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Andrea, Becky and Kay’s Presentation. Compare and contrast: Mode of production Design philosophy Aesthetic / social values Audience and client Technologies implemented. Japonisme. 1880 - 1890. Japonisme is the appreciation of Japanese art

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Andrea, Becky and Kay’s Presentation

Compare and contrast:

Mode of production

Design philosophy

Aesthetic / social values

Audience and client

Technologies implemented

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Japonisme

1880 - 1890

  • Japonisme is the appreciation of Japanese art
  • With technologies implemented at this time. Japan opened its borders and Japanese art became available for western market.
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Our Chosen artists

Monet

Vincent van Gogh

James Abbott McNeill Whistler

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Vincent Van Gogh

Ando HiroshigeKameido Ume (Japanese apricot) Garden 1857from the seriesOne Hundred Famous Views of Edo

Vincent van GoghFlowering Plum Tree1887

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Ando HiroshigeThunderstorm at Ohashifrom the seriesOne Hundred Famous Views of Edo

Vincent van GoghBridge in the Rain (after Hiroshige)1887

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Claude Oscar Monet 1880 - 1890

(Hokusai-series 36 vues du mont)

One of Monet\'s collection

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Introduction

Monet\'s love affair with Japanese art started in Paris, There he spotted some Japanese prints used as wrapping paper.

Similar to this

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This purchase changed his life and many say the history of western art. Monet went on to collect 231 Japanese prints which were flooding into European department stores.

Japanese became a fascination with all things Japonisme, This was the rage among French intellectuals and artists. Monet had collected several of Hiroshige\'s. Scenes from the classic novel (The tale of genji).

More of Monet\'s collection

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The Marmottwen Gallery in France is where some of Monet\'s paintings are hung. They decided not to put Monet\'s collection of Japanese prints along side his own paintings . I think having these paintings side by side would have shown the influence of the Japanese prints more so on Monet\'s own art works .

Monet was not shy about his fascination with Japan and in (1876 )he painted his wife Camille in a kimono against a background, decorated with Japanese paper fans.

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In 1883 , Monet built a Japanese bridge over a Japanese themed pond that he had built . In a Japanese garden which again he had built. He then spent the rest of his life painting this private paradise

Japanese garden.

Japanese pond.

Japanese bridge.

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Conclusion

The reality of how Japonisme influenced Claude Monet is elusive, subtle and obscured by his own unique style. He became a master of impressionism.

Maybe it was his unique style that influenced Japan.

Maybe this is why his paintings and collection of his Japonisme prints are not exhibited side by side in Marmottwen

Monet\'s unique style before Japonisme influence

Camille Monet in the Garden at Argenteuil 1876

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James Abbott McNeil Whistler

  • This is probably Whistler’s most well known portrait painting
  • Often referred to as ‘Whistler’s Mother’
  • When exhibited, he was applauded for the style of painting by other artists but not by the critics and public
  • ‘The whole will form the Harmony: How well the Japanese understood this, they never look for contrast ...’ JM Whistler

Arrangement in Grey and Black No. 1: Portrait of the Painter’s Mother. 1871. Oil on Canvas

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James Abbott McNeil Whistler

  • Model dressed as a courtesan looking at woodblock prints in front of a golden screen – this was an early painting of Whistler’s after his exposure to the Japanese woodblock prints
  • There is an early similar colour print by Hiroshige

Caprice in Purple and Gold No.2: The Golden Screen

(1864) Oil on Canvas

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James McNeil Whistler: Nocturne in Blue and Gold (1872-5) from his

Nocturne Series

AKA Old Battersea Bridge

Hiroshige: Bamboo Yards, Kyōbashi Bridge (1857)

From 100 Famous views of Edo Series

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100 Famous Views of Edo by Hiroshige : Owned by The Brooklyn Museum USA

The Museum\'s set of One Hundred Famous Views of Edo by Hiroshige was acquire in the 1930’s

Amazing that until the 1970’s this bound book of prints had remained unseen by the public

Although because of this lack of exposure, the pigments and dyes on the prints are still of exceptional quality

And due to the wonders of modern technology the prints in all their colourful glory have been digitally captured and are now available for viewing on the museum’s website

The original prints, now separated from the binding, are only shown to the public for brief periods of time to minimise their exposure to light and possible fading

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This is a set of Japanese Cherrywood Woodblocks carved on both sides

This set was thought to have been created in the mid 1800’s

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On pre-dampened paper the Baren tool

Is rubbed in circles over the paper

surface with the woodblock under it

Inking up the woodblock

Carefully peeling the Print from the woodblock surface

The finished simple print

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This beautiful but wistful lady is thought to be derived from Whistler’s interpretation of Edgar Allen Poe’s poem in which the poet remembers his wife who died at a young age

Whistler has portrayed sadness in the manner of her stance and the almost ethereal atmosphere he has created. With muted tones and little perspective introduced apart from the railing she rests her hand on she appears almost to be floating in between time and space – just like Ukiyo-e

Lessons he undoubtedly learned from studying the many Japanese woodblock prints he had access to and once owned

Annabel Lee (1885/87) Pastel on Wood

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Thank you for watching our presentationHope you enjoyed it!

Image Links

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vincent_van_Gogh

http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/whistler/

http://hiroshige.org

http://www.brooklynmuseum.org

http://www.gla.ac.uk

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