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Announcements. Papers – begin preliminary research now Exams back Wednesday (Lord willing) Continue to take advantage of review sessions Psalm 18:47 (Hebrew) HAIADONAIUVARUKHTZURI (2X) LivesThe LORDand blessed (is)my Rock VEYARUMELOHEIYESHU’ATI(2X)

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Announcements

Announcements

  • Papers – begin preliminary research now

  • Exams back Wednesday (Lord willing)

  • Continue to take advantage of review sessions

  • Psalm 18:47 (Hebrew)

  • HAIADONAIUVARUKHTZURI (2X)

  • LivesThe LORDand blessed (is)my Rock

  • VEYARUMELOHEIYESHU’ATI(2X)

  • And may He be exaltedthe God ofMy salvation


Review questions

Review Questions

  • What is the Deuteronomic History?

  • What are the implications of the term herem?

  • Why is it important to recognize that the conquest recorded in Joshua did not result in an immediate occupation?

  • What did the people promise at the end of the book of Joshua?


The major judges

The Major Judges

What Questions Do These Narratives Raise?


The second generation problem judges 2 10 19

The “Second Generation” ProblemJudges 2:10-19

  • Apostasy - idolatry

  • Oppression

  • Repentance

  • Deliverance

  • Repetition

  • This is the primary message of the book. It uses incidents from Israel’s early history in the land to teach an important lesson. Judges does not necessarily present a chronological history.


Geo political circumstances

Geo-political circumstances

  • No major international enemies – Egyptians and Hittites battled each other but that did not affect Israel

  • Oppression from neighboring (Moab, Philistia) and nomadic (Amalekites, Midianites) peoples

  • Tribal unity basically self-contained; no central rule


The geo political context

The geo-political context


Messages of the book

Messages of the book

  • Disobedience of the people brought punishment from the Lord – a recurring theme of the DH (“Israel did evil in the eyes of the Lord”)

  • Set the stage for the establishment of the kingship (DH – focus on the tribe of Judah)

  • Emphasis on the sovereignty of God – who used flawed individuals often in spite of themselves


Major judges hebr 11 32 33

Major Judges (Hebr 11:32,33)

  • Deborah and Barak

  • Gideon

  • Jephthah

  • Samson

  • There are two additional “major” judges (Othniel and Ehud) and six minor ones – twelve altogether.

  • Note the prominence of women in the book.


Deborah and barak

Deborah and Barak

  • Note locations of Deborah and Barak

  • Hazor

  • Mt. Tabor

  • Kishon Brook

  • Tribes of Naphtali and Zebulon


Deborah and barak judges 4 5

Deborah and Barak (Judges 4-5)

  • Israel’s apostasy

  • Jabin, king of Hazor, and his general, Sisera

  • Deliverers were Deborah and Barak

    • Deborah was a prophet and judge – authority

    • Barak suffered from lack of courage

  • Courage of Jael

  • The battle in the Jezreel Valley

  • Victory celebrated in poetry


Gideon

Gideon

  • Tribe of Manasseh

  • Midianites, Amalekites and other eastern peoples

  • Gaza

  • Spring of Harod

  • Mt. Moreh


Wine press

Wine Press


Gideon judges 6 8

Gideon (Judges 6-8)

  • Israel’s apostasy

  • Oppressors were Midianites, Amalekites, other eastern peoples

  • Deliverer was Gideon

    • Visit of the angel of the LORD

    • The sign(s) and his need for encouragement

  • Victory – but tainted by tensions between “east and west”

  • Gideon’s weaknesses

  • The aftermath – Abimelekh and Jotham


Jephthah

Jephthah

  • Philistines

  • Ammonites


Jephthah1

Jephthah


Jephthah judges 10 6 12 13

Jephthah (Judges 10:6-12:13)

  • Severe apostasy of Israel

  • Oppressors – Philistines and Ammonites

  • Deliverer was Jephthah

    • His identity and “call”

    • His rash vow

  • The victory

  • The aftermath

    • The vow fulfilled

    • Intertribal warfare


Samson

Samson

  • Tribe of Dan

  • Philistines

  • Timnah, Zorah, Eshtaol

  • Ashkelon

  • Gaza


Samson judges 13 16

Samson (Judges 13-16)

  • Apostasy and oppression from the Philistines

  • The deliverer

    • A Nazirite (cf Num 6) who did not take the vow seriously

    • Samson’ weaknesses (Philistine women; his spirit of vengeance)

  • A series of victories in spite of character flaws


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