "drawing with light."
Introduction to Photography
Device used to capture images.
As still photographs or as sequences
Latin - camera obscura for "dark chamber"
Cameras may work with the light of the visible spectrum or with other portions of the electromagnetic spectrum
Single-lens reflex camera
Digital single-lens reflex camera
Twin-lens reflex camera
Types of Camera..
Single-Lens Reflex (SLR) camera - utilizes an automatic moving mirror system
which permits the photographer to see exactly what will be captured by the film or digital imaging system.
Cross-section view of SLR system:1 - Front-mount Lens (4 element Tessar design)2 - Reflex Mirror at 45 degree angle3 - Focal Plane Shutter4 - 35 mm Film or Sensor5 - Focusing Screen6 - Condenser Lens7 - Optical Glass Pentaprism (or Pentamirror)8 - Eyepiece (can have diopter correction ability)
Digital single-lens reflex camera (digital SLR or DSLR)
digital camera that uses an automatic mirror system and pentaprism
to direct light from the lens through the viewfinder eyepiece.
A modern DSLR, the Canon EOS 40D, with an 85mm prime lens attached
Cross-section view of SLR system.1 - 4-element lens2 - Reflex mirror3 - Focal-plane shutter4 - Sensor5 - Matte focusing screen6 - Condenser lens7 - Pentaprism8 - Eyepiece
Camera with two objective lenses of the same focal length.
One of the lenses is the photographic objective
The other is used for the waist-level viewfinder system.
twin-lens reflex camera (TLR)
rangefinder camera is a camera fitted with a rangefinder.
a range-finding focusing mechanism allowing the photographer to measure the subject distance
and take photographs that are in sharp focus.
The Epson R-D1 with a Leica lens & The Leica M8
view camera is a type of camera first developed in the era
video camera is a camera used for electronic motion picture acquisition
initially developed by the television industry but now common in other applications as well.( Camcorders & Webcams)
Toy cameras are simple, inexpensive film box cameras made almost entirely out of plastic, often including the lens.
these cameras are actually capable of taking photographs
Many were made to be given away as novelties or prizes.
movie camera is a type of photographic camera
which takes a rapid sequence of photographs on strips of film.
In contrast to a still camera, which captures a single snapshot at a time
the movie camera takes a series of images, each called a "frame
Photographic film is a sheet of plastic (polyester…………)
coated with an emulsion containing light-sensitive silver halide salts (bonded by…..)
with variable crystal sizes that determine the sensitivity, contrast and resolution of the film.
Common sizes of film
Film format 135 (popularly known as "35 mm")
APS (Advanced Photo System)
120/220 (for use in medium format photography)
Sheet film (for use in large format photography)
Disc film Obsolete format used in disc system cameras
Motion picture films: 8 mm, 16 mm, 35 mm and 70 mm
There are 2 Primary Types of photographic film:
Print film, when developed, turns into a negative with the colors….
(or black and white values, in black and white film) inverted.
Color reversal film after development is called a transparency and can be viewed directly using projector.
Reversal film mounted with plastic or cardboard for projection is often called a slide. It is also often marketed as "slide" film
Print Film for common 35mm cameras comes in long narrow strips of chemical coated plastic.
Reversal film is a still, positive image created on a transparent base using photochemical means.
The terms slide and transparency are also used
A single slide, showing a color transparency in a plastic frame
Most cameras utilize some form of removable storage to store data.
flash memory (CompactFlash, SD,….)
Microdrives (very small hard disk drives)
CD single (185 MB)
3.5" floppy disks.
JPEG is the most common method of compressing image data.
(TIFF and RAW.)
Accessories really important to complete your photo shoot experience. Once you have a camera, you need an accessories to help you to get the best photo shoot. There are many accessories provides by the manufacturer nowadays. These are some example of them.
Lens help you to get the great zoom depending on their types and specifications.
Tripods are a serious purchase. They provide so many benefits: they eliminate unsightly shake and are highly recommended when it comes to nature and scenic photography. Choosing one is no simple task, however.
Your digital camera memory card is easily the most crucial camera accessory. Without it, you can store very few pictures or none at all. If you have a high-megapixel camera, you also need a high-capacity, high-speed memory card.
Flash and Lighting
Photo Editing Software
Process of recording pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium, such as a film or electronic sensors.
The word "photography" comes from the Greek words phos ("light"), and graphis ("stylus", "paintbrush") or graphê ("representation by means of lines" or "drawing"), together meaning "drawing with light." Traditionally, the product of photography has been called a photograph, commonly shortened to photo.
