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DDC number building for shelf arrangement. Julianne Beall Assistant Editor, DDC Library of Congress July 4, 2006 Vienna. Broad outline. Part 1. Elements of typical call numbers Part 2. Class numbers Part 3. Book numbers and other methods of subarrangement.

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Ddc number building for shelf arrangement

DDC number building for shelf arrangement

Julianne Beall

Assistant Editor, DDC

Library of Congress

July 4, 2006

Vienna


Broad outline

Broad outline

  • Part 1. Elements of typical call numbers

  • Part 2. Class numbers

  • Part 3. Book numbers and other methods of subarrangement


Part 1 elements of typical call numbers

Part 1. Elements of typical call numbers

  • Call number = class number + book number (or other method of alphabetic subarrangement)

  • Example:

  • 641.5972

  • .B3433


Call number

Call number

  • A set of letters, numerals or other symbols (in combination or alone) used by a library to identify a specific copy of a work. A call number consists of the class number and book number (or Cutter number).

  • It may also contain other data such as date, volume number, copy number and location symbol.


Class number

Class number

  • Notation that designates the class to which a given item belongs.

  • Example: 641.5972 Cooking characteristic of Mexico

  • Used for Rick Bayless's Mexican kitchen :capturing the vibrant flavors of a world-class cuisine


Book number

Book number

  • The part of a call number that distinguishes a specific item from other items within the same class number, also called a Cutter number. A book number is composed of letters from the author's name and numbers.

  • Example: .B3433 for Bayless, Rick

    • From OCLC Cutter Four-Figure Table


Other method of alphabetic subarrangement

Other method of alphabetic subarrangement

  • Instead of formal book numbers, many libraries prefer simple methods of alphabetic subarrangement

  • Example: Bay for Bayless, Rick


Part 2 class numbers

Part 2. Class numbers

  • Broad classification and logical abridgment

  • Building with tables (numbered auxiliary tables)

  • Building with add tables

  • Building with other add notes


Broad classification

Broad classification

  • The classification of works in broad categories by logical abridgment, even when more specific numbers are available, e.g., the use of 641.5 Cooking instead of 641.5972 Mexican cooking for a cookbook of Mexican recipes.


Logical abridgment

Logical abridgment

  • The abridged number is the same as the full number, but shorter

  • The number is abridged at a logical place


Abridged edition

Abridged edition

  • A shortened version of the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) system that is a logical truncation of the notational and structural hierarchy of the corresponding full edition on which it is based. The abridged edition is intended for general collections of 20,000 titles or less.


Segmentation marks or

Segmentation marks (/ or ‘)

  • Records from Library of Congress and Library and Archives Canada include segmentation marks in Dewey class numbers

  • These marks show end of abridged number

  • The slash (/) appears in MARC records

  • The prime mark (‘) appears in Cataloging in Publication printed in books


Example of segmentation

Example of segmentation

  • 641.5/6314

  • The abridged number (641.5) means cooking

  • The full number (641.56314) means cooking for people with diabetes

  • Never include segmentation marks in call numbers


Building with tables numbered auxiliary tables

Building with tables (numbered auxiliary tables)

  • Numbers from auxiliary tables are never used alone for shelf arrangement

  • They may, however, be used alone in a database for resource discovery

  • Today we won’t be able to cover all six auxiliary tables; we will cover the following tables:


Tables to be covered today

Tables to be covered today

  • Table 2. Geographic Areas, Historical Periods, Persons

  • Table 1. Standard Subdivisions

  • Table 3A. Subdivisions for Works by or about Individual Authors

  • Table 3B. Subdivisions for Works by or about More than One Author

  • Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups


Table 2 geographic areas historical periods persons

Table 2. Geographic Areas, Historical Periods, Persons

  • The following numbers are never used alone, but may be used as required (either directly when so noted or through the interposition of notation T1—09 from Table 1) with any number from the schedules, e.g., wages (331.29) in Japan (T2—52 in this table): 331.2952 ; railroad transportation (385) in Brazil (T2—81 in this table): 385.0981


641 593 641 599 cooking characteristic of specific continents countries localities

641.593-641.599 Cooking characteristic of specific continents, countries, localities

Add to base number 641.59 notation T2—3-T2—9 from Table 2 , e.g., Southern cooking (United States) 641.5975

T2—75     Southeastern United States (South Atlantic states)

Class here southern states

641.59+[T2—]75=641.5975


641 59 t2 436 641 59436 etc

641.59+[T2—]436=641.59436 (etc.)

