Past simple tense
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Past simple tense. -Prošlo svršeno vrijeme-. Tvorba Pravilni glagoli (regular verb). Na infinitivnu osnovu glagola dodaje se nastavak - ed. open-otvoriti I open ed / əupənd/ -otvorio sam Want-željeti I want ed /wontid/ -želio sam

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Past simple tense

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Past simple tense

Past simple tense

-Prošlo svršeno vrijeme-


Tvorba pravilni glagoli regular verb

TvorbaPravilni glagoli (regular verb)

  • Na infinitivnu osnovu glagola dodaje se nastavak -ed.

    open-otvoriti I opened /əupənd/-otvorio sam

    Want-željeti I wanted /wontid/-želio sam

    Skip-skakati I skipped-skočio sam


Nepravilni glagoli

Nepravilni glagoli

  • Past simple nepravilnih glagola ne tvori se prema stalnim pravilima, već svaki glagol ima svoj oblik i uče se napamet.

    Bring-donijeti I brought /bro:t/-donio sam

    Go-ići I went /went/-išao sam

    Give-dati I gave /geiv/-dao sam

    Be-biti I /She/He/It was /woz/- bio sam

    You/We/They were /wєә/ bili smo


Odri ni oblik

Odrični oblik

  • Glagol do u prošlosti (did)+ not + infinitiv glagola.

    I did not open-nisam otvorio.

    He did not bring-nije donio.


Upitni oblik

Upitni oblik

  • Did + subjekat + infinitiv glavnog glagola

    Did you open?-Da li si otvorio?

    Did he bring?- Da li je donio?

    Did he play?- Da li je svirao?


Past simple tense quiz

Which sentence is correct?

a.Was Darren bought a car?  b.Did Darren bought a car? c. Did Darren buy a car?

2. Which sentence is correct?

 a.Who did to the store go? 

 b. Who did went to the store? c. Who went to the store?

3. Which sentence is correct?

a.Why she went home early? 

b. Why did she go home early?

c. Why did she goes home early?

4. Which sentence is correct?

 a.Where Julia and Matt ate dinner? b. Where did Julia and Matt eat dinner? c.  Where did Julia and Matt was ate dinner?

5.Which sentence is correct?

a. Who did he talk to? b.Who did he talk?  c.Who he talked to?

Past Simple Tense Quiz


Napomene uz tvorbu past simple tensa

Napomene uz tvorbu past simple tensa

Ako se glagol završava na suglasnik ispredkojeg stoji samoglasnik krajnji suglasnik ispred -ed se duplira:

plan-planned /plænd/

skip-skipped /skipt/

drag-dragged /drægd/

Krajnje -l se uvijek duplira:

level-levelled /levl/

travel-travelled /trævl/


Past simple tense

Ako se glagol završava na -y ispred kojeg stoji suglasnik -y se mijenja u i ispred -ed:worry-worriedcry-cried marry-marriedAko ispred -y stoji samoglasnik nema promjena:play-played, stay-stayed


Izgovor nastavka ed

Izgovor nastavka -ed

* Ako se glagol završava na bezvučni suglasnik (p,k,f,s,š) nastavak -ed se izgovara T:

look-looked /lukt/

skip-skipped /skipt/

laugh-laughed /la:ft/

* Ako se glalog završava na zvučan suglasnikilisamoglasnik nastavak -ed se izgovara D:

open-opened /oupnd/

close-closed /klouzd/


Past simple tense

Ako se glagol završava na T ili

D nastavak -ed se izgovara ID:

mend-mended /mendid/

wait-waited /weitid/

want-wanted /wontid/


Upotreba past simple tensa

Koristi se za radnju koja se završila u prošlosti. Upotrebljava se sa priloškim odredbama poput yesterday (juče), two weeks ago (prije dvije sedmice), itd.

There was a strong windyesterday.

Two days ago I received a card from John.

Upotreba past simple tensa


Past simple tense

* Kada se misli na neki prošli događaj iako nije prilogom označeno vrijeme dešavanja

They met in Paris.-Sreli su se u Parizu.

She left her umbrella in the train.- Ostavila je svoj kišobran u vozu.

* U zavisnoj rečenici, ako je u glavnoj rečenici past simple (slaganje vremena)

I thought he was Englishman.-Mislio sam da je Englez.

The teacher told me I talked too much.- Nastavnik mi je rekao da previše pričam.


Past simple tense

* Iza izraza kao: I wish (kamo sreće da); If only (kad bi barem); It is high time (krajnje je vrijeme); As if (kao da), koji označavaju nešto što nije ostvareno ili se ne može ostvariti:

I wish I had new car.- Volio bih da imam novi auto.

If only you were kinder to her.- Kad bih barem bio bolji prema njoj.

He behaves as if he were my chief.- On se ponaša kao da je moj šef.


Past simple tense

Potvrdni oblik Odrični oblik Upitni oblik

I called I didn't calldid I call?

you called you didn't calldid you call?

he, she, it called he, she, it didn't calldid he, she, it call?

we called we didn't calldid we call?

you calledyou didn't calldid you call?

they calledthey didn't calldid they call


Past simple tense quiz1

Past Simple Tense Quiz

1.  They (pay)peidfar too much for the car, in my opinion.

2.  Everything (seem)seemed so romantic in the moonlight.

3. We (seek) soughtsome relief from the scorching sun in the shade.

4.  While we were waiting in the queue I (tell)told her all about the accident.

5. He (teach)taughtme German.

6. The house had been on fire for half an hour when

the firemen (arrive)arrived.

7.  My grandfather (die)diedat the age of 77.

8.  The sun (shine)shone into the dusty room through a tiny hole in the wall.

9.  At first I could not put up with him but then I

really (grow) grewfond of him.


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