Treaty of Versailles. & Interwar Period. Thomas Woodrow Wilson Fourteen Points. The idealism expressed in them was widely acclaimed Gave Wilson a position of moral leadership among the Allied leaders
14 Points were for political and economic reconstruction
8. evacuation and restoration of French territory, including Alsace-Lorraine
9. readjustment of Italian frontiers along clearly recognizable lines of nationality
10. autonomy for the peoples of Austria-Hungary
Reparations were exorbitant ($33 B).
Artificial boundaries separating German people.
Took away colonies/resources
Some nationalities became forcefully separated
Germany was able to pay the amount asked: needed access to foreign markets.
Created new states that did reflect national autonomy.
Rebirth of Poland.
International body: The League of Nations
Captive peoples were freed. No other treaty ever released so many subject races from domination of oppressive empires
Major weapons were eliminated in defeated nationsThe Versailles Treaty Negatives / Positives
This total equals to costs approximately $125 000 000 for each day of the war and only includes the direct costs of conducting the war.
$33 000 000 000 (US)
In 1935, Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia condemns the Italian invasion of Abyssinia in his address to the League.
Contained charters Europe that led to World War II
Designed to promote peace
Mandate commission and Trusteeship commission
No human rights in L of N
League’s Council members had no veto power, but unanimity was needed.
No commission to supervise a free zone in UNL of N Compared/Contrasted to UN
League of Nations
International Courts of Justice are same Europe that led to World War II
US a member of UN
UN is more int’l
Headquarters based in New York, L of N was in Geneva.
League of Nations