  • 641.59436 Austrian cooking

  • 641.5943613Cooking of Vienna

  • 641.5944 French cooking

  • 641.59442 Cooking of Normandy

  • 641.59449 Cooking of Provence


641 59 t2 45 641 5945 etc

641.59+[T2—]45=641.5945 (etc.)

  • 641.5945 Italian cooking

  • 641.59455 Cooking of Tuscany

  • 641.59458Cooking of Sicily

  • 641.595 Asian cooking

  • 641.5951 Chinese cooking

  • 641.5952 Japanese cooking


Facet

Facet

  • Any of the various categories into which a given class may be divided, e.g., division of the class "people" into the categories of ethnicity, age, education and language spoken. Each category contains terms based on a single characteristic of division, e.g., children, adolescents and adults are characteristics of division of the "ages" category.


Facet indicator

Facet indicator

  • A digit used to introduce notation representing a characteristic of the subject. For example, "0" is often used as a facet indicator to introduce standard subdivision concepts.


Rule for logical abridgment

Rule for logical abridgment

  • Never abridge a number so as to leave a “0” or other facet indicator at the end, in the part following the decimal point

  • Dewey numbers may end with “0” before the decimal point

  • Examples:630 is O.K.

  • 630.90 is not O.K.

  • 630.9 is O.K.


Table 1 standard subdivisions

Table 1. Standard Subdivisions

  • The following notation is never used alone, but may be used as required with any regular schedule number, e.g., workbooks (T1—076 in this table) in arithmetic (513): 513.076. When adding to a number from the schedules, always insert a decimal point between the third and fourth digits of the complete number


T1 09 historical geographic persons treatment

T1—09 Historical, geographic, persons treatment

  • T1—092 Persons

    Biography, autobiography, description and critical appraisal of work, diaries . . .

    Class here treatment of individuals

  • T1—093-T1—099 Treatment by specific continents, countries, localities; extraterrestrial worlds


T1 09 historical geographic persons treatment1

T1—09 Historical, geographic, persons treatment

  • T1—093-T1—099 Treatment by specific continents, countries, localities; extraterrestrial worlds

    Add to base number T1—09 notation T2—3-T2—9 from Table 2, e.g., the subject in North America T1—097, in Brazil T1—0981


630 agriculture and related technologies

630  Agriculture and related technologies

  • Standard subdivisions are added for agriculture and related technologies together, for agriculture alone

  • 630.9     Agriculture—history

  • 630.92        Agricultural workers, farmers


63 t1 09 t2 4 630 94 etc

63+[T1—]09+[T2—]4=630.94 (etc.)

  • 630.94 Agriculture—Europe

  • 630.9436  Agriculture—Austria

  • 630.94363Agriculture—Salzburg province

  • 630.944 Agriculture—France

  • 630.94438 Agriculture—Lorraine

  • 630.945Agriculture—Italy


634 9 t1 09 634 909 etc

634.9+[T1—]09=634.909 (etc.)

  • 634.9 Forestry

  • 634.909 Forestry—history

  • 634.9092 Foresters

  • 634.9094 Forestry—Europe

  • 634.909436 Forestry—Austria


Table 5 ethnic and national groups

Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups

The following numbers are never used alone, but may be used as required (either directly when so noted or through the interposition of notation T1—089 from Table 1) with any number from the schedules, e.g., civil and political rights ( 323.11 ) of Navajo Indians ( T5—9726 in this table): 323.119726 ; ceramic arts ( 738 ) of Jews ( T5—924 in this table): 738.089924 . They may also be used when so noted with numbers from other tables, e.g., notation T2—174 from Table 2


Table 5 ethnic and national groups 2

Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups (2)

Except where instructed otherwise, and unless it is redundant, add 0 to the number from this table and to the result add notation T2—1 or T2—3-T2—9 from Table 2 for area in which a group is or was located, e.g., Germans in Brazil T5—31081 , but Germans in Germany T5—31 ; Jews in Germany or Jews from Germany T5—924043


305 805 305 89 specific ethnic and national groups

305.805-305.89 Specific ethnic and national groups

Add to base number 305.8 notation T5—05-T5—9 from Table 5, e.g., comprehensive works on Jews 305.8924, Chinese 305.8951, Chinese Australians 305.8951094, Inuit 305.89712

305.8+[T5—]951+0+[T2—]94= 305.8951094


305 8 t5 31 etc

305.8+[T5—]31 (etc.)

