Water quality analysis for antidegradation
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WATER QUALITY ANALYSIS for ANTIDEGRADATION. General. Antidegradation is: To maintain and protect existing water quality for High Quality (HQ) and Exceptional Value (EV) waters; and To protect designated and existing uses for all surface waters.

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WATER QUALITY ANALYSIS for ANTIDEGRADATION

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Water quality analysis for antidegradation

WATER QUALITY ANALYSIS for ANTIDEGRADATION


General

General

  • Antidegradation is:

    • To maintain and protect existing water quality for High Quality (HQ) and Exceptional Value (EV) waters; and

    • To protect designated and existing uses for all surface waters.

  • Applicants must demonstrate that all construction and post construction discharges will not degrade the physical, chemical or biological characteristics of the surface waters.


Analysis application module

Analysis & Application Module

  • Applicant must provide the appropriate level of protection for all surface water bodies.

  • Antidegradation analysis for construction activities include:

    • A site analysis and analysis of thermal impacts is required for all (IP and GP) submissions.

    • The non-discharge alternatives analysis and antidegradation best available combination of technologies (ABACT) analysis for HQ/EV waters.


Site analysis

SITE ANALYSIS

  • Background Site Factors

    • Critical step in utilizing natural site conditions to maximize the maintenance and protection of receiving waters.

    • Applicant can prevent stormwater generation and discharge at the outset in the site planning process.

    • Site assessment includes inventorying and evaluating the various natural resource systems that define each site and pose both problems and opportunities for both erosion and sediment control and post construction stormwater management.

    • This process may require field evaluation and verification of the data or additional data collection.


Site analysis1

SITE ANALYSIS

  • Site Factors InventoryExisting

    • Evaluation and documentation of existing vegetation, soils, permeability, surface flow patterns, critical site features, such as wetlands, floodplains, riparian areas, natural drainage ways, special habitat areas, special geological formations (e.g., carbonate), steep slopes, shallow depth to water table, shallow depth to bedrock, and other factors must be provided and analyzed.

    • Special value areas, including wetlands and floodplains and riparian areas, must be conserved and protected during land development.

    • Critical natural areas also include sensitive areas, such as steep slopes, shallow bedrock, high water table areas, and other constraining features should be avoided.

    • Threatened or endangered species or critical habitat or dependence issues must be adequately documented.


Site analysis2

SITE ANALYSIS

  • Site Factors Analysis

    • The site factors analysis requires a determination of the site limitations and opportunities within the site for optimal, low impact stormwater management.

    • This analysis is based on the data gathered for the background site factors and site factors inventory.

    • The intention is to evaluate and incorporate existing site features into the stormwater management design.

      • For example, applicants need to evaluate where most infiltration onsite naturally occurs, based on vegetation, types of soils and other features.


Antidegradation analysis

ANTIDEGRADATION ANALYSIS

  • 2 Steps

    • Step 1 Non-Discharge Alternatives Evaluation For Special Protection Watersheds

      • Applies to both HQ and EV waters.

      • Evaluation and of use all possible non-discharge alternatives must be met by an applicant proposing a project site generating new, additional, or increased discharges to HQ or EV waters.

      • Identify non-discharge alternative BMPs for stormwater management.

      • Applicant can utilize BMPs identified in technical guidance documents may expand this list through research and/or experience with different technologies.

      • Applicant must take into account environmental and site factors.


Antidegradation analysis1

ANTIDEGRADATION ANALYSIS

  • Antidegradation Best Available Combination of Technologies (ABACT)

    • In circumstances where a discharge is the only viable approach, the applicant must meet utilize ABACT to demonstrate that any discharge will maintain and protect the existing quality of receiving surface waters.


Non discharge alternatives

E&S

Applicant must consider

alternative siting,

minimizing the amount of disturbance,

maintaining (or installing) riparian buffer strips, and

implementing other water quality protective measures including installation of multiple or redundant BMPs

PCSM

Applicant must consider

BMPS that control the volume and rate of stormwater discharges,

alternative project site,

alternative discharge to water other than special protection.

reduce stormwater runoff generated

minimize impervious cover,

use of low impact development designs,

use of riparian buffers, and

the use of innovative stormwater BMPs that provide infiltration.

Non-Discharge Alternatives


Environmentally sound

Environmentally Sound

  • Non-discharge alternatives may not, under all circumstances, be the most environmentally sound option.

  • Environmentally sound non-discharge BMPs should take into consideration factors such as:

    • sensitivity of stream uses;

    • transitory effects on aquatic organisms;

    • need for low flow augmentation of stream flow;

    • sensitivity of groundwater uses in the area;

    • secondary impacts (including suitability of geology or site conditions);

    • management practice reliability;

    • potential for spills and management practice failures; and

    • operation and maintenance considerations.


Antidegradation best available combination of technologies abact

E&S

§102.4(b)(6) include:

special sediment basin requirements,

lining channels, collectors, and diversions with vegetation, rock, geotextile, or other non-erosive materials, &

immediate stabilization

Other ABACT BMPs

PCSM

BMPS must be used to control the volume and rate of stormwater discharges

ANTIDEGRADATION BEST AVAILABLE COMBINATION OF TECHNOLOGIES (ABACT)


Thermal impacts

THERMAL IMPACTS

  • Special attention should be given to those BMPs that minimize the potential for causing thermal impacts to receiving surface waters associated with net changes in stormwater runoff.


Social or economic justification sej

SOCIAL OR ECONOMIC JUSTIFICATION (SEJ)

  • If the applicant intends to demonstrate that a degrading discharge is necessary to accommodate important economic or social development in the area in which the waters are located, the procedure identified in Chapter 10 of the Water Quality Antidegradation Implementation Guidance, Document #391-0300-002, must be fully and accurately addressed in a separate permit application submission.


Water quality analysis for antidegradation

Q&A

Discussion


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