November 15 2010
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November 15, 2010. What American and Soviet actions caused the Cold War to spread around the world? Questions for you to research. Answering the Worksheet Homework: Study. Questions to Investigate:. How does the Hydrogen bomb differ from the atomic bomb?

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November 15, 2010

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November 15 2010

November 15, 2010

What American and Soviet actions caused the Cold War to spread around the world?

Questions for you to research.

Answering the Worksheet

Homework: Study


Questions to investigate

Questions to Investigate:

  • How does the Hydrogen bomb differ from the atomic bomb?

  • What was the policy of brinkmanship?

  • What covert actions did the U.S. undertake in the Middle East and Latin America?

  • What was the Warsaw Pact?

  • What happened at the Geneva Summit?

  • How did the Suez War start another war?

  • What was the Eisenhower doctrine?

  • What happened during the Hungarian uprising?

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Action reaction

Soviets

blow up atomic bomb in 1949

The U.S.

Start prosecuting spies for handing Soviets the secrets

begins working on hydrogen bomb

Action/Reaction

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How did the hydrogen bomb differ from the atomic bomb

Hydrogen (H-Bomb)

Fuses two hydrogen isotopes together

Thermonuclear power comes from atomic trigger

67 times more powerful than the atom bomb

U.S. the first to develop it (Soviets 1 year behind)

Atomic (A-Bomb)

Splits uranium atoms

How did the Hydrogen Bomb differ from the Atomic Bomb?

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What was the policy of brinkmanship

What was the policy of Brinkmanship?

  • The policy if the U.S. to go to the edge of war

  • Policy under President Eisenhower and his secretary of State (John Foster Dulles)

  • Cold War was moral crusade against communism

  • Developed nuclear weapons which led to the practice of air raids and nuclear fall out shelters

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Central intelligence agency

Central Intelligence Agency

  • Began to carry out covert operations to weaken or overthrow governments unfriendly to the U.S.

  • So, what covert actions did the U.S. undertake in the Middle East and Latin America?

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Action reaction in covert operations

Action/Reaction in Covert Operations

  • 1951 – Iran’s prime minister (Mossadegh) placed private oil industries under Iranian control

  • British stopped buying Iranian oil

    • Iranian economy began to drop

  • U.S. fears Iran will turn to Soviets

    • CIA gave millions of dollars to anti-Mossadegh supporters (pro-American Shah)

    • Shah of Iran took over and returned oil fields to Western companies

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Action reaction in covert operations1

Action/Reaction in Covert Operations

  • 1954 – CIA took actions in Guatemala

    • Eisenhower believed they favored communism

    • Guatemala had given 200,000 acres of American-owned land to peasants

    • CIA trained an army (under an exiled army officer) which invaded Guatemala

    • This army refused to defend the president who then resigned (Guzman)

    • The army’s leader became the dictator (Armas)

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What was the warsaw pact

What was the Warsaw Pact?

  • Soviet Union’s military alliance in which seven Eastern European nations joined the Soviet Union

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What happened at the geneva summit

What happened at the Geneva Summit?

  • President Eisenhower met with Soviet Leaders in Geneva, Switzerland

  • Open Skies proposal – flights over each other’s territory to prevent nuclear attacks

    • Soviet Union said no

  • Still seen as step towards peace

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Stalin died in 1953

Stalin died in 1953

  • Nikita Krushchev eventually took over

  • He believed communism would take over the world

  • He criticized Stalin for committing crimes against the Soviet people

  • Believed in friendly economic and scientific competition

  • This would make some feel that the Soviet Union was weakening

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Action reaction suez war 1955 1956

Action/Reaction: Suez War 1955-1956

  • Egypt’s head of government tried to play U.S. and Soviet Union against each other

    • Improving relations with both to get more money

  • U.S. learned this and withdrew its loans

  • Egypt nationalizes the Suez Canal (owned by France and Great Britain)

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Action reaction suez war 1955 19561

Action/Reaction: Suez War 1955-1956

  • Israeli ships not allowed to pass through the canal

    • Israel sent troops (so did Great Britain and France)

  • The three seized the Meditteranean end of the canal and the U.N. stepped in to stop the fighting

  • Egypt was able to keep the canal

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What was the eisenhower doctrine

What was the Eisenhower Doctrine?

  • Soviet’s prestige in Middle East rose due to its support in Egypt

  • Eisenhower issues warning: the U.S. would defend the Middle East against an attack by any communist country

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Action reaction the hungarian uprising 1956

Action/Reaction: The Hungarian Uprising 1956

  • Hungarians revolted against communism in 1956

  • Nagy formed new government (communist liberal)

    • Free elections

    • Denounced the Warsaw Pact

    • Demanded removal of Soviet troops

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Action reaction the hungarian uprising 19561

Action/Reaction: The Hungarian Uprising 1956

  • Soviets brought in tanks and killed thousands

  • Soviets overthrew Nagy and replaced the government with Soviet leaders

  • Nagy was executed and thousands fled Hungary

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Action reaction the hungarian uprising 19562

Action/Reaction: The Hungarian Uprising 1956

  • U.S. did nothing to help Hungary break free of Soviet control

  • Hungarians bitterly disappointed as American containment did not extend to satellite nations

  • U.N. did not help either as Soviet veto stopped them from taking action

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The space race how did sputnik affect america

The Space Race: How did Sputnik affect America?

  • 1957 - Soviets launch Sputnik – world’s first artificial satellite

  • U.S. shocked at being beaten

    • Prompt more spending on space program

    • First attempt at our own satellite was failure

    • 1958 – U.S. successfully launches own satellite

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U 2 incident 1960

U-2 Incident: 1960

  • 1955 - CIA began making high altitude flights in U-2 planes

  • Infared cameras took pictures of Soviet troop movement and missile sites

  • 1958 – Soviets became aware of such flights

  • Eisenhower wanted flights discontinued but Dulles persuaded one last flight

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U 2 incident 19601

U-2 Incident: 1960

  • Francis Gary Powers took this last flight

  • Four hours later he was shot down by Soviets

  • He was sentenced to 10 years in prison

  • At first Eisenhower denied the spying but the Soviets had evidence

  • Krushchev wanted apology and flights to stop

    • Eisenhower promised flights to stop but no apology

  • Their meeting was cancelled and this started the 1960’s with tension

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