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Can East Asia confront the new normal? Achieving the MDGs in a changed global setting . Vikram Nehru World Bank Sydney, June 17, 2010. East Asia…. ….and the Pacific Islands. Growth. Incomes have grown fastest in East Asia and the Pacific (GNI per capita, 1967-2008; 1967=100).

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can east asia confront the new normal achieving the mdgs in a changed global setting

Can East Asia confront the new normal?Achieving the MDGs in a changed global setting

Vikram Nehru

World Bank

Sydney, June 17, 2010

slide5

Incomes have grown fastest in East Asia and the Pacific

(GNI per capita, 1967-2008; 1967=100)

higher gdp per capita growth is associated with better mdg performance on under 5 child mortality
Higher GDP per capita growth is associated with better MDG performance on Under -5 Child Mortality

Sources: World Bank WDI

slide8
East Asia is ahead of most other developing regions in achieving the MDGs, although improvement in child mortality lags …

Source: World Bank, (2010), Global Economic Prospects.

Note: Greater than 100 percent means that the goal will be surpassed.

slide10

serious

Three concerns…………….

^

slide11

First the global………….

….and now the European financial crisis!

slide13

Rapid urbanization

Environmental damage

Vulnerability to natural disasters

and climate change…..

the global financial crisis has made achieving the mdgs more challenging
The global financial crisis has made achieving the MDGs more challenging

Source: Global Monitoring Report, World Bank, 2010

slide16

Worldwide, the crisis will leave an additional 64 million people in extreme poverty by the end of 2010…………….

…….of which 14 million will be in East Asia and the Pacific.

World Bank Global Monitoring Report, 2010

slide17

Implications for policy?

More – not less – integration!

indonesia intra urban and intra rural inequality
Indonesia: Intra-urban and intra-rural inequality

Sources: EAP Poverty Program database.

indonesia regional disparities in maternal care
Indonesia: Regional disparities in maternal care

Percent of births attended by healthcare workers, 2009

slide23

Implications for policy?

Encourage spatially blind institutions.

Unbalanced growth -- inclusive development!

slide26

450 million additional urbanites in East Asia in the next two decades ……………..

…………….. that’s one new Paris a month!

slide27

Tackling the urbanization ills of

time, grime, and crime

Land markets

Connectivity

City services

slide30

Typhoon Ondo

(Philippines)

Cyclone Nargis

(Myanmar)

slide32

Mitigation

Adaptation

Green growth

slide33

To summarize

  • Rapid green growth possible for East Asia.
  • Spatially blind policies for convergence.
  • Climate change a particular threat.
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