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Emergent Literacy and Childhood Literacy-Promoting Activities for Children in the Ontario Child Welfare System. Shaye Moffat, Cynthia Vincent, and Robert Flynn CRECS, University of Ottawa, Canada. Emergent Literacy. The process of emerging literacy What is it? Importance of literacy

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Shaye Moffat, Cynthia Vincent, and Robert Flynn CRECS, University of Ottawa, Canada

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Shaye moffat cynthia vincent and robert flynn crecs university of ottawa canada

Emergent Literacy and Childhood Literacy-Promoting Activities for Children in the Ontario Child Welfare System

Shaye Moffat, Cynthia Vincent,

and Robert Flynn

CRECS, University of Ottawa, Canada


Emergent literacy

Emergent Literacy

  • The process of emerging literacy

    • What is it?

  • Importance of literacy

  • How is it fostered?


Shaye moffat cynthia vincent and robert flynn crecs university of ottawa canada

Our OnLAC Sample…


Our onlac sample

Our OnLAC sample…

  • 114 children living in out-of-home care in Ontario, Canada

  • Between the ages of 1 and 4 years

  • 46% female, 54% male

  • All have faced some type of adversity in their biological homes resulting in their removal

  • Completed an Assessment and Action Record during Year Six (June 2006 to May 2007) of the OnLAC Project


Comparison group

Comparison Group…

  • National Longitudinal Study of Children and Youth (NLSCY, Statistics Canada and Human Resources Development Canada)

    • Cycle 1 (1994-1995)

    • 4403 participants aged 1-4 years

    • 49% female, 51% male


Our questions

Our Questions…

  • How often do you or your spouse read with …?

  • How often does … look at books, magazines, comics, etc. on his/her own?

  • How often does … play with pencils or markers doing pretend writing?


The results

1-2 Age Group Engaging Dailyin Literacy Activities

OnLAC

NLSCY

How often do you or your spouse read with …?

How often does … look at books, magazines, comics, etc. on his/her own?

How often does … play with pencils or markers doing pretend writing?

77%

(N = 60)

 80%

(N = 60)

35%

(N = 60)

27%

(N = 1733)

32%

(N = 1925)

29%

(N = 1925)

The results…


The results cont d

3-4 Age Group Engaging Daily in Literacy Activities

OnLAC

NLSCY

How often do you or your spouse read with …?

How often does … look at books, magazines, comics, etc. on his/her own?

How often does … play with pencils or markers doing pretend writing?

76%

(N = 54)

82%

(N = 54)

61%

(N = 54)

63%

(N = 3595)

 72%

(N = 2788)

71%

(N = 3809)

The results (cont’d)…


What did we find

What did we find?

  • Children in out-of-home placements are being awarded with many opportunities to engage in literacy-promoting activities on a daily-basis


Limitations to our findings

Limitations to our findings…

  • OnLAC responses provided by caregivers in a conversational setting with social worker

  • Small population for comparison

  • Cross-sectional at this time


How can we encourage emergent literacy

How can we encourage emergent literacy?


How can we encourage emergent literacy1

How can we encourage emergent literacy?

  • Provide training for foster parents

  • Demonstrate importance of high expectations and positive encouragement

  • Encourage participation in literacy-enriching activities in the community

  • Make use of libraries and bookmobiles

  • Children’s Aid Societies can make links with libraries and book chains


Encouraging literacy cont d

Encouraging Literacy (Cont’d)…

  • Engage in daily conversations about books, and make it part of your routine

  • Encourage relatives and friends to give books as gifts

  • Listen to books on tape, sing songs, and play games

  • Ensure a steady stream of books are received in the foster home


Encouraging literacy cont d1

Encouraging Literacy (Cont’d)…

  • Start book/reading clubs

  • Approach a book chain to sponsor an event

  • Create a warm, comfortable learning environment

  • Anything else????


Contact us

Contact us…

Shaye Moffat

[email protected]

Cynthia Vincent

[email protected]

Robert Flynn

[email protected]


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