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Spatial Distribution of Fuel Usage: Past and Present. Sustainable Air Quality Matt Fishman. Coal Energy. BBtu. BBtu. 1960. 2003. 1960. 2003. MBtu/Person. MBtu/Person. Wyoming. West Virginia.

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Spatial distribution of fuel usage past and present

Spatial Distribution of Fuel Usage: Past and Present

Sustainable Air Quality

Matt Fishman


Coal energy
Coal Energy

BBtu

BBtu

1960

2003

1960

2003

MBtu/Person

MBtu/Person

Wyoming

West Virginia

In 1960, coal energy use was concentrated to the eastern United States. This area had easier access to the large coal stores in the Ohio river valley than the western states.

By 2003, coal usage had spread west across the country thanks to new coal deposits discovered in Wyoming. However, the east still maintained its lead in overall usage.


All petroleum products
All Petroleum Products

BBtu

BBtu

1960

2003

1960

2003

MBtu/Person

MBtu/Person

California

Texas

In 1960, petroleum products were being used mostly in states that had a shoreline. This was due to the large amount of oil imported into the country.

For the most part, petroleum use has not increased dramatically in states that did not use it in the 60’s. It has increased in the other states, however.


Natural gas energy
Natural Gas Energy

BBtu

BBtu

1960

2003

1960

2003

MBtu/Person

MBtu/Person

California

Texas

In 1960, natural gas use was fairly widespread, with the majority of the use in Texas, California, Louisiana, and some states in the northeast.

By 2003, the natural gas usage had increased, but the pattern of usage has not really altered. The major users are still the northeastern states, Texas, and California.


Nuclear energy
Nuclear Energy

BBtu

BBtu

1960

2003

1960

2003

MBtu/Person

MBtu/Person

South Carolina

Illinois

In 1960, nuclear power was not a major source of energy. There was little to no nuclear power energy being produced.

By 2003, nuclear power has increased dramatically, with the majority of the use on the eastern and southeastern coastline.


Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric Energy

BBtu

BBtu

1960

2003

1960

2003

MBtu/Person

MBtu/Person

Nevada

Washington

In 1960, hydroelectric power only accounted for a small percentage of power generation. The northwestern states and the southeastern states utilized this power source the most.

In 2003, the amount of hydroelectric power had increased in the same states as before. Only the western states generate a large portion of their power using this power source.


Geothermal energy
Geothermal Energy

BBtu

BBtu

1960

2003

1960

2003

MBtu/Person

MBtu/Person

Vermont

California

In 1960, geothermal energy was almost non-existent, with the exception of New York state.

By 2003, more states had begun to use geothermal energy, but on a very small scale. California is the only state to create a substantial amount of energy using this method.


Spatial trend of energy consumption by fuel

2003

1960

Spatial Trend of Energy Consumption by Fuel

Coal

All Petroleum

Natural Gas

Hydroelectric

Nuclear

Geothermal

*in BBtu


Summary of spatial distribution
Summary of Spatial Distribution

  • The distribution of fuel usage per person is largely determined by the natural resources available

    • Hydroelectric: Northwest

    • Nuclear: East Coast

    • Petroleum: Mainly East Coast and Ohio River Valley

    • Coal: East Coast and Midwest

    • Natural Gas: Mainly Southern States, but widespread

    • Geothermal: West Coast and Northeast


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