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GeoWall: Low-cost 3-Dimensional Display Technology for the Remote Sensing Sciences. Brian Davis, USGS/EROS Data Center Paul Morin, University of Minnesota Luc Renambot, Andrew Johnson, Jason Leigh, University of Illinois - Chicago International Workshop

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Geowall low cost 3 dimensional display technology for the remote sensing sciences

GeoWall:Low-cost 3-Dimensional Display Technologyfor the Remote Sensing Sciences

Brian Davis, USGS/EROS Data Center

Paul Morin, University of Minnesota

Luc Renambot, Andrew Johnson, Jason Leigh, University of Illinois - Chicago

International Workshop

on Earth Observation Technology and Application

Prospects for Cooperation in Earth Observation

18th Committee on Earth Observing Satellites (CEOS) Plenary Meeting and Associated Events

November 17, 2004 - Beijing, China

Topic 1: Earth Observation Technology and Plans

Session 2: Instrument and Measurement Technologies


State of the wall
State of the Wall

  • Past

  • Present

  • Future


PAST

  • CAVEs - Virtual Reality - Very Expensive

  • Dual-output (Stereo) graphics cards for PC Motherboards

  • CAVElib port to linux

  • GeoWall Consortium


Present
Present

  • Recently-developed, affordable 3D stereo visualization

  • Research collaborations initiated

  • Over 300 by Dec. 2003, current est. 500+

  • 10% of all U.S. Geology undergraduates

  • Over 15 museums

  • 20 papers and presentations at 2003 AGU, One half-day Session at 2004 AGU

  • Potential to serve satellite remote sensing


Future
Future

  • Commercial GIS Software

    ESRI ArcGIS, MDL Chime, DGI EarthVision, MMK Roma, IVS Fledermaus, VRCO VGEO, AGI Satellite Tool Kit

  • GeoWall2


Future1
Future

  • Commercial GIS Software

    ESRI ArcGIS, MDL Chime, DGI EarthVision, MMK Roma, IVS Fledermaus, VRCO VGEO, AGI Satellite Tool Kit

  • GeoWall2

  • PG2 – Personal GeoWall2

  • Stereo

    • Science Museum of Minnesota – St. Paul


Future2
Future

  • Commercial GIS Software

    ESRI ArcGIS, MDL Chime, DGI EarthVision, MMK Roma, IVS Fledermaus, VRCO VGEO, AGI Satellite Tool Kit

  • GeoWall2

  • PG2 – Personal GeoWall2

  • Stereo

    • Science Museum of Minnesota – St. Paul

    • Printed Maps


Low-End GeoWall

Stereo Printed Maps

  • Topography without contours

  • No crashing

  • Inexpensive

  • Will work next year

  • Can be used in the field


Future3
Future

  • Commercial GIS Software

    ESRI ArcGIS, MDL Chime, DGI EarthVision, MMK Roma, IVS Fledermaus, VRCO VGEO, AGI Satellite Tool Kit

  • GeoWall2

  • PG2 – Personal GeoWall2

  • Stereo

    • Science Museum of Minnesota – St. Paul

    • Printed maps

    • Passive Stereo LCDs – Interlaced pixels for an audience of one – no glasses

    • Stereo Photographs


Demonstration wall evolution
Demonstration: Wall Evolution

  • Earthquake Epicenters

  • Landsat Stereo Pairs

  • ESRI ArcScene 4-D Animation

  • Stereo Photography


Additional information
Additional Information

  • PG2 at USGS Exhibit Booth

  • Bibliography

  • Contacts

  • References

  • This PowerPoint Document at:

    http://GeoWall.org/edc/Docs/GeoWallCEOS.ppt


Bibliography
Bibliography

Research is supported in part by grants from the National Science Foundation (ANI-0225642, EAR-0219246, and EAR-0218918)

Steinwand, D., Davis, B., Weeks, N., 2003, “GeoWall: Investigations into Low-Cost Stereo Display Technologies”, USGS Open File Report 03-198

Leigh, J., Morin, P., Johnson, A., DeFanti, T., Brown, M., Sandin, D., Rack, F., Vernon, F., Orcutt, J., Davis, B., van Keken, P., Smarr, L., 2003, “GeoWall-2: a Scalable Display System for the GeoSciences”, Fall 2003 American Geophysical Union Conference, San Francisco, CA, December 8-12, 2003

Davis, B., 2004, “Virtual Reality Meets GIS: 3D on the Wall”, ArcNews, Summer 2004, Vol. 26 No.2

Davis, B., 2004, “Affordable Systems for Viewing Spatial Data in Stereo”, ArcUSer, July-September 2004

Davis, B., Morin, P., Ramstad, M., 2004, “Three-Dimensional Anaglyph of the Earth, ESRI Map Book Volume Nineteen, 2004

Leigh, J., Renambot, L., Johnson, A., Brown, M., Sandin, J., DeFanti, T., Ellisman, M., Orcutt, J., Smarr, L., Davis, B., Morin, P., Ito, E., Rack, F., 2004, “Challenges in Ultra-High-Resolution Visualization and Collaboration”, 2004, High Information Content Display Systems Symposium, Arlington, VA, September 13-14, 2004,

