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INT’L ENVIRON. LAW BACKGROUNDER PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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INT’L ENVIRON. LAW BACKGROUNDER. Prof David K. Linnan USC LAW # 666 Unit One. ADMIN I. COURSE PAGE AT http://www.lfip.org/laws666spring05/index.htm READING ASSIGNMENTS POSTED ON COURSE MATERIALS AT http://www.lfip.org/laws666spring05/cm666-05.htm

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INT’L ENVIRON. LAW BACKGROUNDER

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Int l environ law backgrounder

INT’L ENVIRON. LAW

BACKGROUNDER

Prof David K. Linnan

USC LAW # 666

Unit One


Admin i

ADMIN I

COURSE PAGE AT

http://www.lfip.org/laws666spring05/index.htm

READING ASSIGNMENTS POSTED ON COURSE MATERIALS AT

http://www.lfip.org/laws666spring05/cm666-05.htm

HARD COPIES ON LIBRARY RESERVES TOO, DO YOU WANT CD-ROMS? NOTE WATCHING STREAMING VIDEOS TOO (IN ADVANCE OF CLASS)


Admin ii

ADMIN II

YOU MUST SIGN UP FOR LISTSERV intlenviro (INSTRUCTIONS AT CLASS ADMINISTRATION LINK ON COURSE PAGE), SEE

http://www.lfip.org/laws666spring05/admin.htm

CLASS PROBLEMS & ACCESSMENT


Economic activity

ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

WHAT DOES THE BELOW MAP TELL YOU ABOUT COUNTRIES AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AS AN UNDERLYING REALITY OF INT’L ENVIRONMENTAL LAW?

http://www.lfip.org/laws666spring05/index.htm

WHAT IS DR. MAHATIR’S VIEW OF INT’L ENVIRONMENTAL LAW? WHY?


What int l law

WHAT INT’L LAW?

WHAT IS INT’L LAW?

WHAT ARE DIFFERENT APPROACHES OF PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW?

WHAT IS INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW?


Int l environ law

INT’L ENVIRON. LAW?

WHAT IS INT’L ENVIRONMENTAL LAW?

1.A fixed body of rules, like NEPA writ large?

2.A question about how to make law, recognizing that we have problems?

3.What are the interests at stake, etc. according to Dr. Mahatir? Other reading?


Pil issues

PIL ISSUES

NATURE OF SYSTEM, IS IT ABOUT STATES VERSUS INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS? “SPECIES-ISM”

WHO OR WHAT CAN MAKE A CLAIM, AND WHERE?

IS THERE A PERMANENT JUDICIAL BODY WITH MANDATORY JURISDICTION AKA WORLD COURT?

IS THERE A CENTRAL ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AKA SHERIFF?

WHO “MAKES” THE LAW AKA LEGISLATURE?


Pil concepts i

PIL CONCEPTS I

Differing approaches floating around past 100 years (like styles of constitutional law)

1.Traditional law between nations (state centered, hidden sovereignty ideas)

2.Human rights law post WW II

(individual rights ideas, but also issues social & economic versus political & civil rights, natural law reborn?)


Pil concepts ii

PIL CONCEPTS II

Differing approaches floating around past 100 years (like styles of constitutional law) Cont’d

3.Increasing emphasis on multilateral organizations (League of Nations 1919, UN Charter 1945, structural issues ofindependent organizational life versus member political control and obligations/rights distinctions)

4.Changing int’l scene introducing different groups of states and views (e.g., Socialist states, ex-colonies)


Pil concepts iii

PIL CONCEPTS III

Differing approaches floating around past 100 years (like styles of constitutional law) Cont’d

5.Increasing legalization of numerous areas like international economic law (EU, NAFTA, GATT/WTO, IMF, World Bank) or environmental law, “third generation” human rights law in terms of youth, gender, sustainable development, etc.

6.Increasing judicialisation attempted (e.g., ICC and Rome Treaty, ad hoc tribunals for Former Yugoslavia, Rwanda)


Pil concepts iv

PIL CONCEPTS IV

Differing approaches floating around past 100 years (like styles of constitutional law) Cont’d

7.Media & pressure groups (NGOs) increasingly try to affect int’l behavior often through the domestic political process

8.Int’l relations cross-over into politics (e.g., hegemon-speak, battles of civilizations, preemptive war doctrines)


Pil concepts v

PIL CONCEPTS V

Differing approaches floating around past 100 years (like styles of constitutional law) Cont’d

9.Intellectual attempts at recasting into self-enforcing structure (e.g., Draft Code on State Responsibility)


Sovereignty

SOVEREIGNTY

What is sovereignty, and what are its pluses and minuses conceptually?

