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Islam Notes. 1.3 billion members worldwide Prayers are given on Friday at Mosques Mecca, holy city in Saudi Arabia, home to the Kaaba Stone Symbol: the star stands for knowledge and light, the crescent for progress Islam literally means “achieve peace by submitting to the will of God”.

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islam notes
Islam Notes
  • 1.3 billion members worldwide
  • Prayers are given on Friday at Mosques
  • Mecca, holy city in Saudi Arabia, home to the Kaaba Stone
  • Symbol: the star stands for knowledge and light, the crescent for progress
  • Islam literally means “achieve peace by submitting to the will of God”
islam continued
Islam, continued
  • Allah – Arabic word for “one God” ; is their creator and sustainer
  • Muslim – Arabic word for “one who submits to the will of God.”
  • You become this by declaring that there is no God except the one true God and Muhammad is his messenger.
who is muhammad
Who is Muhammad?
  • Muhammad – born a noble, ancestry goes back to Abraham.
  • The Angel Gabriel appeared to Muhammad and these revelations were compiled to form the Koran.
  • Muslims don’t worship him or other prophets.
  • He was the last in a long line of prophets. (That included Adam, Noah, Abraham, David, Solomon, Moses, Jesus, then Muhammad).
  • Koran – a holy book developed from the laws given to Muhammad.
islam major beliefs
Islam, major beliefs
  • Monotheistic
  • Believe that…
    • Jesus was a prophet, born a virgin birth, capable of miracles
    • There is a heaven and a hell
    • Salvation
    • Prayer
    • Modest dress
islam major beliefs1
Islam, major beliefs
  • Islam outlaws:
    • Use of drugs and alcohol
    • Gambling
    • Lewd behavior
    • Racism
    • Eating pork
    • Abortion
    • Homosexuality
    • Suicide/euthanasia
islam continued1
Islam, continued
  • Do NOT believe in the crucifixion and the resurrection!
5 pillars of faith
5 Pillars of Faith
  • Profess belief in one God, with Muhammad as his messenger
  • Pray 5x daily w/ body turned toward Mecca
  • Fast during Ramadan (holy month from sun up to sun down)
  • Give alms to the poor
  • Pilgrimage to Mecca sometime during their life.
what is a jihad
What is a Jihad?
  • Arabic word for “struggle” or striving to promote the causes of Allah.
  • Can be a day to day struggle to achieve the five pillars

OR

  • could mean to take up arms to defend a Muslim country when Islam is attacked (holy war).
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