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Water and Sanitation Program Africa Kenya Country Status Overview (CSO). Patrick Mwangi & Japheth Mbuvi May 24, 2004. MDG Outlook. Is Kenya on the right track to reach the MDGs for water and sanitation?

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Water and Sanitation Program Africa Kenya Country Status Overview (CSO)

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Water and Sanitation Program AfricaKenya Country Status Overview (CSO)

Patrick Mwangi & Japheth Mbuvi

May 24, 2004

MDG Outlook

  • Is Kenya on the right track to reach the MDGs for water and sanitation?

    • Kenya appears to be on the right track to achieve the MDGs for WSS,…. greater attention needs to be paid to resource allocation and equity.

    • To achieve the MDGs by 2015, 15.8m more people need to obtain access to water and 16.5m more people need access to sanitation.

    • This would require an increase in current capacity of about 1.18 times for water supply, and 2.15 times for sanitation.

Main issues to be addressed

  • Restructuring the Ministry of Water and Irrigation

  • Operationalize the new sector institutions, by equipping them adequately with the resources

  • The need to move towards a Sector Wide Approach, including an improved sector investment plan and a collaborative budget process

  • Strengthen the existing legal and institutional frameworks to clarify roles, encourage private sector participation

  • Improved M&E systems are needed to track progress, particularly regarding access, financing, and cost-effectiveness

Coverage targets and investment requirements

Access to Safe Drinking Water


Goal: Increase access to water from 14.7m to 27.4m by 2015 (4.2m rural and 8.6m urban)

Measures to improve national strategies

  • While there are positive signs that the GoK is serious about water sector reform, the NWSS), Water Resources Management Strategy (WRMS) and Sector Investment Plan remain in draft form, and need to be finalized, opened for public consultation, and adopted.

  • The environmental sanitation and hygiene policy under preparation needs to be finalized, with engagement from the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education

Measures for improving sector financing

  • Need to implement the SWAp through the development of a sector investment plan and development of a collaborative budget process.

  • Water pricing policies must be rationalized to ensure cost recovery for the sector and more efficient use of water resources, while retaining a pro-poor element for equity and access

Measures for improving sector monitoring and evaluation

  • An M&E unit within MWI needs to be supported to be effective tracking progress towards the MDGs. and to provide reliable access to data and inventory information at appropriate planning level (district/ services board), as well as unit costs and value for money tracking.

  • Develop effective planning, monitoring & evaluation systems/tools in order for effective monitoring of progress in the sector. This should be based on the establishment of accurate data and statistics on water and sanitation coverage

Measures to improve sector capacityMedium

  • Technical Assistance (TA) should be provided to utilities, to ensure a smooth shift from centrally managed utilities, to autonomous water utilities working under proven corporate principles.

  • Facilitate the participation of the private sector, civil society and communities in investment planning, financing service delivery and management.

Measures to improve institutionalarrangements

  • The Ministry of Water and Irrigation needs support to complete its restructuring, and operationalize new institutional arrangements as set forth in the law. This includes leadership and measures to support engagement with the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education for sanitation and hygiene issues.

  • With the new institutional frameworks, capacity is required in all areas, relating to staffing, work/business plan development, strategic planning, and funding.

  • There is a need to implement effectively the transfer plan to adjust to the new institutional arrangements facing the Ministry, including a human resources development strategy, within the stipulated timeframe.

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