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Upper Paleolithic Art. Upper Paleolithic Art. Mobile Small, can be moved from place to place or traded Parietal Paintings on cave walls Large carvings. Mobile Art. The European bison is one of the animals most commonly depicted in paleolithic art.

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Upper paleolithic art1
Upper Paleolithic Art

  • Mobile

    • Small, can be moved from place to place or traded

  • Parietal

    • Paintings on cave walls

    • Large carvings


Mobile art
Mobile Art

  • The European bison is one of the animals most commonly depicted in paleolithic art.

  • These treatments in several media (sandstone, reindeer horn, clay, and limestone) illustrate the sophistication of paleolithic art.

  • Note the similar stylistic treatment of the mane and beard of the bull, which show that artististic conventions were passed from generation to generation.





Imagery
Imagery

  • This baton or staff, found at Mas-d'Azil, France, is particularly intriguing and almost demands interpretation.

  • This "baton" is of reindeer horn carved into the shapes of three horse heads--two live horses, either a mare and stallion or a colt and adult horse--and a flayed skull of a dead horse.

  • Is this a depiction of the highly abstract idea of the cycle of life from juvenile stage to death? The carving demands to be "read" and interpreted.


Venus figurines
Venus Figurines

  • Female statuettes, sometimes called "Venus" figurines, have been found at a number of European sites.

  • The female head at is rendered in a highly abstract style compared to animals

  • The plumpness and exaggerated sexual features of many of these figures, along with their faceless anonymity, suggest that they symbolize fertility.


Venus figurines1
Venus Figurines

Venus of Willendorf



Variation in figurines
Variation in Figurines holds what may be an incised bison horn.


Upper paleolithic parietal art
Upper Paleolithic Parietal Art holds what may be an incised bison horn.

  • Lascaux, France

  • Chauvet Cave, France

  • Altamira, Spain

    • All have elaborate paintings and engravings

    • Usually done along certain “themes”

      • ie. Altamira mostly bison

    • Not used for habitation-strictly ceremonial


Methods
Methods holds what may be an incised bison horn.

  • Pigments such as charcoal, red ochre, yellow ochre commonly used.

  • Applied with animal hair brushes, fingers and/or blown through tube.


Distribution of Upper Paleolithic art holds what may be an incised bison horn.

Thin dark blue line: coastline

Thick light blue (cyan) line: glaciation limits

Red tones: mural art

Green tones: portable art


Cave art chronology
Cave Art Chronology holds what may be an incised bison horn.


The paleolithic cave paintings of lascaux ca 17 000 bp
The Paleolithic Cave Paintings of Lascaux holds what may be an incised bison horn. (ca. 17,000 BP)


Great hall of bulls
Great Hall of Bulls holds what may be an incised bison horn.


Great hall of bulls1
Great Hall of Bulls holds what may be an incised bison horn.

Color black dominates the works. A few of the creatures are painted red.


Main gallery
Main Gallery holds what may be an incised bison horn.

Panel of Back to Back Bison

Surrounding surface and style of work creates 3D effect


Main gallery1
Main Gallery holds what may be an incised bison horn.

Panel of the Swimming Stags


Painted gallery
Painted Gallery holds what may be an incised bison horn.

Stag at entrance

Bison towards back


Painted gallery1
Painted Gallery holds what may be an incised bison horn.

“Chinese horse”


Shaft of the dead man
Shaft of the Dead Man holds what may be an incised bison horn.


Axial gallery ibexes
Axial Gallery-Ibexes holds what may be an incised bison horn.


Short clip of lascaux
Short Clip of Lascaux holds what may be an incised bison horn.

http://dordogne-dordogne.com/cave-of-lascaux/


Altamira spain ca 14 18 000 b p
Altamira, Spain holds what may be an incised bison horn. (ca. 14-18,000 B.P.)

  • It is situated in Cantabria province not far from Santander city, on the edge of Santiliana del Mar village.

  • The cave was found by a local hunter, Modesto Peres in 1868.

  • Mostly bison


Altamira spain
Altamira, Spain holds what may be an incised bison horn.


Altamira
Altamira holds what may be an incised bison horn.

  • http://vm.kemsu.ru/en/palaeolith/alt-img2.html


Polychrome bison altamira
Polychrome Bison, Altamira holds what may be an incised bison horn.


Altamira boar
Altamira, boar holds what may be an incised bison horn.


Chauvet cave france ca 32 000 b p
Chauvet Cave, France holds what may be an incised bison horn. (ca. 32,000 B.P.)

  • It is located in the steep side of a cliff in the gorges of the Ardeche, a tributary of the Rhone river.

  • The cave was discovered on the 18th of December 1994 by three speleologists - Jean-Marie Chauvet, Eliette Brunel Deschamps and Christian Hillaire.

  • There is a succession of four big "vestibules" with about or more than 300 paintings. They are in a remarkable state of preservation. At present the paintings are the oldest known.

http://vm.kemsu.ru/en/palaeolith/shove.html


http://donsmaps.com/images3/chauvetfloorplan.jpg holds what may be an incised bison horn.


Chauvex entrance
Chauvex Entrance holds what may be an incised bison horn.


Hyaena and panther
Hyaena and Panther holds what may be an incised bison horn.

http://www.originsnet.org/upgallery1animals/index.htm


Bear skull on rock
Bear skull on rock holds what may be an incised bison horn.

http://www.originsnet.org/upgallery1animals/index.htm


Owl in mud
Owl in mud holds what may be an incised bison horn.

http://www.originsnet.org/upgallery1animals/index.htm


Bison with human legs
Bison with human legs holds what may be an incised bison horn.

http://www.originsnet.org/upgallery1animals/index.htm


Panel of lions
Panel of Lions holds what may be an incised bison horn.


Walking horse chauvet
Walking Horse, Chauvet holds what may be an incised bison horn.


Rhinos chauvet
Rhinos, Chauvet holds what may be an incised bison horn.


  • During their first explorations, the discoverers recognized two footprints that they identified as human: that of the left foot of a child, and a dynamic trace of the same.

  • These prints mark the beginning of a genuine trail leading from the back of the Gallery of Crosshatches to the entrance of the Chamber of the Skull.

  • Around this trail, we can observe more ancient traces of trampling by bears and the trail of a wolf.


Culture
Culture two footprints that they identified as human: that of the left foot of a child, and a dynamic trace of the same.

  • The multiple burial from central Europe on right is 26,000 years old. The individual in the center of the burial had spinal scoliosis, an asymmetrical skull, and an under-developed right leg.

  • The male on the left has a stake driven into his hip; a larger male on the far right lies face down.



Dolni vistonice
Dolni Vistonice found at Predmosti in central Europe.

  • Gravettian site dated to about 25,000 years ago

  • The site is located on a ridge overlooking the Dyej River, Czech Republic

    • 200 by 500 feet

    • bones of over 100 mammoths were found in an area that measured 40 by 140 feet

    • rows of mammoth tusks formed a fence around the site

  • several houses

  • common central fire

  • material culture

    • 2,300 fired clay figurines

    • Gravettian tool assemblage

    • exotic artifacts

      • shell from Mediterranean

http://www.unc.edu/courses/pre2000fall/anth100/uppaleo.htm


Mammoth bone house
Mammoth bone house found at Predmosti in central Europe.

http://donsmaps.com/mammothcamp.html


Reconstruction
Reconstruction found at Predmosti in central Europe.


Painted mammoth skull at house entrance
Painted Mammoth Skull at house entrance found at Predmosti in central Europe.

http://donsmaps.com/mammothcamp.html


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