Industrial revolution
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Industrial Revolution. Cade Waddell, Bradley Pruitt, Scotty Cortez, T.J. Thomas, Shane Stiles 3 rd Period. Industrial Revolution: Where and When. Occurred around the world especially in Great Britain and the U.S. Took place during the mid 1700s and the early 1800s.

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Industrial Revolution

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Industrial Revolution

Cade Waddell, Bradley Pruitt,

Scotty Cortez, T.J. Thomas,

Shane Stiles

3rd Period


Industrial Revolution: Where and When

  • Occurred around the world especially in Great Britain and the U.S.

  • Took place during the mid 1700s and the early 1800s


The Industrial Revolution’s Effect

  • Many materials we use today were created during the industrial revolution.

  • The Industrial Revolution made technology advance to modern times.

  • We now use assembly lines , but back then they didn’t even know such a thing existed because it didn’t.


Term: Industrial Revolution

  • The word “Industrial Revolution” was first used to describe a dramatic and technologically changing period of time.

  • This was when some of the most important inventions were created.


Life Before the Industrial Revolution: Domestic System

  • The main job in the domestic system was for women to knit cloth.

  • There were three ways to make cloth: Carding, spinning, or weaving.

  • Most cloth was made of cotton, wool, silk, and flax.


Domestic/Cottage system: Conditions

  • Some merchants bought as many workers as needed.

  • Many workers had trouble staying on schedule.

  • Some merchants owned materials for spinning or weaving.

  • Some workers hired help or trained apprentices .


Women's Jobs Before the Industrial revolution

  • Before the industrial revolution women worked in the sewing business.

  • They often repaired repaired clothes when they were torn to keep for longer periods of time.


Coal-Cutting Machine

  • In 1760 W. Brown invented the first coal-cutting machine.

  • It is powered by horses.

  • It could cut more then a man.


Sewing Machines

  • sewing machines

  • In 1830 D. Thornier

    (France) designed the first true sewing machines.


Spinning Jenny

  • In 1767 James Heresies invented the spinning jenny.

  • It could spin more than 16 at a time.


Water Frame

  • In 1769 R. Arkwright patented the water frame.

  • This made the process of cleaning the water much faster.


Snap Fastener

  • In 1901 G. Abraham (France) designed a snap faster.

  • This made fastening clothes quick and easy.


Safety Pin

  • In 1949 W. Hunt (U.S.A.) invented the modern safety pin.

  • It has a spring on it.


Typewriter

  • In 1808 P. Terri (Italy) designed the first known typewriter.

  • It help blind people write more easily.

  • 1874 C. Shaesand C. Glidden (U.S.A.) produced the first modern typewriter.


Cutting with Sharp Blades

  • In 1863 T. Harrison designed a cutting with sharp blades driven by air.


Steam Engine

  • In 1763 James Watts built a better version of the steam engine.

  • The one in the front gets hot while the barrel one in the back cools.


Rocking-Beam Engine

  • In 1712 Thomas Newcomer destined a better pump.

  • It sat at the top of the mine.

  • It pump water out of the top the mine.


Benefits of Industrial Revolution

  • Gas Lighting- Its introduction allowed night life to flourish in cities and towns. As interiors and streets could be lighted on a larger scale than before.

  • Glass Making- A new method of producing glass, known as cylinder process. Was developed during the early 19th Century.

  • Transportation- The Industrial Revolution improved Britain's transport infra structure with a turnpike road network, a canal and waterway network, and a railway network.


Problems of Industrial Revolution

  • Child Labor- At the time there was no education for most children and it was expected that by the age of seven.

  • Danger in the Workplace- Factories were equally hazardous. There workers hunched over their machines for hours.


Problems of Industrial Revolution

  • Women at Work- The wealthy women of the upper classes did not need to work unless they became impoverished following the death of their husband or father.


Danger in Workplace

  • The Factories were equally hazardous.

  • There, Workers were hunched over in dim light and poorly heated rooms.


Punishment in Factories

  • Children who worked long hours in the mills found it hard to maintain speed.

  • Children were hit by straps to make them work faster.

  • Children were also punished for arriving late at work.


Working Hours in Factories

  • You had to work as long as you could see.

  • There were no watches and no time in the mills.

  • You only get a penny an hour.


Value of Money

  • Money was worth more in Dickens time than it is today.

  • One pound in Dickens time would be worth $75 today.

  • A few farmers were rich.


Government Roles

  • If living conditions were unsanitary and over crowded, Working conditions were worse.

  • By 1833, The government passed a law dealing with working conditions.


Factory System

  • In 1750 most people in manufacturing worked in their own homes or in small workshops.

  • The fear of the poor was to be sent to the workhouse.

  • After the Industrial Revolution most people worked in factories.


Types of Trade

  • Adults and children worked in factories.

  • Children had to be at least 9 years old

  • Many people opened shops and started businesses to provide goods for Victorian people


jobs

  • Coal Porters - men who unloaded coal from ships at wharf-side. They also delivered the coal to houses.

  • Crossing sweeper - brushed away the mud and dust that collected on the streets

  • Pack men-a traveling peddler who sold linen goods for ladies


Factories in the Victorian Period

  • Children had to work.

  • Working conditions were poorly heated with very little lighting.

  • Workers inhaled chemicals.

  • Conditions were dangerous.

  • Factories were hot in the summer and too cold in the winter.


Factories Today

  • Factories to day have appropriate heating and lights. Children are not allowed to work. Regulations require safer work places. We also have air conditioning and fans.


Then and now

  • Did not give us breaks. We are now given breaks. They had very hard work. Now work is not as hard. Not as many supplies. We have more supplies.


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