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Legislative Branch. CONGRESS. Congress is in charge of the Legislative Branch BICAMERAL: Made up of two houses House of Representatives - Representation is based on population Senate - Representation is equal (2 per state). Qualifications and Terms. Qualifications and Terms.

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Presentation Transcript

Congress
CONGRESS

  • Congress is in charge of the Legislative Branch

    • BICAMERAL: Made up of two houses

      • House of Representatives

        - Representation is based on population

      • Senate

        - Representation is equal (2 per state)


Qualifications and terms
Qualifications and Terms

  • Qualifications and Terms


Unit 11 w t l
Unit 11 W-T-L

  • Why are the qualifications for Senators more rigid than for the House of Representatives?


Congressional districts
Congressional Districts

  • If a state has more than one representative, district lines are drawn.

    • Determined every 10 years by the CENSUS

  • All districts must have the same number of CONSTITUENTS (voters).




Nc representatives
NC Representatives representation.

  • Senator Richard Burr

  • Senator Kay Hagan

  • Representative Virginia Foxx (District 5)

  • Representative Patrick McHenry (District 10)


Congressional leaders
Congressional Leaders representation.

  • The party with the most members is the majority party.

  • The party with the least members is the minority party.

  • Floor leaders: Chief spokesperson for their party

  • Party whip: Keeps track of voting attendance and party loyalty.


Write to learn
Write-To-Learn representation.

2. Why are representatives encouraged to vote in favor of their political party?


HOUSE representation.

OF

REPS

Majority Floor Leader: Eric Cantor

Minority Floor Leader: Nancy Pelosi

Majority Whip: Kevin McCarthy

Minority Whip:

Steny Hoyer


SENATE representation.

Majority Floor Leader: Harry Reid

Minority Floor Leader: Mitch McConnell

Majority Whip:

Richard Durbin

Minority Whip: John Cornyn


Congressional leaders continued
Congressional Leaders continued… representation.

  • Speaker of the House: Leader of the House of Representatives.

    • John Boehner (R) from OH

  • According to the constitution, the vice-president is the leader of the Senate.

    • Joseph Biden (D) from CA

  • President pro tempore: Day to day leader of the Senate.

    • Patrick Leahy (D) from VT

      • age 73, served 39 years


  • Perks
    Perks representation.

    • Franking Privilege

    • Free trips to home state

    • Great life insurance and medical benefits

    • $174,000 salary (for regular member)

      • 193,400 for Congressional Leaders

      • 223,500 for Speaker of the House


    Punishments
    Punishments representation.

    • Expulsion

      • James Traficant OH 2002

    • Censure

      • Charles Rangel NY 2010

    • Reprimand

      • Joe Wilson SC 2009


    Congressional committees
    Congressional Committees representation.

    • Discuss, research, and revise bills.

      • “Congress at work”.

      • 90% of bills die in committee

    • Standing: Permanent committees specializing in a certain area. Divided into subcommittees.

    • Select: Temporary committees formed to complete a task.

    • Joint: Members of both houses meet together.

      • pg181


    Committee membership
    Committee Membership representation.

    • Seniority system: Desirable positions are given to those members who have served the longest.

      • Majority party has the majority on all committees.


    How a bill becomes a law
    How a Bill Becomes a Law representation.

    • Where do bills come from??

      • Grassroots

      • President

      • Special interest groups (M.A.A.D.)

    • Only Senator/Representative can present


    Stepping stone project
    Stepping Stone Project representation.


    Stepping stones
    Stepping Stones representation.

    • You are assigned a step in the process of how a bill becomes a law

    • Create a stepping stone that has a visual symbol of your step.

      • Some people may need to create several stones

    • On the back of your stone, explain how your step works in your own words


    How a bill becomes a law continued
    How a Bill Becomes a Law continued representation.

    • Step 1: Introduction

      • In the House of Reps., a bill is dropped into the “hopper” box and assigned to a committee.

      • In the Senate, a senator submits a bill to the clerk for a reading and committee assignment.


    How a bill becomes a law continued1
    How a Bill Becomes a Law continued representation.

    • Step 2: Committee Action

      • They can reject the bill immediately.

      • They can pigeonhole a bill. (Set it aside).

      • They can research and approve the bill.

      • They can change any and all aspects of a bill.

        • Can add to it:

          • Pork-barrel appropriation (“bringing home the bacon”)

          • Riders

          • Earmarks


    How a bill becomes a law continued2
    How a Bill Becomes a Law continued representation.

    • Step 3: Floor Debates

      • Representatives in the house have a time limitation.

      • Senators can filibuster a bill. (Talk it to death).

      • Cloture: Limit the time senators may talk. Requires a 3/5 vote.

    • Step 4: Voting

      • Must have a simple majority (51%) for the bill to continue

        • Otherwise it dies


    How a bill becomes a law continued3
    How a Bill Becomes a Law continued representation.

    • Step 5: Sent to other house of Congress

      • Step 6: Committee Action (again)

      • Step 7: Floor Debates (again)

      • Step 8: Voting (again)

    • Step 9: Conference Committee

      • Members of both houses meet to make a single version of a bill.

    • Step 10: Final Vote

      • Both houses must vote to approve the final draft


    How a bill becomes a law continued4
    How a Bill Becomes a Law continued representation.

    • Step 11: Presidential Action

      • Sign a bill into law. = Process is done!

      • Veto a bill (reject). = Back to Congress

      • Pocket veto: Take no action for 10 days.

        • Congress is in session after 10 days = the bill becomes a law and process is done

        • Congress is not in session after 10 days = the bill is rejected and process is done


    How a bill becomes a law continued5
    How a Bill Becomes a Law continued representation.

    • Step 12 (Sometimes)

      • If the president chooses to veto the bill, it goes back to Congress

      • They vote to decide if they want to override the veto and pass the law without the president’s approval

        • Requires a 2/3 majority to override


    Step 1 representation.

    Step 2

    Step 6

    Step 3

    Step 7

    Step 4

    Step 8

    Step 9

    Step 10

    Step 11 (?)


    School house rocks
    School House Rocks!! representation.

    • http://www.schooltube.com/video/89a42a6866404f4baab7/Im-Just-a-Bill


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