  • 305.831Germans

  • 305.835Swiss

  • 305.836Austrians

  • 305.841French

  • 305.851Italians


305 8 t5 41 0 t2 494 305 8410494

305.8+[T5—]41+0+[T2—]494=305.8410494

  • 305.835Swiss

  • 305.836Austrians

  • 305.841French

  • 305.8410494French-speaking Swiss

  • 305.851Italians

  • 305.8510494Italian-speaking Swiss


830 1 838 subdivisions of german literature

830.1-838  Subdivisions of German literature

  • Add to base number 83 as instructed at beginning of Table 3, e.g., a collection of German literature 830.8

  • T3B—08  Collections of literary texts in more than one form

  • 83+[T3B—]08=830.8


Table 3b subdivisions for works by or about more than one author

Table 3B. Subdivisions for Works by or about More than One Author

  • T3B—08  Collections of literary texts in more than one form

  • T3B—09  History, description, critical appraisal of works in more than one form

  • 830.8 German literature—collections

  • 830.9 German literature—history and criticism


830 1 838 subdivisions of german literature1

830.1-838  Subdivisions of German literature

  • Add to base number 83 as instructed at beginning of Table 3, e.g., a collection of German literature 830.8

  • PERIOD TABLE

    . . . . .

  • 9121900-1945

  • 9141945-1990

  • 921990-


Table 3a subdivisions for works by or about individual authors

Table 3A. Subdivisions for Works by or about Individual Authors

  • T3A—1              Poetry

  • T3A—11-T3A—19      Poetry of specific periods

    Add to T3A—1 notation from the period table for the specific literature in 810-890, e.g., earliest period T3A—11; do not add standard subdivisions


83 t3a 1 912 831 912 etc

83+[T3A—]1+912=831.912 (etc.)

  • Specific literature (German) + specific form (poetry) + literary period (1900-1945) (etc.)

  • 831.912 German poetry—1900-1945

  • 831.914 German poetry—1945-1990

  • 831.92 German poetry—1990-


598 aves birds

598 *Aves (Birds)

Class here land birds, ornithology

*Add as instructed under 592-599


Add table at 592 599

Add table at 592-599


592 599 specific taxonomic groups of animals

592-599  Specific taxonomic groups of animals

Except for modifications shown under specific entries, add to each subdivision identified by * as follows:

  • 1 General topics of natural history of animals

    Add to base number 1 the numbers following 591 in 591.3-591.7, e.g., beneficial animals 163

  • 598+1+[591.]63=598.163


1 as facet indicator

“1” as facet indicator

  • In the add table at 592-599, “1” introduces the facet: General topics of natural history of animals

  • Never abridge a number built using this add table with the facet indicator “1” at the end of the number after the decimal point

  • “1” is also used as facet indicator elsewhere in life sciences (570-590) and in music (780)


598 1 591 63 598 163

598+1+[591.]63=598.163

  • 591 Specific topics in natural history of animals

  • 591.6 Miscellaneous nontaxonomic kinds of animals

  • 591.63 Beneficial animals


598 1 591 38 598 138 etc

598+1+[591.]38=598.138 (etc.)

  • 598.138 Birds—evolution

  • 598.139 Baby birds

  • 598.1468 Eggs—birds

  • 598.15 Behavior—birds

  • 598.156 Life cycle—birds

  • 598.1564 Birds' nests

  • 598.1568 Migratory birds

  • 598.176 Aquatic birds


338 4 secondary industries and services

338.4  Secondary industries and services

  • 338.47001-338.47999 Subdivisions for products and services

    Add to base number 338.47 notation 001-999, e.g., gasoline production industry 338.4766553827, tourist industry 338.4791 . . . .


338 47 004 338 47004 etc

338.47+004=338.47004 (etc.)

  • 338.47004 Computer industry

  • 338.47004678 Internet industry

  • 338.470705 Publishing industry

  • 338.47374013  Adult vocational education and training services industry


338 47 6151 338 476151 etc

338.47+6151=338.476151 (etc.)

  • 338.476151 Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) industry

  • 338.476205 Nanotechnology industry

  • 338.47621381 Electronic equipment industry

  • 338.4762382 Shipbuilding industry


338 47 624 338 47624 etc

338.47+624=338.47624 (etc.)

