Discipline Through Careful Teacher Guidance and Instruction. Ronald Morrish www.realdiscipline.com. Mark Neves , Rochelle Reynolds, Nicole Girardin Elias. Biography.
Discipline Through Careful Teacher Guidance and Instruction
Mark Neves, Rochelle Reynolds, Nicole Girardin Elias
Ronald Morrish was a teacher and a behaviour specialist in Canada for 26 years before becoming a consultant. He has authored three books, Secrets of Discipline (1997), where he discusses 12 key ways to raising responsible children without engaging in deal making. With all Due Respect (2000) focussed on Improving teachers discipline issues and Flip Tips (2003) a mini book with discipline tips
Real Discipline teaches students right from wrong and expects students to comply with authority, then encourages them to make choices when they are mature and experienced.
Not a new theory but an organized set of techniques teachers and parents have used over the years that teaches students to be respectful, responsible and cooperative.
Many children are over indulged and very self centered, concerned with their needs. We as a society have stressed individual rights but have not focused a lot personal responsibility.
They should have choice but only when they are prepared to deal with those choices. Before they can make choices they must have a degree of compliance and respect for authority.
Discipline is a process not an event.
Discipline is about giving students the structure they need, not the consequences they seem to deserve.
Discipline isn’t about letting students make their own choices. It’s about preparing them for the choices they will be making.
Don’t let students makes choices that are not theirs to make.
The best time to teach behaviour is when it’s not needed, so it will be there when needed.
Discipline should end with the correct behaviour not with a punishment.
Training, Teaching and Managing
Training and Compliance
Compliance should be trained as a non-thinking activity, you don’t have choice.
It is taught through direct instruction and close supervision, small things count, address all behaviour.
Teach students to comply with rules, limits and authority, rules indicate how student are to behave.
Authority refers to the power that has been assigned to a certain individual. Teachers should use their authority to set limits.
Rules and Compliance
Teachers need to make the rules, teach why we have the rules
Don’t make rules you can’t enforce, be consistent, insistence is best strategy
Limits and Compliance
Limits are set by teachers, no negotiation. If limits are broken set time to discuss. Your word is final
Limits are compromised by bargaining
Authority and Compliance
Teachers fear that automatic compliance will make their students passive and submissive and unable to think for themselves.
More balance between teacher and student choice
Authority comes from knowing our job, setting limits, choice words.
Clearly communicate without threatening or raising voice this is what you must do “It is my job.”
“If you bargain for compliance now. You will beg for it later.”
Teaching the students the skills, attitudes and knowledge needed to cooperation, proper behaviour and increased responsibility.
Teach rules through explanation, demonstration, practice and corrective feedback.
A movement towards independence, students must take into account the needs of others.
As a rule of thumb if students don’t care about the outcome of a particular goal they should not be allowed choice about it.
1. Decide how you want students to behave
2. Design the supporting structure
3. Establish a threshold for behaviour at school
4. Run a two-week training camp
5. Teach students how to behave appropriately
6. Set stage for quality instruction
7. Provide active and assistive supervision
8. Enforcing rules and expectations
9. A Focus on prevention
10. Set high standards
11. Treat parents as partners
The single most important factor in classroom discipline
Focus on Positive
Wipe slate clean after mistakes
Don’t back away from discipline
Lead the way
Never use humiliation to correct behaviour
Don’t accept mediocrity
Consequences should show students how to behave properly
Compensation something positive for negative behaviour
Teach younger students
Insist on a do-over, have students repeated the behaviour in an acceptable manner, most power full tool is insistence.
It takes time and there are no short cuts
Initiating Real Discipline in the classroom
Communicate to students
Explain duties, explain their roles, project a friendly authority, introduce rules thoroughly, tell them about insistence, and direct teach.
In small groups, discuss one of the following questions. Each group will be given one specific question, but feel free to move onto others if time permits. Each group will be responsible to have someone report back to the larger group.
#1-Ronald Morrish appears to have invented his approach at a time when inclusion was not at the forefront of public education (back in the 1970's and 80's). In Building Classroom Discipline, we learn that the basic underlying message is, “This is what you must do. This is the job you are here for. Now let's get on with it”. One has to wonder if he was keeping in mind students with
#2-The school principal or administrator would have to be 100% on-board with this system.
For example, Morrish believes that the teacher always has the final word and that students have no choice but to do as the teacher instructs. While this is a very simple and sound philosophy, the school principal would have to be behind this approach so that negotiating does not occur and the teacher does not lose his or her power.
#3-This is in contradiction to Ross Greene (Ph.D) and his approach knows as “collaborative problem-solving” (or CPS for short)
Greene would argue that these are all skills that can be taught and result due to a lack of executive functioning in the brain. He believes that by teaching problem-solving skills, students will be equipped to deal with similar situations when they arise in the future and they will come to rely less and less on adult intervention. Greene believes that this is basically an invisible disability and students are not choosing to act out or be selfish.
What this means for Real Discipline is that if an adult is consistently just reminding students what the rules are and what needs to be done, the same explosive behaviour will occur again and again with no improvement.
#4-Do Morrish's “consequences” really work? What is the research on this?
Charles, C.M. (2011). Building Classroom Discipline (10thed). Toronto: Pearson.
Greene, Ross W (2008). Lost at School. New York City, USA: Simon and Schuster
Morrish, Ronald. (2000). With All Due Respect. Fonthill: Woodstream Publishing.
Morrish, Ronald. (1998). Secrets of Discipline. Fonthill: Woodstream Publishing.