EDP 650 Diversity Seminar Spring, 2005 Socioeconomic Factors. Lawrence W. Sherman, Ph. D. Professor, Department of Educational Psychology http://www.users.muohio.edu/shermalw. The British Scene: Late 19th to early 20th Century. cousins. Sir Francis Galton. Sir Charles Darwin. r
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EDP 650 Diversity SeminarSpring, 2005Socioeconomic Factors
Lawrence W. Sherman, Ph. D.
Professor, Department of Educational Psychology
The British Scene: Late 19th to early 20th Century
Sir Francis Galton
Sir Charles Darwin
(Pearson-Product Moment Correlation)
H. Carl Pearson
Nephew of Galton
Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient
Primary medium or index of validity.
Three important forms of Validity
Hollingshead 2 factor scale (7 education levels)
His occupations also have 7 levels from Higher Executives (1) to unskilled laborer’s (7)
Duncan’s analysis of Turner’s data
Family Background affects ambition
Ambition affects both
Lesser direct influences are:
Family background to
IQ and class values
In discussing the relationship between Family Background and School SES ratings, he notes that
“families may choose their place of residence,” but he also concedes that “by introducing
neighborhood, we may only be measuring family background more precisely.”
Turner, R. H. (1964). The Social context of ambition. San Francisco, CA: Chandler Press.
Desegregate American Schools:
“…resurgences of biological determinism correlate with episodes of political retrenchment, particularly with campaigns for reduced government spending on social programs, or at times of fear among ruling elites, when disadvantaged groups sow serious social unrest or even threaten to usurp power. What argument against social change could be more chillingly effective than the claim that established orders, with some groups on top and others at the bottom, exist as an accurate reflection of the innate unchangeable intellectual capacities of people so ranked?