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By Breeanna Roberg. A Walk around Minnesota. Minnesota…. Has three major biomes Prairie lands Coniferous forests Deciduous forests Minnesota can be broken up into many different sub-divisions Each sub-division has a set of qualities that makes them slightly more specific to the area. .

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A Walk around Minnesota

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By breeanna roberg

By BreeannaRoberg

A Walk around Minnesota



  • Has three major biomes

    • Prairie lands

    • Coniferous forests

    • Deciduous forests

  • Minnesota can be broken up into many different sub-divisions

    • Each sub-division has a set of qualities that makes them slightly more specific to the area.



  • Sub-divisions

    • The Arrowhead

      • Iron ranges

    • The Prairies

    • Bluffs

    • Red River valley

    • Bogs





  • This area is part of the coniferous forest

    • Meaning trees with needles

    • Consisting of pines and fir

  • Animals

    • Wolves

    • Bears

    • Elk

    • moose

Ely minnesota

Ely Minnesota

  • Started out as a small mining town with a total of 5 mines altogether

    • Together they produced more than eighty million tons of Iron Ore

    • They were shut down in 1967

  • Now the town depends on recreation including

    • Canoe trips

    • Boat trips

    • Fly fishing trips

International wolf center

International Wolf Center

  • An exhibit at the science museum triggered interest within the population and needed a permanent home

    • Why Ely?

      • S. Olson and M. Stenlund were conducting modern research here and was an obvious fit.

International wolf center1

International Wolf Center

  • What does it offer

    • A chance to see the resident wolf pack

    • Video presentations, howling trips, radio track, snowshoe treks, family activities, dog sledding, and flights over wolf country

Boundary waters canoe area wilderness bwcaw

Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCAW)

  • The most popular wilderness area in the United States

  • The forests were logged in the early 1900’s

    • In 1909 it became critical to save this area and 1.2 million acres were named the Superior Refuge

      • Today the BWCAW includes a million acres of wilderness



  • Landscape

    • Large old white pines

    • Many rocky lakes

  • Animal life

    • Bald eagles

    • Moose

    • Loons

    • Beavers

    • And of course your friendly pack of wolves

Iron ranges

Iron Ranges



  • Soudan Mine

    • First successful mine on the range

    • Shaft mine that opened in 1884

    • A cable car takes you 2,000 feet below the surface

    • The ore found here was expensive to harvest because it was so hard to get to

    • It is now an underground laboratory used by the University of Minnesota High Energy Physics Lab

Mesabi range the range

Mesabi Range“The Range”

  • Became the states leading iron range

  • The Iron found at this range was only onthe surface or under glacial deposits which are not thick

  • They were Ore pockets not bodies usually 200 to 500 feet deep.

General make up

General make up…

  • Towns

    • Most towns in this area were created because of the surrounding economy

      • When a mine popped up people needed supplies and a town soon formed

      • When the logging camps were set up, towns with the things they needed followed soon after.



  • Why didn’t people ever farm here?

    • It took too long to clear the forests from the land and the amount that the soil produced was not large enough to make a profit from it.

    • Because in the frontier days it was inaccessible

      • Railroads didn’t go this far

      • There were not any rivers that connected to the Mississippi River for steamboats to carry the immigrants

The heartland

The heartland

Leech lake indian reservation

Leech Lake Indian Reservation

  • Created by the 1855 treaty

    • The Ojibwe lost most of their land… however they were able to keep this

  • most of the area was logged in the early 1900’s

Leech lake indian reservation1

Leech Lake Indian Reservation

  • Control

    • State still has criminal and some civil jurisdiction

    • The tribe controls hunting, fishing, activities

      • They also have their own day care and college

Leech lake dam

Leech Lake Dam

  • Remains the longest dam and stretches 3,500 feet across

  • It raised Leech Lake a full 4 to 7 feet after completion

  • It was built because Minneapolis needed a steady water flow along the Mississippi river because it was such a large producer of flour

