CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
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CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES. CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES. What is taxonomy? Who developed the system? How does the system work? What are these groups called?. The scientific system of classifying living organisms Carolus Linneaus Organisms are grouped based on similarities between them

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CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

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Classification of species

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES


Classification of species

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • What is taxonomy?

  • Who developed the system?

  • How does the system work?

  • What are these groups called?

  • The scientific system of classifying living organisms

  • CarolusLinneaus

  • Organisms are grouped based on similarities between them

  • Taxa (singular-taxon)


Classification of species1

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • How are the taxa organized?

  • Names & order of taxa…

  • From largest group (least specific) to smallest group (most specific)

  • Domain

  • Kingdom

  • Phlyum

  • Class

  • Order

  • Family

  • Genus

  • Species


Classification of species2

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • What scientific names are used for organisms?

  • Examples:

  • Genus and species (binomial nomenclature)

  • Acer rubrum

    (maple) (red) - Red Maple

  • Felisdomesticus

    (cat) (domestic) – House cat


Classification of species circle our genus and species

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIESCircle our Genus and species


Review vocabulary before we get started

Review Vocabulary before we get started

  • Autotrophic

  • Heterotrophic

  • Decomposer

  • Multicellular

  • Unicellular

  • Aerobic environment

  • Anaerobic environment

  • Absorptive Heterotroph

  • Ingestive Heterotroph

  • Producer

  • Consumer


Classification of species3

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • Domain Bacteria contains…

  • Characteristics of Kingdom Eubacteria:

  • Kingdom Eubacteria

  • Prokaryotic

  • Have cell walls made of protein

  • May be autotrophic or heterotrophic

  • Found in all habitats except harsh ones

  • Some cause disease


Classification of species4

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • Why are members of Kingdom Eubacteria important?

  • Decomposers

  • Nitrogen fixers

  • Commercially important


Classification of species5

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • Domain Archaea contains…

  • Characteristics of Kingdom Archaebacteria…

  • Kingdom Archaebacteria

  • Prokaryotic

  • Have cell walls made of protein

  • May be autotrophic or heterotrophic

  • Live in harsh environments

  • 1st cellular organisms


Classification of species6

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • Kingdom Archaebacteria members are found in…

  • Scientists believe that Archaebacteria are …

  • Sewage treatment plants

  • Volcanic vents or hot springs

  • Long-frozen ice

  • More related to the members of Domain Eukarya than Domain Bacteria


Classification of species

  • What evidence did scientists use to determine the archaebacteriais most similar to eukaryotes?


Classification of species7

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • Domain Eukarya contains…

  • What all members have in common…

  • Kingdoms:

  • Protista

  • Fungi

  • Plantae

  • Animalia

  • They are eukaryotic


Classification of species

  • What does Eukaryote mean?

  • How will you recognize it on your test?

  • What structure are you looking for?


Classification of species8

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • Characteristics of Kingdom Protista

  • Where do they live?

  • Most unicellular, some (algae) are multicellular

  • Some autotrophic, some heterotrophic

  • Some have cell walls made of cellulose

  • Some have chloroplasts

  • Mostly in water; some in moist soil or animal bodies


Classification of species9

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • It is classified as a protist if it is not…

  • What are the most important protists?

  • A fungus, a plant or an animal

  • Phytoplankton and zooplankton


Classification of species10

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • The characteristics of Kingdom Fungi are…

  • All members are multicellular except for yeasts

  • Absorptive heterotrophs; they are decomposers

  • Have cell walls made of chitin


Classification of species11

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • The characteristics of Kingdom Plantae are…

  • All multicellular

  • All autotrophic

  • Cell walls made of cellulose

  • Have chloroplasts and a large central vacuole

  • Also called producers


Classification of species12

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • The characteristics of Kingdom Animalia are…

  • All multicellular

  • All ingestive heterotrophs

  • None have cell walls or chloroplasts

  • Also called consumers


Classification of species13

CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES

  • How were organisms first classified?

  • How are organisms classified now?

  • Grouped according to similarities in structure and environment they lived in

  • Similarities in DNA


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