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Global Opportunities. Chapter 5. In what ways does globalization create new opportunities for identity?. We have a chance to expand our identity. We can explore and create an identity based on a much broader scope of understanding.

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Global Opportunities

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Global Opportunities

Chapter 5


In what ways does globalization create new opportunities for identity?

  • We have a chance to expand our identity.

  • We can explore and create an identity based on a much broader scope of understanding.

  • The issue of this chapter is to what extent should we respond to the opportunities that globalization provides for identity?


Accommodation and integration in Urban Centres

  • Urbanization has been occurring for more than 200 years.

  • Why did it happen?

  • Industrial revolution.

  • Agricultural revolution.

  • People began to move from the rural areas into the urban areas looking for work.


  • These cities became important centers of business, industry, development, education and cultural exchange

  • When people are in contact with other people, talking happens.


  • More people than ever live in these large metropolises.

  • People often move from one area to another.

  • This allows cities to flourish at a social as well as economic level.

  • This will cause cities to become more diverse and cosmopolitan.

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  • People give their skills knowledge and labor and in return they get services that they enjoy.

  • This is only true if cities are willing to accommodate and integrate new citizens.

  • As a result, globalization has caused migration that affects even more the diversity of its citizens.


  • See map on page 94


Accommodation

  • Local governments will try to accommodate and integrate new residents.

  • Example page 94

  • By accommodating new immigrants, MISA helps people prepare quickly and effectively to become fully participating members of society.

  • When this occurs, integration often follows.


Integration

  • Because of globalization, integration can create opportunities both for the new society and the immigrant.

  • Some scientists say that as migration increases societies become more aware of the opportunities that can occur because of the different peoples.


  • People need diversity in order to be exposed to new perspectives.

  • Perspectives can be enriched as well.

  • Very few immigrants leave their country because they don’t like the culture.

  • Pluralism allows people to expand their identities while retaining their heritage.


Acculturation

  • Immigration is only one factor that increases the influence of other cultures.

  • People are exposed to different cultures which can change groups.

  • People will adopt certain features if they believe it will help them thrive in society.


  • This process is called acculturation.

  • It occurs when people adapt to a new culture at a speed and extent that they want.

  • This may lead to assimilation

  • Read page 98 on Susan Aglukark.


  • Read page 96-97 and London Bridges the Racial Divide.


Acculturation in the Andes

  • Acculturation does not only happen to immigrants.

  • People who have lived in an area for a long time may decide to new ways of life.

  • Indigenous people will often use global business and tourism to prosper.


  • What are cooperatives?

  • See page 98

  • In the Andes these cooperatives allow the women to add to the household income.

  • Women will work together in order to succeed.


  • Women will raise the alpacas for their wool and create ponchos, shawls and sweaters.

  • Lately they have marketed their creations to markets outside of their home towns.

  • See picture on page 99


  • How have the women in the Andes acculturated?

  • Interesting stats.

  • Page 101


Responses to Opportunities

  • How can people respond to the opportunities that globalization provides for identity?

  • Read response of Beverly McLachlin to this flood of information on page 104


Cultural Revitalization

  • This is an opportunity to celebrate identity.

  • Many groups have been challenged by globalization.

  • Some have taken advantage of it.

  • Heritage days in Edmonton


  • Read page 105 and the Inuit of Nunavut.

  • Revitalization is at work for the Inuit.

  • They now have their own territory where they can celebrate their culture.

  • The word nunavat means homeland where inukshuks are created and passed on to their children.


  • How much of another culture should you adopt?

  • Affirmation of identity.

  • Who are you?

  • Groups will affirm their identity by working out a space where language, identity and culture are protected.


  • How have the Francophones been affected and protected?

  • BNA in 1867 stated that English or French could be used in the debates and official records in Quebec.

  • Official languages Act in 1969 ensured that they


  • Bill 101 defined French as the only official language in Quebec. In 1977 it changed even how you put signs up.

  • Section 23 of the Charter of rights and Freedoms.

  • Section 23 protects language rights for French or English anywhere in Canada.

  • This allows people of either English or French background to affirm their identities.


  • How is the affirmation of Francophone identity in Canada a response to the opportunities provided by a globalization?


The Global Francophone Community

  • Affirmation allows many Canadians the opportunity to create links with other French speaking people in the world.

  • In 1970 La Francophone was created to provide these opportunities to over 175 million people.


  • It provides an opportunity for French speaking countries to have closer ties to each other.

  • Many of them are former colonies of France.

  • In Canada New Brunswick, Quebec and Canada are members.


  • La Francophone works in many areas to promote French language, culture and a sense of community in the world.

  • Read three points on page 110.

  • Here ends Unit 1

  • Complete the questions from Chapter 5.


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