  • It was the second dam built by the Army Corp of Engineers

Wild rice

Wild Rice

  • It makes up 25% of the diet on the reservation

  • It became an important cash crop although it is fairly hard to harvest

  • In the summer they make the lakes look like prairies instead of swamps

  • Passed down from generation to generation it was common knowledge within the Indian population to “live where the food grows on water”



  • Sits on top of hills left by the last glacier and it over-looks leech lake (Ga-sagasquadjimekagsagaiigum (place-of-the-leech-lake)) named by the Ojibwe tribe

  • Was created because of the lumber industry and the placement of the railroad

  • Known today for mostly hunting and fishing

Cass lake

Cass Lake

  • Located in Cass Lake is

    • Lyle’s Logging Camp

      • Is a museum dedicated to a man who spent a large part of his life in the woods and wanted to make sure that the lifestyle got preserved

Cass lake1

Cass Lake

  • Located in Cass Lake is

    • Headquarters for the Chippewa National Forest which has a Finnish heritage

    • Also the headquarters for the consolidated Ojibwe Indian Agency

      • Which oversees seven reservations

Star island

Star Island

  • Why is Star Island so unique?

    • Because it is an island inside of Cass Lake that also has another lake inside of it

    • The only lake inside of a lake in the States

    • The lake

      • Named Lake Windigo

Itasca state park

Itasca state park

  • Contains

    • the source of the Mississippi River (Lake Itasca)

    • 157 lakes in all

    • Original structures from 1905

Itasca state park1

Itasca State Park

  • Contains

    • About 25% of the original trees in Minnesota

    • Largest Red and white pines that still stand in the state

    • Virgin Norway pine that is over 200 years old



  • Landscape

    • Leech, Cass and Winnibigoshish were created by glacial lake Agassiz

    • The area is very swampy

    • Not the original forest

      • Hardwoods and pine spot the continuous forests of Aspen

The storefront

The storefront

  • Many towns in this region still have their main street although they may be deserted for the most part except for the few local restaurants

  • Each town has something special about them for instance

    • Akeley has the largest statue of Paul Bunyan and Babe the blue ox!

    • Lake Windigo is a lake within an island within a lake






  • Waterfowl

  • Bald Eagles

  • Wild turkeys

  • Coyotes

  • foxes

  • Along with many other songbirds



  • The forests that surround the bluffs are so dense that low growing plants are hard to come by

  • Trees

    • Oak-hickory forests

    • Maple basswood forests

    • Pine plantations



  • The landscape was not touched by the youngest glacier coverage and therefore refrains from showing much glacial drift

  • The landscape is diverse and consists of

    • Rock cliffs

    • Steep valleys

    • Uplands

    • Old fields

Red wing

Red Wing

  • Red Wing’s many names

    • Now known as the Barn Bluff

    • French called it La Grange

    • Dakota tribe names

      • Proymueche- Mountain in water

      • Hemminnicha- wood, water and hill

Red wing logo

Red Wing logo

  • Used to be used as a tailsman for Dakota chiefs

  • Now used as the Red Wing shoe companylogo

    • Established in 1905

    • In 1915 it signed a contract with the U.S. Army to produce 200,000 shoes a day

    • Now it produces around two million a day

The prairie

The Prairie



  • The landscapes along the prairies are usually flat

  • Farming is common in the prairie because the land is so flat and very fertile

  • Trees are scarce along the prairies because of the fires that come every so often

    • The trees don’t have enough time to grow big enough to make it to the next fire



  • Crops that are grown consists mostly of

    • Corn

    • Wheat

    • Soybeans

    • sugar beats



  • The soil on the prairie is very fertile due to the dense roots of the grasses

    • Because the roots are so dense it was hard to plow and become farmland until the invention of a more modern plow that would cut the roots instead of trying to uproot them



  • Crop rotation

    • A farmer has to have a varitey of crops that he grows on his farm because of crop rotation

    • When a particular plant grows on a field it takes a certain nutrient from the earth making it insufficient in that nutrient

      • When a farmer rotates the crops it gives that section of farmland the ability to gain that nutrient back



  • Dairy farming

    • Is on the decline in Minnesota because smaller farms are harder to run

      • Most dairy farms are undersized and need a minimum of 500 cow to survive.



