The sonnet
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The Sonnet. AP Literature & Composition. Definition. A sonnet is: A 14-line lyric poem Written in iambic pentameter Follows one of several rhyme schemes. Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet. Divided in 2 parts 8-line octave rhyme scheme abbaabba

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The Sonnet

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The sonnet

The Sonnet

AP Literature & Composition


Definition

Definition

  • A sonnet is:

    • A 14-line lyric poem

    • Written in iambic pentameter

    • Follows one of several rhyme schemes


Italian petrarchan sonnet

Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet

Divided in 2 parts

  • 8-line octave

    • rhyme scheme abbaabba

    • Presents a problem, poses a question, or expresses an idea.

  • 6-line sestet

    • rhyme scheme cdecde or cdcdcd

    • Resolves the problem, answers the question, or drives home the idea.

    • The transition from octave to sestet is known as the turn.


Shakespearean sonnet english sonnet

Shakespearean Sonnet (English Sonnet)

  • Contains three 4-line quatrains

    • Rhyme scheme abab, cdcd, efef

    • The three quatrains often express related ideas or examples.

  • Followed by a concluding 2-line unit or couplet

    • Rhyme scheme gg

    • The couplet sums up the poet‚Äôs conclusion or message found in the first three quatrains.

  • The turn occurs during the transition from the third quatrain to the couplet.


Spenserian sonnet

Spenserian Sonnet

  • Developed by Edmund Spenser.

  • Like the Shakespearean sonnet, it is divided into 3 quatrains and a couplet.

  • Uses a different rhyme scheme that links the quatrains abab bcbc cdcd ee


Groups of sonnets

Groups of Sonnets

  • A group of sonnets on a related theme is called a

    • sonnet sequence or a

    • sonnet cycle.


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