Islam notes
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Islam Notes. 1.3 billion members worldwide Prayers are given on Friday at Mosques Mecca, holy city in Saudi Arabia, home to the Kaaba Stone Symbol: the star stands for knowledge and light, the crescent for progress Islam literally means “achieve peace by submitting to the will of God”.

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Islam Notes

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Islam notes

Islam Notes

  • 1.3 billion members worldwide

  • Prayers are given on Friday at Mosques

  • Mecca, holy city in Saudi Arabia, home to the Kaaba Stone

  • Symbol: the star stands for knowledge and light, the crescent for progress

  • Islam literally means “achieve peace by submitting to the will of God”


Islam continued

Islam, continued

  • Allah – Arabic word for “one God” ; is their creator and sustainer

  • Muslim – Arabic word for “one who submits to the will of God.”

  • You become this by declaring that there is no God except the one true God and Muhammad is his messenger.


Who is muhammad

Who is Muhammad?

  • Muhammad – born a noble, ancestry goes back to Abraham.

  • The Angel Gabriel appeared to Muhammad and these revelations were compiled to form the Koran.

  • Muslims don’t worship him or other prophets.

  • He was the last in a long line of prophets. (That included Adam, Noah, Abraham, David, Solomon, Moses, Jesus, then Muhammad).

  • Koran – a holy book developed from the laws given to Muhammad.


Islam major beliefs

Islam, major beliefs

  • Monotheistic

  • Believe that…

    • Jesus was a prophet, born a virgin birth, capable of miracles

    • There is a heaven and a hell

    • Salvation

    • Prayer

    • Modest dress


Islam major beliefs1

Islam, major beliefs

  • Islam outlaws:

    • Use of drugs and alcohol

    • Gambling

    • Lewd behavior

    • Racism

    • Eating pork

    • Abortion

    • Homosexuality

    • Suicide/euthanasia


Islam continued1

Islam, continued

  • Do NOT believe in the crucifixion and the resurrection!


5 pillars of faith

5 Pillars of Faith

  • Profess belief in one God, with Muhammad as his messenger

  • Pray 5x daily w/ body turned toward Mecca

  • Fast during Ramadan (holy month from sun up to sun down)

  • Give alms to the poor

  • Pilgrimage to Mecca sometime during their life.


What is a jihad

What is a Jihad?

  • Arabic word for “struggle” or striving to promote the causes of Allah.

  • Can be a day to day struggle to achieve the five pillars

    OR

  • could mean to take up arms to defend a Muslim country when Islam is attacked (holy war).


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