Still Life Photography
What You'll Need:
Black-and-white or color film
Interesting objects (for the still life arrangement)
Step 1: Look for some interesting objects and arrange them on a table.
Step 2: Take a picture of your still life arrangement.
Try using different kinds of light such as natural light, spotlight, or colored light when taking your photos. Take pictures from different angles as well.
Composing Our Picture
Choosing a main point of interest (POI)
Eliminate all unimportant elements by moving closer, zooming in, or choosing a different shooting angle.
Using “Rule Of Third”
The basic principle behind the rule of thirds is to imagine breaking an image down into thirds (both horizontally and vertically) so that you have 9 parts. As follows:
The basic principle behind the rule of thirds is to imagine breaking an image down into thirds (both horizontally and vertically)
With this grid in mind the ‘rule of thirds’ now identifies four important parts of the image that you should consider placing points of interest in as you frame your image
Placing points of interest in the intersections or along the lines that the photo becomes more balanced and will enable a viewer of the image to interact with it more naturally.
Studies have shown that when viewing images that people’s eyes usually go to one of the intersection points most naturally rather than the center of the shot - using the rule of thirds works with this natural way of viewing an image rather than working against it.
Shooting vertical or horizontal
When a camera is held normally, the longer side of the photo will be horizontal. Photos in the horizontal (or landscape) format are quite natural. But if the subject is a person, turning the camera vertically often produces the best picture.
Horizontal (landscape) format is more appropriate for scenery,
The depth and flow of water is often best depicted in the vertical (or portrait) format.
Using horizontal formats can give an expansive feel to a photograph
Photographers can make a moving object appear static in the photo, or intentionally make it blurred by adjusting the shutter speed.
At 1/125, the bicycle rider is quite blurred, and the blurring increases as the shutter speed gets slower, down to 1/60, 1/30 and 1/15 second.
Changing the shutter speed gives the photos these different impressions
Photographs with the subject right in the center are not very interesting.
"Focus lock" is the technique of focusing on the subject in the center of the frame, then pressing the shutter button half-way to "lock" the focus on the subject.
With the focus locked, you can now move the camera so the main subject is not in the center of the picture but is still in focus
The primary purpose of a flash is to enable to take a photo when there is insufficient light.
A flash built into a compact camera or a similar camera has a small amount of light, and the light cannot reach a distant object.
To take a photo properly, you need to expose the film or the sensor to the proper amount of light.
This amount of light is called the correct exposure
Type of Aperture
Type of Shutter
Automatic Exposure (AE)
Landscape -it automatically selects a combination with as large an aperture as possible.
Sports mode, the camera selects a combination with as fast a shutter speed as possible.
Be Aware of the Background
When taking pictures of people, must be careful about the background.
A post or tree growing out of the subject's head, or a busy background is unsightly and can ruin an otherwise good photograph.
Photo editing is a process of changing or repairing the image after the picture is taken. Usually digital images is easier to be edit and modify rather than analog.
Images editing involves many process and procedures. Basic process in editing images include adjusting pictures colors, changing the image and adding some effects.
a. Adjusting Colors
Picture taken in cloudy condition or not enough
lighting exposure may look faded and dark.
With “adjustments-color balance” function, the
colors can be adjust to suitable appearance.
b. Colors Brightness
If the picture seem to be dark and almost no
lighting appearance, “brightness-contrast”
Function can help to make the picture clearer
Usually colorful pictures will be transform into
black and white picture. It can make the
picture more attractive and catchy in certain
condition rather than color picture.
Color pictures also can be transform into others
color which interested and it is different than
grayscale. Here the colors are not remove but
it’s change using “photo filter” function.
e.Negative Film Effect
This effect can transform picture into reverse
color picture just like negative film. It can help
to perform a different and variouseffect for
BRIGHTNESS AND CONTRAST
BLACK AND WHITE
Adjustment picture angle
CROP AND PASTE
a. Background Focus
The background view can be change the
colors, brightness and lighting effect.
Background which is too bright can be adjust
to be darker, blur, soft and adding some
b. Change Focus
Main fokus can be point out to be the focus
point by adding some motion effect. Motion
effect is made by adjusting the background
c. Sharping Picture
When croping a picture and then enlarge the size of the picture, it will make the picture blur. To make it clear again, you can adjust it by sharpen the picture.
CHALK AND CHARCOAL
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