Warm Up – Practice MSL Questions. In response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions established what precedent? The right of citizens to nullify federal laws The right of the federal government to nullify state laws The right of states to nullify federal laws
Northern economy ~ manufacturing based
Southern economy ~ agriculture based
Factory versus Farm
POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY: Idea that voters in a territory- not Congress- should decide whether or not to allow slavery there
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
His slave master brought him to live for a time in free territory and the free state of Illinois, but eventually returned to Missouri (slave state).
Dred Scott felt that because he had lived in a free territory, he should be free.
Decision: Supreme Court ruled that African Americans were not and could never be citizens. Dred Scott had no right to even file a lawsuit and remained enslaved.
Question: How does this case relate to the case of Marbury v. Madison?
Lincoln stated: “A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free.”
5’4” Stephen A. Douglas
1858 campaign for Illinois senator
6’4” Abraham Lincoln
Slavery is immoral
Slavery cannot extend into the new territories
Popular sovereignty is better
Slavery would eventually end on it’s ownLincoln-Douglas Debates
** Significance: Lincoln puts his name on the map and becomes the Republican nominee for President
Emergence of Lincoln’s Party: The Republicans
Horace Greeley describes the new party:
“[The Republicans] have the heart, the conscience and the understanding of the people with them…All that is noble, all that is true, all that is pure, all that is manly, and estimable in human character, goes to swell the power of the anti-slavery party of the North.”
The Republican Party formed in opposition to the Kansas Nebraska Act
Conflict over Slavery in territories
Economic differences b/w North and South
Tariffs of 1816, 1828, 1832
Conflict b/w states’ rights and Fed. Control
Election of Lincoln
South feels that their political voice will no longer be heard
Secession of Southern States
Firing on Ft. SumterCauses of Civil War
“Uncle Tom’s Cabin”
Bestseller by Harriet Beecher Stowe
It’s depictions of slavery created much controversy. Northern abolitionists were energized, while southerners reacted with hatred.