Self-preservation and preemptive war post-9/11

Nature of global environmental probs


Communalism

COMMUNALISM

Communalism and economic interdependence are currently trendy concepts, what about them?

Community of nations, etc. as alleged European view post 9/11)?

What is Bush Administration view re Kyoto & global warming, and why?


Rich poor

RICH & POOR

Where do development, distributional justice and path dependency fit ?

UN Charter & economic prosperity’s failure from a developing country perspective


Environmental law

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

INT'L VERSUS NAT'L LAW, CONCEPT INT'L ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, NOT TRADITIONAL COMMAND & CONTROL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

SINCE THERE IS NO CENTRAL INTERNATIONAL LAW SOVEREIGN, LAW AS “VOLUNTARY” IN THEORY


Law vs policy

LAW VS POLICY

PROBLEM IS TRADITIONALLY LAW CREATION SINCE INTERNATIONAL LAW ALLOWS FOR NO RULES ABSENT PERMITTED FORMATION (SO RECENT CONCERNS MOSTLY ABOUT HOW TO CREAT THE LAW RATHER THAN EXACT SUBSTANCE-- WITNESS GLOBAL WARMING CONTROVERSY)

IS INT’L LAW “LAW” OR “POLICY” AND DOES IT MATTER?


Parts per mill

PARTS PER MILL?

NATURE OF INT'L LEGAL SYSTEM

1.WHO ARE PLAYERS (SUBJECTS OF INT'L LAW/STATES TRAD./NGOs IMPORTANTLY FOR INT’L ENVIRONMENTAL LAW)

2.SOVEREIGNTY & LACK OF ENFORCEMENT MECHANISM

3.DECENTRALIZED, MEANING ALSO TRAD. NOCOURTS/SHERIFF

4.CAN YOU GET TO PARTS PER MILLION LEVEL, AND HOW?


Sources of law

SOURCES OF LAW

CLASSIC INT'L LAW SOURCES

1.TREATIES (AGREEMENTS WITH VS. WITHOUT LEGAL FORCE)

2.CUSTOMARY LAW (BEHAVIOR UNDER LEGAL COMPULSION & OPINIO JURIS)

3.GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF LAW

4.BEST (ACADEMIC) WRITINGS


Treaty

TREATY

Treaty, express agreement written or oral

[int’l law treaty different from full US constitutional treaty with Senate supermajority vote]

Bilateral versus multilateral, now organic constitutional making own rules (problem negotiating up front versus longer term governance in technical areas

Issues now of treaties leading to legal effects on non-members


Customary law

CUSTOMARY LAW

Customary Law (opinion juris & state practice)

How long to form, how specific in its dictates?


General principles

GENERAL PRINCIPLES

General Principles of Law

Substantive vs. procedure problems

Problem of hidden preference over customary law, but problem rather with customary law


Wistful thinking

WISTFUL THINKING

Two sometimes alternate categories attempted, wistful thinking unless you are a multilateral

Soft law & general principles claims (eg, what amounts to best practice), e.g.

http://www4.worldbank.org/legal/legen/legen_iel.html

International environmental law on model of human rights law (probably general principles), e.g.

http://www.ciel.org/Publications/olpaper3.html


Sources pro con

SOURCES PRO & CON

What are the PROs & CONs of law formation for int’l environmental law under

1)Treaty

2)Customary Law

3)General Principles

4)Other

E.g., what are the nature of underlying problems and how do they interact with options?


Treaty1

TREATY?

WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO MAKE LAW IN A DETAILED TECHNICAL AREA WITH UNCERTAINTY ON SCIENCE & ECONOMICS?

What are the default rules, why?

Probably treaty, but why?


Practically

PRACTICALLY

WHO OWNS WHAT & HOW?

WHO ALLOCATES OWNERSHIP?

WHO EXERCISES CONTROL OVER RESOURCES/REGULATION & HOW?

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN POLICY & LAW FOR THESE PURPOSES?


Assignment

ASSIGNMENT

FOR NEXT WEEK, TO UNDERSTAND SOVEREIGNTY & INT’L ENVIRONMENTAL LAW DO UNIT 19 AT

http://www.lfip.org/laws783fall04/cm783fall04.htm

WATCH THE STREAMING VIDEO UNIT THEN DO THE ROTUNDA PROBLEM FOR CLASS DISCUSSION (NOTE SAME AS THIS COURSE UNIT TWO, EXCEPT STREAMING MATERIAL TO WATCH IN ADVANCE)


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