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Alternative energy for shipping in Nordic waters. Hanna Paradis Reykjavik, 2014-08-28. SSPA Sweden AB. Knowledge based maritime consultancy since 1940. SSPA Sweden AB. Providing maritime consultancy services on a worldwide basis since 1940

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Alternative energy for shipping in Nordic waters

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Alternative energy for shipping in nordic waters

Alternative energy for shipping in Nordic waters

Hanna Paradis

Reykjavik, 2014-08-28

Alternative energy for shipping in nordic waters

SSPA Sweden AB.

Knowledge based maritime consultancy since 1940

Alternative energy for shipping in nordic waters

SSPA Sweden AB.

  • Providing maritime consultancy services on a worldwide basis since 1940

  • Independent consulting company, fully owned by the Foundation Chalmers University of Technology. Owns 50% of Flowtech AB

  • Main clients; Maritime operators and ship yard industry, energy companies, industry, ports, authorities, European Commission, IMO, EMSA

  • 20% internationally funded research

  • 110 employees

Bridge betweentheory and practice….

Our capabilities

Our capabilities

Marine operations and simulations


Port and coastal planning

Ship design

Risk and safety

Intermodal transport systems

Alternative futures for shipping

Alternative futures for shipping

Shipping has used many different sources of energy

Oil has dominated the last century, it’s now time to look for new types of fuel. Driven by:

Environmental concerns – new regulations

Increased oil prices

New technologies

Environmental regulations


Source, DNV, 2014

Global emission control areas

Global Emission Control Areas?

Fuel price hfo mgo lng

Fuelprice – HFO, MGO, LNG

Price development of methanol

Price developmentofmethanol

Compliance strategies



+ Aftertreatment


(Low Sulphur fuel)

as fuel


as fuel


as fuel

Mgo and low sulphur oils

MGO and lowsulphuroils

  • Price developmentof MGO is predictedtorise (EIA).

  • Oilcompanies and refineryowners, for example Swedish Preem, areworkingtodeliverlow-sulphuroilblendsto the market before 1.1.2015, mostprobablystrategicallypricedslightlybelow MGO alternatives.

  • To complywithupcoming NOXregulations, EGR or SCR technologyneedsto be installed on board ships.

L ng case study

LNG casestudy

  • Currently 49 ships in operation, 61 in orderbook and >100 projectsdiscussed (DNVGL, 2014)

  • Liquidmethanecanalso be produced from bio feedstockforming LBG

  • Safety record satisfying

  • New infrastructureinvestmentsrequired for small scale distribution networks.

  • Questionoffuture LNG bunker pricedevelopments.

  • LNG in four-stroke technologiescomplieswithfuture SOX and NOX emissions capswithout extra abatementtechnologies.

  • Cryogenicstorage tanks demanded on board vessel

Lng small scale distribution

LNG – small scale distribution

Source: DNVGL

Lng case study viking grace

LNG casestudy – Viking Grace

Photo courtesy Viking line

Lng case study baltic so 2 lution

LNG casestudy – Baltic SO2lution

  • Fournewbuilt tanker vessels, firstto be delivered in 2016.

  • First installation of 2-stroke-engine technology for LNG complyingwithupcoming NOX and SOX requirements.

Lng case study midway alignment

LNG casestudy – Midway Alignment

Methanol case study


  • Global commodity (55 million tons annually)

  • Can be produced from variousfeedstock

  • Exiting global infrastructure

  • Liquid at roomtemperature, can be stored in similar tank on board and ashore as oilproducts

  • Similarreductions in air emissions as LNG (CO2, NOX, SOX, PM)

  • Retrofits needsignificantly less adjustmentthan LNG

  • Toxic

  • Question on pricedevelopment for marine market

  • Todaylarge retrofits and newbuildsplanned, but still in trial stages

Methanol case study spireth project

Methanolcasestudy – Spirethproject

Methanol case study stena germanica conversion

Methanolcasestudy – Stena Germanicaconversion

Stena Germanica

Length 240 m

Breadth28,7 m

Draught6,15 m

Cargo Capacity4000 lane meters

Passenger capacity1300

Main engines4 x Wärtsila 8ZAL40S, 6000 kW

Scrubber case study


  • Continueduseofheavyfueloils

  • Aftertreatmentoffuelgasesextractssulphur

  • Additionaltechniquesneededto minimise NOXlevels in outlet gases

  • Flexible solution suitable for shipswithoutfixed bunkering points over time

  • Technicallycomplicated, bothregarding the scrubberitself and technically for the ship

Scrubber case study dfds

Scrubbercasestudy- DFDS

Thank you


Hanna Paradis

SSPA Sweden AB

+46 730 722 91 28

Additional pages on alternative energy

Additional pages on Alternative energy

Methanol case study1


  • Rules are in place for methanol in the IMO IGF –code and Class rules ( LR & DnV)

  • Low flashpoint fuel like LNG

  • FlashpointMethanol + 11 C.

  • FlaspointLNG -188 C.

  • Self ignition Methanol+ 465 C.

  • Self ignition LNG+ 595 C.

  • Infrastructure and safety similar to ethanol and petrol

  • Liquid –no high pressure or cryogenic storage required

Scrubber case study pilot scrubber

Scrubbercasestudy – Pilot scrubber

  • Installation, evaluation and demonstration of a new generation, innovative lightweight scrubber technology in full scale on existing Ro-Ro vessels TransAtlanticTranspaper type and WagenborgSchieborg, operating in the Baltic Sea and in the North Sea.

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