Land grabbing in eastern europe the former su and central asia
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Land Grabbing in Eastern Europe the former SU and Central Asia. Competing Views and Strategies on Global Land Grabbing – Side-event on the occassion of the 36th session of the World Committee on Food Security, co-organized with IPC & TNI Oane Visser Radboud University Nijmegen, NL Max Spoor

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Land Grabbing in Eastern Europe the former SU and Central Asia

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Land Grabbing in Eastern Europe the former SU and Central Asia

Competing Views and Strategies on Global Land Grabbing – Side-event on the occassion of the 36th session of the World Committee on Food Security, co-organized with IPC & TNI

Oane Visser

Radboud University Nijmegen, NL

Max Spoor

Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, NL


Introduction

Land grabbing debate:

  • focus on Africa,also Latin-America, Asia.

  • ignorance of post-Soviet Eurasia


Introduction (2): Post-Soviet Eurasia

  • Focus on: Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan

  • Large deals

  • Central questions:

    • What is the magnitude of the process?

    • What kind of investors are involved?

    • What are the socio-economic consequences? (esp. access to land)


Propects for agriculture in the region

  • Short term:

    • abundance of unused & underutilized land

    • low land prices

    • potential for sharp increase in yields

    • infrastructure (Black-Earth, Siberia)

  • Long term:

    • climate change

    • water resources


Land acquisitions:

  • Domestic investors:

    • 1990s: privatisation, economic decline

    • End 1990s/ early 2000s: energy companies

    • 2002 onwards: industrial & trade companies

  • Type of international investors:

    • Ukraine & European Russia: Western companies, Gulf countries

    • Siberia & Kazakhstan: Asian countries (China, S-Korea, Japan)

    • Difference in strategy (type of investor, workforce)

  • Magnitude:

    • large-scale land acquisitions (Domestic, International)


Tensions and downsides:

  • Ownership issues

    • 1990s privatisation: rural population got land rights, but farm units remained large-scale

      • No physical distribution, registration, contracts

    • Land code: rush for land

    • Semi-legal lease and ownership

    • Illegal land acquisitions

    • More secure ownership rights as solution?


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