Understanding Code Status Course: Assessing and Improving the Understanding of DNR/DNI among Medical...
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Understanding Code Status Course: Assessing and Improving the Understanding of DNR/DNI among Medical Students and Residents Aroonsiri (June)Sangarlangkarn 1 , MD, MPH, Margaret Drickamer 2 , MD 1 Yale Internal Medicine Residency Program, New Haven and Waterbury, CT

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Understanding Code Status Course: Assessing and Improving the Understanding of DNR/DNI among Medical Students and Residents

Aroonsiri (June)Sangarlangkarn1, MD, MPH, Margaret Drickamer2, MD

1Yale Internal Medicine Residency Program, New Haven and Waterbury, CT

2Department of Geriatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT

INTRODUCTION

RESULTS

  • Many studies demonstrate continued deficiencies in physicians’ education about end-of-life care (ACGME, ABIM)

  • There is limited literature on how health care providers understand the meaning and ramifications of DNR/DNI

  • There is limited literature on validated teaching tools on the ramifications of DNR/DNI on patient care for health care providers

  • Our study aims to assess:

    • The understanding of DNR/DNI among physicians in training

    • The efficacy of case-based learning in code status education

METHODS

  • Case-based learning course:

    • Similar format as Yale Office-Based Medicine Curriculum – literature-based interactive course that provides an evidence-based approach to clinical practice used by residency programs across the US

    • Three challenging end-of-life cases focusing on DNR/not DNI patients, reversibility, futility

  • Qualitative surveys:

    • September-October 2011, before and after case-based learning course administered at noon conference attended by medical students and residents as part of Yale School of Medicine internal medicine rotations

    • Evaluate improvements in responses using exact Mcnemar test

  • Survey content:

    • DNI section: What can you give a DNI patient who has a pulse but is in respiratory failure? (check all that apply)

    • DNR section: What can you give a DNR patient in cardiopulmonary arrest? (check all that apply)

    • Adequate understanding of what DNR/DNI means?: 5 (strongly agree) to 1 (strongly disagree)

    • Would you recommend this course to others?: 5 (strongly agree) to 1 (strongly disagree)

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION

  • Many physicians in training fail to offer manual lung inflation and NPPV to DNI patients in respiratory distress. After the course, participants are 11 times more likely to correctly offer manual lung inflation to DNI patients in respiratory distress.

  • Many physicians in training would provide contraindicated interventions to DNR patients in cardiopulmonary arrest. After the course, participants are 9 times more likely to correctly forego antiarrhythmic agents such as Amiodarone in DNR patients with cardiopulmonary arrest.

  • There was 0.93 point increase in participants who reported adequate understanding of DNR/DNI after the course (p=0.000). While 7% of the participants feel neutral, 93% would recommend the course to others.

  • Physicians in training may benefit from education on code statuses, particularly case-based learning which may improve their understanding of DNR/DNI and enhance the quality of end-of-life discussions

REFERENCES

  •  Blank LL. Overview on ABIM end-of-life patient care project: caring for the dying: identification and promotion of physician competency. Hosp J 1998;13: 145-50

  • Weissman DE et al. ACGME Requirements for End-of-life Training in Selected Residency and Fellowship Programs: A Status Report. Acad Med 2002;77:299-304


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