Krishnaprasad, N., Vishwanath, V., Venkataraman, S., Rao, A., Renambot, L., Leigh, J., Johnson, A., Davis, B., 2004, “JuxtaView – A Tool for Interactive Visualization of Large Imagery on Scalable Tiled Displays”, Cluster Computing 2004, San Diego, CA, Sep. 20-23, 2004


Contacts
Contacts

http://GeoWall.org

bdavis@usgs.gov


References
References

http://edc.usgs.gov

http://GeoWall.org

http://www.evl.uic.edu/cavern/optiputer/


Background
Background

  • USGS Research Project: Information Technologies Research Project Lead

  • Momentum from development of GeoWall Consortium

    • Geo – Geology (Geography… Geometry… Geo…)

    • Wall – One wall of a cave – descendent of CAVElib

    • 3-D Viz on the cheap

  • GeoWall Consortium - formulation without funding

    • Jason Leigh University of Illinois – Chicago (UIC), Electronic Visualization Laboratory (EVL) – Cave Technology

    • Peter van Keken, University of Michigan - Geology

    • Paul Morin, U of Minnesota – Geology Visualization, Wall Evangelist

    • Brian Davis, EROS – Data Pimp


Number of GeoWalls – 12/03

$15,000*

$6,000*

2-10 new systems a week

(*Cost of a modest system)



GeoWall Index

(With respect to Harper’s Index, as of 12/03)

Approximate number of GeoWalls:250

Number outside the US:~30

Percentage in the classroom:~75%

Percentage of non-major earth science students that see a GeoWall in the US:15-25%

Average cost of one “CAVE”:$1.5 million

Cost of the GeoWalls currently in educational service:$1.5 million

Most popular material:USGS’s Stereo LANDSAT Imagery

Data transferred from GeoWall.org:279 Gigabytes

Busiest day on GeoWall.org:300,000 hits in 8 hours on September 1, 2002 (Slashdot.org article)

Publications beginning to appear


Road shows
Road Shows

  • National Park Service Regional HQ, Omaha

  • SDSM&T

  • Sinte Gleska University

  • Missouri River Institute, USD

  • Grand Canyon National Park

  • Russell Senate Office Building

  • 03 SD Technology Summit

  • Space Days, Washington Pavilion

  • MIB (Main Interior Building), Washington, D.C.

  • USGS Headquarters (x2)

  • ESRI User Conference, San Diego, CA

  • GIS Day, EPA HQ

  • 04 DSU CECIS Symposium

  • EDC Auditorium


Notable audiences
Notable Audiences

  • Under-Secretaries of DOI

  • SD Sen. Tom Daschle

  • NASA deputy director

  • SD Governor Mike Rounds

  • CBS News

  • Federal Agency and Academic Collaborators

  • Various USGS HQ staff

  • BOR

  • Jamie Rounds, SD 2010 Initiative

  • FEMA Regional Director

  • Students

  • Teachers

  • USGS Directors

  • Ukrainian Land and Resource Management Center

  • National Wetlands Inventory Coordinator

  • National Volcano Hazards Program Coordinator

  • Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance

  • Canadian Center for Remote Sensing

  • Naval Oceanographic Office

  • Chinese Bureau of Mapping

  • NIMA

  • State-wide Lewis&Clark Meeting

  • SD Geography Bee


Development Direction Thus Far

Hardware development

  • Now stable and spun off to 4 companies

    Software development

  • “Seed” applications freely distributed

  • Encourage the support of GeoWall software by key vendors:

    ESRI ArcGIS, MDL Chime, DGI EarthVision, MMK Roma, IVS Fledermaus, VRCO VGEO, AGI Satellite Tool Kit

    Establishment of GeoWall community

  • 4th Annual GeoWall Meeting Spring – May 2004

  • Special interest groups being established

  • Museum community underway


GeoWall Museum Network

Alaska: The Imaginarium, Anchorage.

Illinois: SciTech Hands on Museum, Aurora;Discovery Center, Rockford; Lake County Discovery Museum, Wauconda; Lakeview Museum, Peoria.

Indiana: Evansville Museum of Arts and Science, Evansville; Science Central, Fort Wayne; Children’s Science and Technology Museum, Terre Haute.

Iowa: Bluedorn Science Imaginarium, Waterloo.

Texas: Don Harrington Discovery Center, Amarillo

Other Museums:

Chicago Museum of Science and Industry

Adler Planetarium, Chicago

Science Museum of Minnesota

Lowell Observatory

Texas Memorial Museum - UT Austin


Final points
Final Points

  • GeoWall is now going beyond earth sciences

  • Price can’t get much lower

  • Basic technology is ready

  • Vendors are supporting the community

  • Critical mass has been reached in the geosciences

  • Assessment is just beginning

  • Timing for feedback is excellent

  • Opportunities for collaborative research


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