Vocab 11b
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Vocab 11B. 9 th Grade Literature and Composition. Controversial. – adj. causing argument; contentious, provocative. The news story about the senator was so controversial that it caused the reporter who wrote it to lose his job. . Clarity. – n. clearness of expression; lucidity.

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Vocab 11B

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Vocab 11B

9th Grade Literature and Composition


  • – adj.

  • causing argument; contentious, provocative.

  • The news story about the senator was so controversial that it caused the reporter who wrote it to lose his job.


  • – n.

  • clearness of expression; lucidity.

  • The opposite of ambiguity is clarity; always use clarity in your writing!


  • – adj.

  • put something in the wrong location; erroneous.

  • A misplaced comma could lead to disaster.


  • – n.

  • word that describes or qualifies another.

  • I wish you wouldn’t use those kinds of modifiers to characterize my shoes; I think they are rather trendy.


  • – v.

  • become involved in a situation; interfere; intrude.

  • When two people are fighting, it is hard to know when to intervene and when to let them fight it out.


  • - v.

  • reverse arrangement of something; turn over; flip-flop.

  • The wicked witch inverted the hourglass, which gave Dorothy one hour to live.


  • – v.

  • come out, become known; appear; arise.

  • The groundhog emerged from his burrow and saw his shadow, so there will be six more weeks of winter ahead.


  • – adj.

  • gradually building up; increasing.

  • The cumulative exam tested all the skills we had learned in science this year.


  • – n.

  • group of words that contain a subject and a predicate.

  • An independent clause can stand on alone, while a subordinate clause cannot stand alone, but needs an independent clause to support it.


  • – adj.

  • having social significance; connected; pertinent.

  • English is perhaps the most relevant subject to life, since it teaches stories and poems that answer the question, “What is it to be human?”


  • – n.

  • a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound.

  • When I first looked at her shirt, I thought it was just blue, but on second look, I saw all the nuance of color that was there.

  • To solve this puzzle, you need to identify the nuance in the two seemingly identical pictures.


  • – adj.

  • false; deceptive; misleading.

  • Careful of fallacious statements, as they can get you in trouble with their false meanings.

    • “Isaac Newton believed in Alchemy, do you think you know more than Isaac Newton?”

    • “I believe that Frosted Flakes are great because it says so on the Frosted Flakes packaging.”

    • “I saw a crow and a few minutes later I stubbed my toe, therefore, crows are bad luck.”

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