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Grade 9 Social Studies. What are the big ideas and topics in this book and course? (pg 2) Where can we find key terms and important information quickly in this book? How do I know what's important?. Key Terms (you need to know these). Issue Perspective Point of view Quality of life****

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Grade 9 Social Studies

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Grade 9 social studies

Grade 9 Social Studies

What are the big ideas and topics in this book and course? (pg 2)

Where can we find key terms and important information quickly in this book?

How do I know what's important?

Key terms you need to know these

Key Terms (you need to know these)



Point of view

Quality of life****




Political System***

Economic System***

Key questions

Key Questions

How does governance connect to citizenship and Identity?

How does economics connect to citizenship and identity?

What is Quality of life and what factors effect it?

Quality of life

Quality of Life

Quality of life is a measure of person and their collective well being

What are the most important factors that affect your quality of life?

Make a list of things that reflect who you are and what important to you. Then rate them, with 1 being the most important

Grade 9 social studies

Why are some factors more important?

How might the list be different if this discussion was taking place in another country?

How might the list of these children be different then your own?

Case study emma vs jose

Case StudyEmma vs. Jose

Who has the better quality of life?

Why do you say that?

What evidence do you have to support this?



  • How do issues affect quality of life?

    • Issues exist because people have different opinions

    • A persons opinion will affect how they respond to issues

  • What Issues are currently making headlines? what issues are your families talking about?

  • Example: Gun Control, pgs 10-11

  • Gun Control in the USA

Group work

Group Work

  • Flip through the Newspapers and find an issue that is being discussed in society

    • What is the issue?

    • Why is this an issue? What led to the controversy?

    • Does this issue effect you? Who does it effect?

Grade 9 social studies

Chapter 1How Effectively does Canada's federal political system govern Canada for all Canadians?

Key terms and focus questions

Key Terms and Focus Questions




What is the structure of Canada’s federal political system?

How do laws become laws?

How do the media connect Canadians to their federal government?

What do lobbyists do?

Grade 9 social studies

  • Read the captions for all the pictures on pg 16 and 17

    • What is the first thing you notice when comparing the pictures?

    • How is Canada governed differently today then in 1867?

The structure of canada s federal political system

The Structure of Canada’s Federal Political System

Monarch of Britain

The Executive Branch

The legislative Branch

The Judicial Branch

The executive branch

The Executive Branch

Proposes most laws

Puts laws into action

Runs day to day business of the government

Includes the Prime minister and the cabinet

Grade 9 social studies

  • The Prime Minister is the head of Canada's government and is the elected leader of a political party

  • The prime minister is also an elected MP

    • Stephen Harper- Calgary Southwest

  • The Cabinet are members of the elected political part that are given specific jobs ex. Minister of the environment

Legislative branch

Legislative Branch

  • Includes the House of commons, the senate and the governor general

  • The major law making body in the federal system

  • the house is composed of MP’s (members of parliament) who are voted in by the public. 1 MP represents one riding or district (based on population)

    • Spruce Grove MP- Rona Ambrose

  • The MP’s debate study and vote on laws

    • Ex. GST vote and debate

  • Majority vs minority government

    Majority vs. Minority Government

    Pg 28

    Class election

    Who’s in charge depends on who has the most seats in the house

    To have a majority, 1 party needs to have more then 50% of the total number of seats.

    Minority governments typically have trouble, as they do not have the power to invoke laws easily.

    Members of parliment

    Members of Parliment

    • MP’s have two roles

      • Represent the constituents

      • Create legislation for peace, order and good government

    • MP’s are voted in, but they don’t necessarily have to have 50% of the vote in their riding

    The senate

    The Senate

    Members of Canada’s Senate are called Senators

    Senators are not elected, the are appointed by the Prime Minister

    Senators represent the rights and interests of Canada’s regions and minorities

    The Senate can propose laws, but they usually only consider bills, giving them a second look before passing them

    A law cannot be passed without the approval of the house of commons and the senate

    Grade 9 social studies

    • Why is the senate important? Who’s voice and opinions might get drowned out if the senate was not in place?

      • Hint 1- think of ethnic groups

      • Hint 2- think of regions of Canada and their population

    Grade 9 social studies

    • Representation in the House vs. Representation in the Senate

      • Pg 33

    The judicial branch

    The Judicial Branch

    • Includes Canada's courts of law. All members of the Judicial branch come from the legal profession

    • The Judicial Branch interprets and applies the laws

      • Acts as a check on the powers of the other branches

    Review of what we have learned

    Review of what we have learned

    Quick review of the Federal Political System

    Complete Federal Political Structure Handout

    How do laws become laws

    How do laws become laws?

    • Making a law is easy right?

      • PM for a day comic

    It all starts with an issue

    It all starts with an issue

    Laws are created or amended in response to issues relevant to Canadians.

    Any member of the House of Commons or Senate may introduce a bill; however, the majority of bills are introduced by the Cabinet.

    The basic path of law making

    The basic path of law making:

    What steps did the federal accountability act go through to be come law

    What Steps did the Federal Accountability Act go through to be come Law?

    The Federal Accountability Act- Pg 39

    Pg 40-41

    Royal assent

    Royal Assent

    After a bill has been approved by both the House of Commons and the Senate, the Governor General gives Royal Assent and the bill officially becomes a law.

    Now you re in charge

    Now you’re in charge!

    Can you think of an issue that effects life for Canadians? Now is your change to show how you would put a law in place to address this issue.

    Complete Lawmakers activity

    Who are the media and what do they do

    Who are the Media and what do they do?

    • Media - the means of communication that reach or influence people widely

      Ex) internet, newspapers, radio, TV, blogs, Twitter

    • Technology has increased the speed at which news travels, therefore, the media play an increasingly important role in shaping how Canadians view issues

    Politics and the media

    Politics and the Media

    The freedom of the press is guaranteed under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

    Over 350 news agencies report on the actions of the Canadian government as part of the Parliamentary Press Gallery

    It is important to remember that journalists make decisions about what stories to cover and whose perspectives to include.

    Grade 9 social studies

    Political parties employ public relations specialists to help them get their desired message across.

    They often try to control information available to the media through press conferences and formal press releases.

    Media savvy politicians will often use memorable quotes or “sound-bites” to get their point across.

    Media scrums

    Media Scrums

    A common technique by the Parliamentary Press Gallery is to surround politicians exiting sessions of parliament and bombard them with questions.



    • Members of a political party are expected to “tow the party line” - to keep their comments in line with the platform of the party they represent.

    • Politicians who make comments that are out of line are often forced to apologize and can face punishment within the party, such as removal from a cabinet position or even being kicked out of the party.

      Ex) Carolyn Parrish

      • Summary of Offences

      • This Hour has 22 Minutes

    Grade 9 social studies


    • Bias is an opinion bases on unchallenged assumptions

      • It is rooted in someone's point of view

    • Read the article on pg 49

      • Can you detect the bias?

      • Answer the question as a class

    What do lobbyists do

    What do Lobbyists do?

    A lobbyist is someone who is hired to influence MP’s and government officials

    Lobbyists must be registered with the Commissioner of Lobbyists and must document which MP’s and government officials they work with

    Can you think of a group that a lobbyist might work for?

    Grade 9 social studies

    • Examples:

      • Smoking lobbyists

      • Oil companies

      • Gay rights

      • Aboriginal rights

      • Food safety

    • Complete Lobbyists Assignment

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