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Semantic Tools for Arts Research: A Case Study in ICTs and the Research Process in the Creative and Performing Arts. Angela Piccini University of Bristol. PARIP Explorer background.

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Semantic Tools for Arts Research:A Case Study in ICTs and the Research Process in the Creative and Performing Arts

Angela Piccini

University of Bristol

parip explorer background
PARIP Explorer background
  • Identify the range of mixed-mode research practices in UK and selected international higher education institutions and produce a database of these materials for use by the communities.
the user problem in 2001
The user problem in 2001:
  • Difficult to use
  • Blunt searching
  • Lack of connection
  • Centralised classification systems
slide11
2001 vision -The need to visualise relationships rather than reproduce activities as stand-alone initiatives
  • Detailed information about people, practices and places
  • Multiple windows for multimedia streaming
  • User-generated content to allow upload and annotation
  • Aesthetic drive
  • Users wanted a service to make others’ practices available to them
institute for learning and research technology
Institute for Learning and Research Technology
  • Sarah Agarwal, Ben Joyner, Libby Miller, Simon Price
home pages typically said things such as
Home pages typically said things such as:
  • My name is...
  • I work for...
  • I\'m interested in...
  • I live near...
  • My blog is...
  • I write in this weblog...
  • You can see me in this picture...
slide14
FOAFhttp://rdfweb.org/foaf/
  • Semantic Web http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/
  • RDF/XMLhttp://esw.w3.org/topic/RdfXmlSyntax
slide15

Semantic web technologies could be used in many ways to transform the functionality of the web:

    • rich metadata for media and content to improve search and management;
    • rich descriptions of web services to improve discovery and composition;
    • common access wrappers for information systems to simplify integration of disparate systems;
    • common lingua franca for exchange of semantically rich information between active software agents;
slide16

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#

xmlns:dc=http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/

xmlns:foaf=http://xmlns.com/0.1/foaf/ >

<rdf:Description rdf:about=>

<dc:creator rdf:parseType=Resource>

<foaf:name>Sean B. Palmer</foaf:name>

</dc:creator>

<dc:title>The Semantic Web: An Introduction</dc:title>

</rdf:Description>

</rdf:RDF>

2004 user engagement
Person

Institution

Web presence

Company

Biographies

Practice/discipline

Project info

Documentation

RAE submissions

Teaching

PhD supervision

Venues

Dates

Collaborators

Research themes

Research outcomes

Process/devising

Equipment

Grants

Publications

2004 user-engagement
technical details
Technical Details
  • Implemented in SWI Prolog
  • Database exposed through web service running as multi-threaded SWI Prolog server and runs under Windows, Linux, Solaris and OS-X
  • As webservice accepting SeRQL queries and returning RDF, it exists as freestanding resource
  • Graphical client interface was Flash, as the open source alternative (SVG) does not support word-wrapped text.
parip explorer http parip ilrt org
PARIP Explorerhttp://parip.ilrt.org/
  • Rich data
  • Excessive, dense material
  • Problematizing taxonomy
  • Facilitating collaboration and networking
  • Making infrastructures visible and available
  • Polyphony, translation, fields of practice
locating grid technologies performativity place space
locating grid technologies: performativity, place, space

The ‘Locating Grid Technologies’ workshops (June-October 2006) explored fragmentations of space-time in networked environments by: using the communications grid as a telematic performance environment and as a dissemination tool for other performance forms; using a range of software interfaces within communications grid events to record, annotate and retrieve ‘meetings’; using Semantic Web tools to query that audio-visual archive in such a way as to facilitate its creative re-use on the fly in performance, in programmed installation environments and in virtual working environments.

slide21
Workshop 2 - Connection: PARIP Explorer, Semantic Web and Data Grids for the creative and performing arts and media
  • Participants introduced to Semantic Web, file sharing and intellectual property issues. Emphasis not on the analysis of video data, but rather on how users might annotate archives for creative reuse.
  • RDF workshop: PARIP Explorer + Memetic
  • Issues: important but challenging to connect tools and technologies for diverse users.
ahrc e science
AHRC e-Science
  • Lifecycle of digital media object: create, annotate, re-use
  • Leeds/Bedford/Manchester/OU
  • Thrive: Watershed Media Centre, Arnolfini, Spike Island, Picture This, Architecture Centre
  • JISC
http www ilrt bris ac uk whatwedo projectsaz project search stars http stars ilrt bris ac uk blog
http://www.ilrt.bris.ac.uk/whatwedo/projectsaz/project?search=STARShttp://stars.ilrt.bris.ac.uk/blog/http://www.ilrt.bris.ac.uk/whatwedo/projectsaz/project?search=STARShttp://stars.ilrt.bris.ac.uk/blog/
slide25

Aim: to create a tool to facilitate querying of distributed online resources for use in real-time, on-the-fly, in practice-as-research, professional and community-generated arts practices — in both static and mobile contexts.

slide26
user-created folksonomies as well as pre-defined static ontologies;
  • location-aware GUI;
  • annotating media to enable time-based searching within av, according to user-generated concepts in addition to screen media conventions
  • annotated relationships among text, people, institutions, media to add meaning to those links
  • editable pro-forma questions to spark high-level queries
  • facetted browsing
  • Collaboration with dShed – Bristol Stories, Electric December
from parip explorer technology
From PARIP Explorer technology:
  • Migrated from SWI Prolog to Java - better environment for development and sustainability.
  • SPARQL now the standards-based RDF query language. Moved to using this from SeRQL.
  • Removed Flash, and now using modern frameworks (Google Web Toolkit) to provide high levels of user interactivity using HTML and Javascript.
  • Providing REST-based web services (representational state transfer) to allow publishing interfaces that other third-party applications could use to utilise our data.
  • Planning for Google Maps type widget to allow visual co-location and user augmentation of resources
  • Next stages: automated metadata generation; interface to mobile devices
next steps
Next steps
  • Your involvement?
  • December workshop
  • Spring engagement exercises – online and face-to-face
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