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Grade 9 Social Studies. What are the big ideas and topics in this book and course? (pg 2) Where can we find key terms and important information quickly in this book? How do I know what's important?. Key Terms (you need to know these). Issue Perspective Point of view Quality of life****

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Grade 9 social studies

Grade 9 Social Studies

What are the big ideas and topics in this book and course? (pg 2)

Where can we find key terms and important information quickly in this book?

How do I know what's important?


Key terms you need to know these
Key Terms (you need to know these)

Issue

Perspective

Point of view

Quality of life****

Rights

Society

Governance***

Political System***

Economic System***


Key questions
Key Questions

How does governance connect to citizenship and Identity?

How does economics connect to citizenship and identity?

What is Quality of life and what factors effect it?


Quality of life
Quality of Life

Quality of life is a measure of person and their collective well being

What are the most important factors that affect your quality of life?

Make a list of things that reflect who you are and what important to you. Then rate them, with 1 being the most important


Why are some factors more important?

How might the list be different if this discussion was taking place in another country?

How might the list of these children be different then your own?


Case study emma vs jose
Case StudyEmma vs. Jose

Who has the better quality of life?

Why do you say that?

What evidence do you have to support this?


Issues
Issues

  • How do issues affect quality of life?

    • Issues exist because people have different opinions

    • A persons opinion will affect how they respond to issues

  • What Issues are currently making headlines? what issues are your families talking about?

  • Example: Gun Control, pgs 10-11

  • Gun Control in the USA


Group work
Group Work

  • Flip through the Newspapers and find an issue that is being discussed in society

    • What is the issue?

    • Why is this an issue? What led to the controversy?

    • Does this issue effect you? Who does it effect?


Chapter 1How Effectively does Canada's federal political system govern Canada for all Canadians?


Key terms and focus questions
Key Terms and Focus Questions

Govern

Governance

Government

What is the structure of Canada’s federal political system?

How do laws become laws?

How do the media connect Canadians to their federal government?

What do lobbyists do?



The structure of canada s federal political system
The Structure of Canada’s Federal Political System

Monarch of Britain

The Executive Branch

The legislative Branch

The Judicial Branch


The executive branch
The Executive Branch

Proposes most laws

Puts laws into action

Runs day to day business of the government

Includes the Prime minister and the cabinet



Legislative branch
Legislative Branch the elected leader of a political party

  • Includes the House of commons, the senate and the governor general

  • The major law making body in the federal system

  • the house is composed of MP’s (members of parliament) who are voted in by the public. 1 MP represents one riding or district (based on population)

    • Spruce Grove MP- Rona Ambrose

  • The MP’s debate study and vote on laws

    • Ex. GST vote and debate


  • Majority vs minority government
    Majority vs. Minority Government the elected leader of a political party

    Pg 28

    Class election

    Who’s in charge depends on who has the most seats in the house

    To have a majority, 1 party needs to have more then 50% of the total number of seats.

    Minority governments typically have trouble, as they do not have the power to invoke laws easily.


    Members of parliment
    Members of the elected leader of a political partyParliment

    • MP’s have two roles

      • Represent the constituents

      • Create legislation for peace, order and good government

    • MP’s are voted in, but they don’t necessarily have to have 50% of the vote in their riding


    The senate
    The Senate the elected leader of a political party

    Members of Canada’s Senate are called Senators

    Senators are not elected, the are appointed by the Prime Minister

    Senators represent the rights and interests of Canada’s regions and minorities

    The Senate can propose laws, but they usually only consider bills, giving them a second look before passing them

    A law cannot be passed without the approval of the house of commons and the senate




    The judicial branch
    The Judicial Branch might get drowned out if the senate was not in place?

    • Includes Canada's courts of law. All members of the Judicial branch come from the legal profession

    • The Judicial Branch interprets and applies the laws

      • Acts as a check on the powers of the other branches


    Review of what we have learned
    Review of what we have learned might get drowned out if the senate was not in place?

    Quick review of the Federal Political System

    Complete Federal Political Structure Handout


    How do laws become laws
    How do laws become laws? might get drowned out if the senate was not in place?

    • Making a law is easy right?

      • PM for a day comic


    It all starts with an issue
    It all starts with an issue might get drowned out if the senate was not in place?

    Laws are created or amended in response to issues relevant to Canadians.

    Any member of the House of Commons or Senate may introduce a bill; however, the majority of bills are introduced by the Cabinet.


    The basic path of law making
    The basic path of law making: might get drowned out if the senate was not in place?


    What steps did the federal accountability act go through to be come law
    What Steps did the Federal Accountability Act go through to be come Law?

    The Federal Accountability Act- Pg 39

    Pg 40-41


    Royal assent
    Royal Assent be come Law?

    After a bill has been approved by both the House of Commons and the Senate, the Governor General gives Royal Assent and the bill officially becomes a law.


    Now you re in charge
    Now you’re in charge! be come Law?

    Can you think of an issue that effects life for Canadians? Now is your change to show how you would put a law in place to address this issue.

    Complete Lawmakers activity


    Who are the media and what do they do
    Who are the Media and what do they do? be come Law?

    • Media - the means of communication that reach or influence people widely

      Ex) internet, newspapers, radio, TV, blogs, Twitter

    • Technology has increased the speed at which news travels, therefore, the media play an increasingly important role in shaping how Canadians view issues


    Politics and the media
    Politics and the Media be come Law?

    The freedom of the press is guaranteed under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

    Over 350 news agencies report on the actions of the Canadian government as part of the Parliamentary Press Gallery

    It is important to remember that journalists make decisions about what stories to cover and whose perspectives to include.


    Political parties employ public relations specialists to help them get their desired message across.

    They often try to control information available to the media through press conferences and formal press releases.

    Media savvy politicians will often use memorable quotes or “sound-bites” to get their point across.


    Media scrums
    Media Scrums help them get their desired message across.

    A common technique by the Parliamentary Press Gallery is to surround politicians exiting sessions of parliament and bombard them with questions.


    Whoops
    Whoops…. help them get their desired message across.

    • Members of a political party are expected to “tow the party line” - to keep their comments in line with the platform of the party they represent.

    • Politicians who make comments that are out of line are often forced to apologize and can face punishment within the party, such as removal from a cabinet position or even being kicked out of the party.

      Ex) Carolyn Parrish

      • Summary of Offences

      • This Hour has 22 Minutes


    Bias help them get their desired message across.

    • Bias is an opinion bases on unchallenged assumptions

      • It is rooted in someone's point of view

    • Read the article on pg 49

      • Can you detect the bias?

      • Answer the question as a class


    What do lobbyists do
    What do Lobbyists do? help them get their desired message across.

    A lobbyist is someone who is hired to influence MP’s and government officials

    Lobbyists must be registered with the Commissioner of Lobbyists and must document which MP’s and government officials they work with

    Can you think of a group that a lobbyist might work for?


    • Examples: help them get their desired message across.

      • Smoking lobbyists

      • Oil companies

      • Gay rights

      • Aboriginal rights

      • Food safety

    • Complete Lobbyists Assignment


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