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Industrial Revolution. Cade Waddell, Bradley Pruitt, Scotty Cortez, T.J. Thomas, Shane Stiles 3 rd Period. Industrial Revolution: Where and When. Occurred around the world especially in Great Britain and the U.S. Took place during the mid 1700s and the early 1800s.

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Industrial revolution

Industrial Revolution

Cade Waddell, Bradley Pruitt,

Scotty Cortez, T.J. Thomas,

Shane Stiles

3rd Period


Industrial revolution where and when
Industrial Revolution: Where and When

  • Occurred around the world especially in Great Britain and the U.S.

  • Took place during the mid 1700s and the early 1800s


The industrial revolution s effect
The Industrial Revolution’s Effect

  • Many materials we use today were created during the industrial revolution.

  • The Industrial Revolution made technology advance to modern times.

  • We now use assembly lines , but back then they didn’t even know such a thing existed because it didn’t.


Term industrial revolution
Term: Industrial Revolution

  • The word “Industrial Revolution” was first used to describe a dramatic and technologically changing period of time.

  • This was when some of the most important inventions were created.


Life before the industrial revolution domestic system
Life Before the Industrial Revolution: Domestic System

  • The main job in the domestic system was for women to knit cloth.

  • There were three ways to make cloth: Carding, spinning, or weaving.

  • Most cloth was made of cotton, wool, silk, and flax.


Domestic cottage system conditions
Domestic/Cottage system: Conditions

  • Some merchants bought as many workers as needed.

  • Many workers had trouble staying on schedule.

  • Some merchants owned materials for spinning or weaving.

  • Some workers hired help or trained apprentices .


Women s j obs b efore the industrial revolution
Women's Jobs Before the Industrial revolution

  • Before the industrial revolution women worked in the sewing business.

  • They often repaired repaired clothes when they were torn to keep for longer periods of time.


Coal cutting machine
Coal-Cutting Machine

  • In 1760 W. Brown invented the first coal-cutting machine.

  • It is powered by horses.

  • It could cut more then a man.


Sewing machines
Sewing Machines

  • sewing machines

  • In 1830 D. Thornier

    (France) designed the first true sewing machines.


Spinning jenny
Spinning Jenny

  • In 1767 James Heresies invented the spinning jenny.

  • It could spin more than 16 at a time.


Water frame
Water Frame

  • In 1769 R. Arkwright patented the water frame.

  • This made the process of cleaning the water much faster.


Snap fastener
Snap Fastener

  • In 1901 G. Abraham (France) designed a snap faster.

  • This made fastening clothes quick and easy.


Safety pin
Safety Pin

  • In 1949 W. Hunt (U.S.A.) invented the modern safety pin.

  • It has a spring on it.


Typewriter
Typewriter

  • In 1808 P. Terri (Italy) designed the first known typewriter.

  • It help blind people write more easily.

  • 1874 C. Shaesand C. Glidden (U.S.A.) produced the first modern typewriter.


Cutting with sharp b lades
Cutting with Sharp Blades

  • In 1863 T. Harrison designed a cutting with sharp blades driven by air.


Steam engine
Steam Engine

  • In 1763 James Watts built a better version of the steam engine.

  • The one in the front gets hot while the barrel one in the back cools.


Rocking beam e ngine
Rocking-Beam Engine

  • In 1712 Thomas Newcomer destined a better pump.

  • It sat at the top of the mine.

  • It pump water out of the top the mine.


Benefits of industrial revolution
Benefits of Industrial Revolution

  • Gas Lighting- Its introduction allowed night life to flourish in cities and towns. As interiors and streets could be lighted on a larger scale than before.

  • Glass Making- A new method of producing glass, known as cylinder process. Was developed during the early 19th Century.

  • Transportation- The Industrial Revolution improved Britain's transport infra structure with a turnpike road network, a canal and waterway network, and a railway network.


Problems of industrial revolution
Problems of Industrial Revolution

  • Child Labor- At the time there was no education for most children and it was expected that by the age of seven.

  • Danger in the Workplace- Factories were equally hazardous. There workers hunched over their machines for hours.


Problems of industrial revolution1
Problems of Industrial Revolution

  • Women at Work- The wealthy women of the upper classes did not need to work unless they became impoverished following the death of their husband or father.


Danger in workplace
Danger in Workplace

  • The Factories were equally hazardous.

  • There, Workers were hunched over in dim light and poorly heated rooms.


Punishment in factories
Punishment in Factories

  • Children who worked long hours in the mills found it hard to maintain speed.

  • Children were hit by straps to make them work faster.

  • Children were also punished for arriving late at work.


Working hours in factories
Working Hours in Factories

  • You had to work as long as you could see.

  • There were no watches and no time in the mills.

  • You only get a penny an hour.


Value of money
Value of Money

  • Money was worth more in Dickens time than it is today.

  • One pound in Dickens time would be worth $75 today.

  • A few farmers were rich.


Government roles
Government Roles

  • If living conditions were unsanitary and over crowded, Working conditions were worse.

  • By 1833, The government passed a law dealing with working conditions.


Factory system
Factory System

  • In 1750 most people in manufacturing worked in their own homes or in small workshops.

  • The fear of the poor was to be sent to the workhouse.

  • After the Industrial Revolution most people worked in factories.


Types of trade
Types of Trade

  • Adults and children worked in factories.

  • Children had to be at least 9 years old

  • Many people opened shops and started businesses to provide goods for Victorian people


jobs

  • Coal Porters - men who unloaded coal from ships at wharf-side. They also delivered the coal to houses.

  • Crossing sweeper - brushed away the mud and dust that collected on the streets

  • Pack men-a traveling peddler who sold linen goods for ladies


Factories in the victorian period
Factories in the Victorian Period

  • Children had to work.

  • Working conditions were poorly heated with very little lighting.

  • Workers inhaled chemicals.

  • Conditions were dangerous.

  • Factories were hot in the summer and too cold in the winter.


Factories t oday
Factories Today

  • Factories to day have appropriate heating and lights. Children are not allowed to work. Regulations require safer work places. We also have air conditioning and fans.


Then and now
Then and now

  • Did not give us breaks. We are now given breaks. They had very hard work. Now work is not as hard. Not as many supplies. We have more supplies.


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