  • Dairy

    • People need to invest in the modern technology

      • Problem with this is that it is so expensive and that the profit produced from the sales is not high enough for the up-grade



  • Dry

    • Occur when the evapotranspirtation is greater than the amount of precipitation that falls

    • Dotted blazing star along with the prickly pear grow in these types of environments



  • Mesic

    • Occur in transition of the two or where there is a morraine

    • The butterfly flower and asters are commonly found here



  • Wet

    • The ground is saturated with water where the roots can meet them

    • Wood Lilly grows here along with the blue flag iris and cat-tails



  • A 100 years ago the town was know for milling mostly at Arnes Mill

  • The local economy is agriculture

  • Home of ….

    • Malt-O-Meal

    • St Olaf college

    • Carleton college



  • St. Olaf college (patron saint of Norway)

    • It’s known for it’s music programs

    • O. E. Rolvaag

      • Patron of saint at St. Olaf

      • Wrote Giants in the Earth

        • It’s remarkable novel about life on the prairies

    • Howard V. Hong and Edna H Kierkegaard library

      • The library has some of the best philosophy resources around



  • Carelton

    • founded in 1866 by New England congregationalists

    • On the list for top ten small school in the state

    • Famous alumnus T. Veblen

      • Founder of institutional economics

        • Economic transactions are affected by social habits and legal institutions

Big stone lake

Big Stone Lake

  • The shores are coated with exposed bedrock

    • Granite

    • gneiss

    • left behind by glacial Lake Agassiz

Big stone lake1

Big Stone Lake

  • The landscape here is spotted with small towns few and far between

  • The area is know for

    • Hiking and camping

    • Fishing

      • Great Walleye area

    • Boating

      • Rentals are available

Big stone lake2

Big Stone Lake

  • Used to be a sight for canning corn

  • Annual Corn festival

    • Held on the first couple of days in September

    • First one was held in 1931

      • The corn for the festival was donated by the local canning company

Works cited

Works cited

  • http://www.wolf.org/wolves/visit/visitingely.asp

  • http://www.mindat.org/sitegallery.php?loc=167402

  • http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/2005/09/19_robertsont_wildrice/

  • http://oodlekadoodleprimitives.blogspot.com/2009/09/creamy-minnesota-wild-rice-soup-breads.html

  • http://www.search.com/reference/Paul_Bunyan

  • http://movingtofreedom.org/2007/06/11/at-the-blue-ox-market/

  • http://www.wishboneresort.com/cass_lake.html

  • http://redcrowqualitygoods.blogspot.com/2008/12/want-redwing-boots.html

  • http://www.mnhs.org/school/online/communities/landscapes/RIVpho3T.htm

  • http://ie.culturalcare.com/explore/explore.aspx?name=Minnesota@23

Works cited cont

Works cited(cont.)

  • http://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/horticulture/components/3238a.html#wet

  • http://www.lakecountryjournal.com/node/231

  • http://www.minnesotawildflowers.info/page/flowers-by-color

  • http://www.sportsmansconnection.com

  • http://thealdertree.wordpress.com/

  • http://minnemom.com/2009/08/20/hull-rust-mahoning-mine-in-hibbing-minnesota/

  • http://www.exploremississippibluffs.com/

  • http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/state_parks/great_river_bluffs/narrative.html

  • http://www.visitusa.com/minnesota/photos/minnesota-minnesota-valley-state-park.htm

  • http://keithmcd.com/blog/2011/06/18/minnesota-marriage-amendment/

  • http://www.ortonville.net/

  • http://www.lehighvalleylive.com/events/index.ssf/2009/08/10_things_to_do_this_week_2.html

  • http://attractions.uptake.com/blog/grundy-county-corn-festival-morris-illinois-5544.html

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