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Kenya Project Activities. Improving the Livelihoods of Poor Livestock-keepers in Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources. Addis 11th to 18th September 2005. Collaborating Institutions Egerton University

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Kenya project activities

Kenya Project Activities

Improving the Livelihoods of Poor Livestock-keepers in Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources


11th to 18th September 2005

Collaborating Institutions

Egerton University

GEF/GTZ Indigenous Vegetation Project Marsabit (IVP)

Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Devt.

Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI)

University of Hohenheim (UHOH)

Arid and semi arid low lands, Northern Kenya

District of focus - Marsabit District

Rainfall in the district

Bimodal rainfall regime

Less than 2% of district receiving >500 mm of annual rainfall on average

Research target tribal groups – Rendille/Ariaal and Gabra

Research Sites

Farakoren (Rendille/Arial) – Arid

Malabot (Gabra) – Arid

Egerton/Hohenheim graduate students selected (Dec. 2004)

Messrs. Samuel Mbuku and Isacko Tura selected as MSc. students

Developing M.Sc. proposals

Characterisation of the Breeding Practices of Sheep and Goat Keepers in Northern Kenya developed – Mbuku (Jan. 2005)

Herds history and social networks – Breeds as result of socio-cultural practices – Tura (Jun. 2005)

Farmer Field School (FFS) and “Characterisation of AnGR…” Training (March, 2005)

Action plan on characterisation work for each country developed

Agreed upon FFS methodology be adapted to suit target groups

Study site selection (Dec. 2004)

Farakoren and Malabot identified as most promising sites with subpopulations of Rendille and Gabra breeds of sheep and goats respectively

Comparatively large herd sizes of sheep and goats per HH in each site (> 200 per HH on average)

High dependency on shoats and thus need of conservation of the existing breed

Site identification based on open key informant interviews with opinion leaders, local chiefs, butchers, traders, and cross verification by discussions with elders

Introduction of project to target communities (Dec. 2004)

Project introductory meetings held in each site to address:

Reasons for site selection

Focus of the project

Criteria for selecting research/test livestock keepers

Participant observations in Rendille and Gabra sites (Feb. 2005)

2 weeks spent per site making observations and guided interviews on care of small ruminants

Gender disaggregated knowledge and management practices of sheep and goats generated

Generated information used to develop semi-structured interview guide for assessment of:

Small ruminants functions by age and sex classes

traits and trait expression observed

Assessment methods of traits expressions

Management practices influencing trait expressions

Semi-structured interviews - Rendille/Arial (Apr. - May 2005) - Gabra (June-July 2005)

Pre-testing and reviewing of interview guide in Rendille and Gabra research sites

Research/test livestock keepers purposively selected with help of village leaders

Farakaron – 52 from 11 villages (manyattas)

Malabot – 34 from 13 villages (manyattas)

Semi-structured interviews

Farakoren - 33 out of 52 livestock keepers interviewed

Malabot – 22 out of 34 livestock keepers interviewed

Open key informant interviews on management practices that influence trait expressions

Practical explanation by key informants on methods of assessing trait expressions

Monitoring indicators (April-June, 2005; August 2005) 2005) - Gabra (June-July 2005)

Structured questionnaire developed based on “Asset function frame work” to capture information on monitoring indicators

Questionnaire administered to selected test livestock keepers in both sites

Discussions with JP held and agreed on review of some indicators

Farmer Field School meeting Ngurunit (August 2005) 2005) - Gabra (June-July 2005)

FFS activities to start with Group meetings every two months following a model agenda:

Special topic facilitated by a subject matter specialist

Review of project activities

Visiting implemented PTDs

Planning for next meeting

Discussed during feedback seminars - first meeting expected October to address small ruminant diseases

Prelimanary analyses of baseline data (mainly frequency distributions)

Visual aids in form of drawings and posters produced in preparation of FS

Feedback seminars

- Malabot on September 3rd and 4th with 28 participants

- Farakoren on September 7th with 42 participants

Topics covered

(i) Introduction

What is the project is all about?

“working together to find out possibilities to improve benefit from goats and sheep”

How to achieve working together?

Concept of knowledge systems- Livestock keeper and Scientist

RECAP on past activities – planning workshops, partcipant observations, SSI and SI

Preliminary Data Analysis and Feedback Seminars (Aug-Sept. 2005)

(ii) Results presented distributions)

Functions of Sheep and Goats by Age and Sex Classes

Relevant traits in the system and desired expressions

Different ecotypes and differentiation criteria

Livestock keepers feedback on feedback

Confirmation of identified expressions of relevant productive and adaptive traits

Major constraints:

Lack of knowledge ananimal diseases

Lack of market out lets

Consesus on Educational Workshops and starting dates

Basis for agreeing on potential improved management interventions

Preliminary Data Analysis and Feedback Seminars Cont…

Preliminary results “Target breeds of sheep and goats in the Rendille and Gabra area”

Somali (Gala) Goats

Small East African Goats

Preliminary results “Ecotypes of sheep and goats as distinguished by Rendille and Gabra herders”

Preliminary results “Ecotypes of sheep and goats as distinguished by Rendille and Gabra herders”

Dorigo Female

Garo Female

Garo Male

Godan distinguished by Rendille and Gabra herders”


Milghisa distinguished by Rendille and Gabra herders”



Preliminary results “Traits of Rendille Goats Ecotypes” distinguished by Rendille and Gabra herders”

Preliminary results “Traits of Gabra sheep ecotypes” distinguished by Rendille and Gabra herders”

Preliminary results “Traits of Gabra goat ecotypes” distinguished by Rendille and Gabra herders”

Thank You of potential new ram