  • 338.47624 Construction industry

  • 338.4764794 Hotel industry

  • 338.4764795 Food services industry

  • 338.4766 Chemical industries

  • 338.476621 Fireworks industry


338 47 664853 338 47664853 etc

338.47+664853=338.47664853 (etc.)

  • 338.47664853 Frozen vegetables industry

  • 338.476649 Meat processing industry

  • 338.4766492 Beef processing industry

  • 338.4766493 Chicken (Meat) processing industry


338 47 666 338 47666 etc

338.47+666=338.47666 (etc.)

  • 338.47666 Ceramics industry

  • 338.476691 Iron industry—metallurgy

  • 338.47669142 Steel industry—metallurgy

  • 338.47674 Lumber industry

  • 338.47674142 Hardwood lumber industry

  • 338.4767483 Composite woods industry


Part 3 book numbers and other methods of subarrangement

Part 3. Book numbers and other methods of subarrangement

  • All methods of subarrangement are optional and not part of DDC proper

  • Many different methods of subarrangement are used in Dewey libraries

  • In a very few places in the DDC there are instructions for subarrangement—but they are optional


Arrange alphabetically

Arrange alphabetically

  • Rare instruction in DDC

  • Always optional

  • 006.74 Markup languages

    Arrange alphabetically by name of language, e.g., XML

  • 006.74

  • .X6


Arrange chronologically

Arrange chronologically

  • Rare instruction in DDC

  • Optional

  • 796.98 Winter Olympic games

    Arrange specific games chronologically

  • 796.98

  • 2006


Individual biographies

Individual biographies

  • Arrange alphabetically by name of biographee

  • Example: biography of forester Emile Grandjean

  • 634.9092

  • .G764


Double cuttering

Double Cuttering

  • If you use Cutter numbers to arrange alphabetically by topic (e.g., name of biographee), you may then add a second Cutter number for the author’s name.

  • As with all forms of subarrangement, double Cuttering is not part of DDC proper


Example of double cuttering

Example of double Cuttering

  • Biography of forester Emile Grandjean

  • Grandjean : man of the forests

    By Gordon S. Bowen

  • 634.9092

  • .G764B6754


Dewey cutter program

Dewey Cutter Program

  • http://www.oclc.org/dewey/support/program/default.htm

  • Free download

  • OCLC Four-Figure Cutter Tables

    • Compatible with Cutter Three-Figure Author Table

    • Compatible with Cutter-Sanborn Three-Figure Author Table


Dewey cutter program1

Dewey Cutter Program


Cutter four figure table examples

Cutter Four-Figure Table: examples

  • Sa565 (Sanders, Margaret)

  • Sch721 (Schreiber, Albert)

  • Sch723 (Schreiber, John)

  • Sch7243 (Schreiber, Nancy)

  • Sch7247 (Schreiber, Robert)

  • Sch725 (Schreiber, William)

  • St835 (Streeter, Joan)


Cutter sanborn four figure table examples

Cutter-Sanborn Four-Figure Table: examples

  • S2156 (Sanders, Margaret)

  • S3781 (Schreiber, Albert)

  • S3783 (Schreiber, John)

  • S37843 (Schreiber, Nancy)

  • S37845 (Schreiber, Robert)

  • S37847 (Schreiber, William)

  • S9154 (Streeter, Joan)


Other methods of alphabetic subarrangement

Other methods of alphabetic subarrangement

  • Many libraries use all or part of an author’s name for alphabetic subarrangement


Example of another method of alphabetic subarrangement

Example of another method of alphabetic subarrangement

Sanders

Schreiber, A

Schreiber, J

Schreiber, N

Schreiber, R

Schreiber, W

Streeter


Resources and links 1

Resources and links (1)

  • ddc-deutsch:

  • http://www.ddc-deutsch.de/

  • Dewey Cutter Program:

  • http://www.oclc.org/dewey/support/program/default.htm


Resources and links 2

Resources and links (2)

  • Comaromi, John P. Book numbers: a historical study and practical guide to their use. Littleton, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1981

  • Lehnus, Donald J. Book numbers: history, principles, and application. Chicago: American Library Association, 1980


Resources and links 3

Resources and links (3)

  • Online DDC Catalogs:

  • http://www.oclc.org/dewey/about/worldwide/default.htm


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