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Chapter 2.1.1 Work in Mechanical Systems. Principles of Technology I Edinburg North High School. Notes 2.1.1 Work in Mechanical Systems. Objectives: Define work done by force or torque in a mechanical system.

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chapter 2 1 1 work in mechanical systems

Chapter 2.1.1Work in Mechanical Systems

Principles of Technology I

Edinburg North High School

notes 2 1 1 work in mechanical systems
Notes 2.1.1Work in Mechanical Systems

Objectives:

  • Define work done by force or torque in a mechanical system.
  • Explain the relationship between work, force applied, and the distance an object moves.
  • Solve problems, given force and distance information in English and SI units.
work in mechanical systems
Work in Mechanical Systems
  • Work is done when a force moves an object through a distance (Fig. 2.1).
    • Chain hoist
    • Gears
  • We will see that with rotating systems it will be easier to calculate Wwith 
work done by a force
Work Done by a Force
  • Work – a quantity equal to the product of the applied force and the distance though which the object moves.
    • What are the units for work?
    • The distance and direction through which an object moves is called displacement.
slide5
Work is the product of two vector quantities:
    • In this chapter we will only consider work in one dimension.
      • If F and d are in the same direction – positive work
      • If F and d are in opposite directions – negative work
example 2 1 work done by a weight lifter p 85
Example 2.1 Work Done by A Weight Lifter (p.85)
  • Calculate the amount of work done by a weight lifter in lifting a 200 lb barbell a distance of 5 ft.
slide7
A closer look at lifting a barbell (Fig. 2.2)
    • Initial force to get barbell moving, a bit stronger
    • As barbell moves at a constant speed
    • At highest point, and held in place, no work is being done even though
      • You feel tired because work is still being done by your muscles.
example 2 2 work done to stop a trailer
Example 2.2. Work Done to Stop a Trailer
  • A car and trailer are moving to the right. The driver applies the brakes and stops the car in 5 m. A constant braking force of 900 N is applied over this distance. What is the direction of the braking force? How much work is done on the car by this force?
work can change an object s potential energy or kinetic energy
Work Can Change an Object’s Potential Energy or Kinetic Energy
  • In general, the work done on an object equals to the objects change in energy state.
  • In Example 2.1
  • In Example 2.2
sample problem a
Sample Problem A
  • A 2 kg object is lifted onto a table 1.5 m high. Calculate the work necessary to move this object.
sample problem b
Sample Problem B
  • A moving object has a KE equal to 300 J. A force is applied on the object in the same direction an increases it KE to 400 J. How much work was done on the object?
problem set 2 1 1
Problem Set 2.1.1
  • Pp. 93-94, #s 1-3, 6, and 9
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