POWER NODES: DOWNTOWNS IN THE PERIPHERY Jim Simmons, Centre for the Study of Commercial Activity, Ryerson University, Toronto Canada. Outline: Three Stages of Commercial Structure A Focus on Power Retail Power Retail in Context Power Nodes The Implications and Future of Power Nodes.
DOWNTOWNS IN THE PERIPHERY
Centre for the Study of Commercial Activity,
Ryerson University, Toronto Canada.
a) Traditional Retail
Small family-owned shops
Highly competitive, but inefficient
Traditional Retail Photo
Large shops, retail chains
Single ownership, anchor store
Based on spatial and sectoral monopolies
Department Store Anchor
Big Box Store: Retail outlets that are typically at least three of more times larger than other stores in the same retail sector, as measured by floor area.
Power Centre: A cluster of three or more big box retailers with a shared parking lot, and perhaps ancillary commercial services such as coffee shops.
Power Node: One power centre with additional big box stores and other power centres and malls within one kilometre radius, typically centred on a major intersection.
Power Centre Photo
Population, 2001 5,297,000
Population, 2009 6,114,000
Population Change 817,000
Growth Rate 15.4 per cent (2001-2009)
Income per capita $31,000 (2006)
Market Income $172.5 billion (2006)
outside Canada 45.7 per cent (2006)
Source: CSCA fieldwork
(Above Average Proportions)
Traditional Retail Apartment Dwellers
Shopping Centres Women
People not Working
Customers who Travel from Home
Power Retail Home Owners
Blue Collar Occupations
Customers who Travel from
other Retail, as Drivers
Source: Centre for the Study of Commercial Activity,
using the Transportation for Tomorrow data.
Popular with young families
Attracts retail investment
Weakens existing town centres
Unattractive to seniors, transit users
Weak Internal structure
Poor links with community
Higher energy costs
Land use restrictions
Higher land costs
Demographic changes (aging, immigration)