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Individual Interaction. Chapter 18. Interpersonal Attraction (Friends). On a sheet of paper write the name of one of your good friends (can be someone from when you were younger). On the back, write the name of another friend.

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interpersonal attraction friends
Interpersonal Attraction (Friends)
  • On a sheet of paper write the name of one of your good friends (can be someone from when you were younger).
  • On the back, write the name of another friend.
  • Under each friend write down some of their characteristics as a friend, how you became friends, what you have in common, etc.
  • Hang on to the list, we’ll come back to it.
interpersonal attraction friends1
Interpersonal Attraction (Friends)
  • Social psychology – the study of how our thoughts, feelings, perceptions, and behaviors are influenced by our interactions with others.
  • Questions social psychologists might ask:
  • Why did we choose the friends we have?
  • What attracted us them in the first place?
  • Are these friendships helpful or harmful?
anxiety and companionship
Anxiety and Companionship
  • When we are afraid/nervous, we seems to want someone there to relate to
  • Examples:
  • “Misery loves company” experiment-

Higher anxiety = more companionship

2. 2nd grade – 1st day of Student Council

comparing experiences
Comparing Experiences
  • Test Days – how many of you ask someone who has the class earlier in the day about the test? Why?
  • 1st Day of School – how many of you ask your friends what they are going to wear? Ask about certain teachers?
  • We compare experiences to know that we aren’t alone in what we are going through.
  • What if the women in the previous experiment had talked to a friend before going in?
interpersonal attraction friends2
Interpersonal Attraction (Friends)
  • How You Choose Friends
  • Proximity
  • Reward Values
  • Physical Appearance
  • Approval
  • Similarity
  • Complementarity
proximity
Proximity
  • Physical proximity – the distance of one person to another person
  • We choose friends based on location.
  • Probably most of your friends go to this high school (or went). You all (for the most part) live relatively close to each other.
  • Example – my neighborhood friends.
reward values
Reward Values
  • We make friends based on what they can do for us (is this bad?).
  • Stimulation value – ability of a person to introduce new things
  • Utility value – ability of a person to help you accomplish something
  • Ego-support value – ability of a person to provide support and encouragement
physical appearance
Physical Appearance
  • Varying degrees of physical attractiveness (Dane Cook)
  • Style of clothes/hair
  • Self-Assured/Poised vs. Insecure
approval
Approval
  • Sometimes we just need friends, and we’ll be friends with whoever will accept us.
  • How can this be a good/bad thing?
similarity
Similarity
  • Common interests – sports, religion, educational values
  • Agreement on major issues – makes for easier conversation
complementarity
Complementarity
  • You complete me.
  • Opposites attract?
  • Sometimes you have friends that on paper don’t look like you would match up, but you work.
  • One friend provides what the other lacks.
assessment
Assessment
  • Look back at your two friends that you chose that the beginning of class.
  • See what your reasons are for being friends with that person.
  • Is it based on proximity? Similarity? Both? None?
personal relationships
Personal Relationships
  • Parent – Child Relationships
  • Love Relationships
parent child relationships
PARENT – CHILD RELATIONSHIPS
  • Erik Erikson – psychologist

- believed that the relationship of parent and child at an early age influences people’s expectations about relationships with others later on in life.

  • How have your relationships with your parents influenced your relationships with other people?
parent child relationships1
PARENT – CHILD RELATIONSHIPS
  • Adolescence is usually a time when children and parents have a hard time getting along
  • Generational identity – theory that people of different ages tend to think differently about certain issues
  • What is considered rebellion in one generation is usually trendy in the next.
love relationships
Love Relationships
  • Two types of love.
  • Passionate – intense, sensual; great excitement, but yet there is the fear that it may go away at any moment (adding to the intensity)
  • Companionate – friendship, trust; more stable love because it includes commitment
greek words for love
Greek Words For Love
  • Eros – passionate, physical love
  • Ludus – love played as a game and not taken seriously
  • Storge – slow-growing love based on affection and friendship
  • Pragma – practical love
  • Mania – highly emotional love (similar to a roller coaster ride)
  • Agape – selfless, giving love
marriage
Marriage
  • The chances of being happily married are greater when you marry someone from similar background, education, religion.
  • They are also better if your parents had a good marriage, if you had a good childhood, and you have a good view on marriage as a whole.
social perception
Social Perception
  • First Impressions
  • Attribution Theory
  • Non-verbal Communication
first impressions
First Impressions
  • We tend to make initial judgments on people based on physical appearance.
  • Primacy effect – the tendency to form opinions on others based on first impressions
  • Examples-1. “Guest speaker.”2. Student from my first year.
first impressions1
First Impressions
  • What was your first impression of me?
  • Impressions I gave off in high school
  • Schema – knowledge or set of assumptions that we develop about any person or event
  • Stereotype – a set of assumptions about people in a given category based on half-truths or nontruths
attribution theory
Attribution Theory
  • A collection of principles based on our explanations of the causes of events, other people’s behaviors, and our behaviors
  • Internal/dispositional attributions- based on personal characteristics
  • External/situational – characteristics based on a given situation
  • Example at Woody’s.
attribution theory1
Attribution Theory
  • Fundamental attribution error – tendency to attribute others’ behavior to dispositional causes (internal) and discount situational factors contributing to their behavior
  • Actor-observer bias – tendency to attribute one’s own behavior to outside causes but attribute the behavior of others to internal causes
  • Self-serving bias – a tendency to claim success is due to our efforts, while failure is due to circumstances beyond our control (good or bad)
non verbal communication
Non-verbal Communication
  • Non-verbal communication – the process through which messages are conveyed using space, body language, and facial expression
  • Body language – the way you carry your body that communicates a certain message
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