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CHILD HEALTH RESEARCH. Bernard Guyer Ling Shi Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Panel on “The Future Research Agenda for MCH” 2004 APHA Annual Meeting Washington DC, November 10, 2004. Objectives for Panel. What are the major data sets & sources? Will not cover

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Child health research

CHILD HEALTH RESEARCH

Bernard Guyer

Ling Shi

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Panel on “The Future Research Agenda for MCH”

2004 APHA Annual Meeting

Washington DC, November 10, 2004


Objectives for panel
Objectives for Panel

  • What are the major data sets & sources?

    • Will not cover

  • What are the current key issues?

    • Agendas from MCHB & AHRQ

  • What are the future questions?

    • Changing approach to child health research


Child health research current key issues
Child Health Research- Current Key Issues

  • Inadequate funding levels

  • Childhood divided into age groups & conditions

  • Impact of Children’s Health Study

  • MCHB & AHRQ funding strategies for child health (next slides)

    • MCHB: population focus & service delivery issues

    • AHRQ: disease focus & quality of care


Mchb strategic research issues 2004 2009
MCHB Strategic Research Issues (2004-2009)

  • Public health service systems and infrastructure at all levels, applied to MCH populations;

  • MCH services & systems of care to eliminate disparities and access barriers;

  • Services & systems to assure quality;

  • Promoting healthy development of MCH populations.

Draft: September 12, 2003


Agency for healthcare research quality current themes
Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality: current themes

  • Acute care/injuries; Asthma; ADHD

  • Chronic illness; Mental health;

  • Newborn & infant

  • Oral health; Otitis media

  • Costs, use & access to care

  • Emergency care/hospitalizations

  • Preventive Services

  • Quality of Care/ Patient Safety

  • Capacity-building

www.ahrq.gov/child


Child health research future directions
Child Health Research- Future Directions

  • Move from disease lists to population focus: multiple-determinants & life-course perspective

  • Integrative approach- social, biological, environmental, systems, etc.

  • Longitudinal research- don’t divide into age groups

  • Promote translation- research to practice


Important sources
Important sources

  • Evans & Stoddart: Multiple determinants

  • Promoting Health. IOM 2000

  • New Horizons in Health: An Integrative Approach. IOM 2003

  • Children’s Health, the Nation’s Wealth; Assessing & improving child health. IOM 2004


Multiple determinants of health
Multiple Determinants of Health

Social

Environment

Physical

Environment

Genetic

Environment

  • Individual

  • Response

  • Behavior

  • Biology

Disease

Health

and

Function

Health

Care

Well-Being

Prosperity

Source: R.G. Evans and G.L. Stoddart, Social Sci & Med (1983)


New horizons in health nrc 2001 recommendations 1 of 3
New Horizons in Health (NRC 2001) (Recommendations 1 of 3)

  • Predisease pathways- early & long-term biological, behavioral, psychological, & social precursors to disease

  • Positive health- contributors to resilience, resistance, wellness

  • Gene expression- environment interactions

  • Personal ties- how proximal social interactions influence health & disease


New horizons in health nrc 2001 recommendations 2 of 3
New Horizons in Health (NRC 2001) (Recommendations 2 of 3)

  • Healthy communities- collective properties of social & physical environment

  • Inequality- how SES hierarchy, racism, discrimination, stigma influence health

  • Population health- macro-level tends in health status & performance of health care system


New horizons in health nrc 2001 recommendations 3 of 3
New Horizons in Health (NRC 2001) (Recommendations 3 of 3)

  • Interventions- scope & effectiveness of strategies for social & behavioral change

  • Methodology- new measures & study designs for multiple determinant & life course research

  • Infrastructure- sustain long-term study populations & scientific training across disciplines



Children s health the nation s wealth 2004 definition
Children’s Health, The Nation’s Wealth (2004) definition

  • Children’s health: extent to which individual or group of children…

    • Develop and realize their potential

    • Satisfy their needs

    • Develop capacities to interact successfully with biological, physical & social environments


Children s health the nation s wealth 2004 recommendations
Children’s Health, The Nation’s Wealth (2004) Recommendations

  • HHS focus for children’s health

  • Improved measures of health status

  • Improved national surveys

  • Monitor the origins & development of health disparities

  • Collection, geocoding & linkage of local-level data to environmental exposures


Children s health the nation s wealth 2004 recommendations1
Children’s Health, The Nation’s Wealth (2004) Recommendations

  • Focus training & research on emerging:

    • Interactions among “range of influences”

    • Biopsychosocial pathways of development

    • Measures of function & health potential

    • Exposures to environment

    • Health disparities

    • Longitudinal methods

    • Integrative measures of children’s health

    • Trajectories for domains of children’s health



Translation of research to practice
Translation of Research to Practice Recommendations

  • Critical initial element of research strategy

  • “Public health services” research

  • Partnership between research and practice communities

  • Federal funding


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