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Announcements. Papers – begin preliminary research now Exams back Wednesday (Lord willing) Continue to take advantage of review sessions Psalm 18:47 (Hebrew) HAI ADONAI UVARUKH TZURI (2X) Lives The LORD and blessed (is) my Rock VEYARUM ELOHEI YESHU’ATI (2X)

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announcements
Announcements
  • Papers – begin preliminary research now
  • Exams back Wednesday (Lord willing)
  • Continue to take advantage of review sessions
  • Psalm 18:47 (Hebrew)
  • HAI ADONAI UVARUKH TZURI (2X)
  • Lives The LORD and blessed (is) my Rock
  • VEYARUM ELOHEI YESHU’ATI (2X)
  • And may He be exalted the God of My salvation
review questions
Review Questions
  • What is the Deuteronomic History?
  • What are the implications of the term herem?
  • Why is it important to recognize that the conquest recorded in Joshua did not result in an immediate occupation?
  • What did the people promise at the end of the book of Joshua?
the major judges

The Major Judges

What Questions Do These Narratives Raise?

the second generation problem judges 2 10 19
The “Second Generation” ProblemJudges 2:10-19
  • Apostasy - idolatry
  • Oppression
  • Repentance
  • Deliverance
  • Repetition
  • This is the primary message of the book. It uses incidents from Israel’s early history in the land to teach an important lesson. Judges does not necessarily present a chronological history.
geo political circumstances
Geo-political circumstances
  • No major international enemies – Egyptians and Hittites battled each other but that did not affect Israel
  • Oppression from neighboring (Moab, Philistia) and nomadic (Amalekites, Midianites) peoples
  • Tribal unity basically self-contained; no central rule
messages of the book
Messages of the book
  • Disobedience of the people brought punishment from the Lord – a recurring theme of the DH (“Israel did evil in the eyes of the Lord”)
  • Set the stage for the establishment of the kingship (DH – focus on the tribe of Judah)
  • Emphasis on the sovereignty of God – who used flawed individuals often in spite of themselves
major judges hebr 11 32 33
Major Judges (Hebr 11:32,33)
  • Deborah and Barak
  • Gideon
  • Jephthah
  • Samson
  • There are two additional “major” judges (Othniel and Ehud) and six minor ones – twelve altogether.
  • Note the prominence of women in the book.
deborah and barak
Deborah and Barak
  • Note locations of Deborah and Barak
  • Hazor
  • Mt. Tabor
  • Kishon Brook
  • Tribes of Naphtali and Zebulon
deborah and barak judges 4 5
Deborah and Barak (Judges 4-5)
  • Israel’s apostasy
  • Jabin, king of Hazor, and his general, Sisera
  • Deliverers were Deborah and Barak
    • Deborah was a prophet and judge – authority
    • Barak suffered from lack of courage
  • Courage of Jael
  • The battle in the Jezreel Valley
  • Victory celebrated in poetry
gideon
Gideon
  • Tribe of Manasseh
  • Midianites, Amalekites and other eastern peoples
  • Gaza
  • Spring of Harod
  • Mt. Moreh
gideon judges 6 8
Gideon (Judges 6-8)
  • Israel’s apostasy
  • Oppressors were Midianites, Amalekites, other eastern peoples
  • Deliverer was Gideon
    • Visit of the angel of the LORD
    • The sign(s) and his need for encouragement
  • Victory – but tainted by tensions between “east and west”
  • Gideon’s weaknesses
  • The aftermath – Abimelekh and Jotham
jephthah
Jephthah
  • Philistines
  • Ammonites
jephthah judges 10 6 12 13
Jephthah (Judges 10:6-12:13)
  • Severe apostasy of Israel
  • Oppressors – Philistines and Ammonites
  • Deliverer was Jephthah
    • His identity and “call”
    • His rash vow
  • The victory
  • The aftermath
    • The vow fulfilled
    • Intertribal warfare
samson
Samson
  • Tribe of Dan
  • Philistines
  • Timnah, Zorah, Eshtaol
  • Ashkelon
  • Gaza
samson judges 13 16
Samson (Judges 13-16)
  • Apostasy and oppression from the Philistines
  • The deliverer
    • A Nazirite (cf Num 6) who did not take the vow seriously
    • Samson’ weaknesses (Philistine women; his spirit of vengeance)
  • A series of victories in spite of character flaws
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