Employment Services for Veterans, What you Need to Know. Veteran Population. Veteran Population. 250,000 military personnel return to civilian life each year. The Unemployment rate for the population is estimated to be 7.6% This current unemployment rate for the general population is 7.9%.
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The unemployment rate for veterans with disabilities is over 41%
5.5 million veterans have a diagnosed disability
The actual unemployment rate for disabled vets is believed to be far higher. Many live on disability payments and don't seek employment, and so they are not counted in jobs numbers.
The signature disabilities of returning veterans from recent engagements in Iraq and Afghanistan are:
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Traumatic Brian Injury, and/or
As many as 30% of individuals returning from current conflicts may have PTSD (Rand Study)
Symptoms can be varying and subtle
Individuals with PTSD are 2x more likely to engage in criminal misbehavior
Individuals are 2-3x more likely to engage in domestic abuse
50% do not seek treatment
Memory and Concentration
Poor Time Management Skills
Difficulty coping with Stress
Difficulty interacting with co-workers
The 2008 Rand Study suggests that 19% of returning veterans have experienced brain injury
Brain Injury can be mild concussion to penetrating head wounds.
80% of reported military TBI are concussive brain injury as the result of IED explosions.
Memory or concentration problems
Dizziness or loss of balance
Nausea or vomiting
Sensory problems, such as blurred vision, ringing in the ears or a bad taste in the mouth
Sensitivity to light or sound
Mood changes or mood swings
Feeling depressed or anxious
Fatigue or drowsiness
Sleeping more than usual
As many as 50% of returning veterans experience depression
Most veterans do not seek treatment for Mental Health issues because of the stigma associated with treatment or fear of being diagnosed with a mental illness.
Untreated mental health conditions can lead to other debilitating problems including high rates of unemployment, homelessness, substance abuse, divorce, child abuse and suicide.
80% of military occupations have a civilian analog
For those jobs that do not, the employment specialist should take time to discover the component tasks and skills that are of value to an employer.
O*Net can help translate military experience into civilian equivalents
Military Workplace Culture
Civilian Workplace Culture
Civilian workplace is often ambiguous
Chain of command is often vague or confusing
Multiple career paths
Emphasis on individual accomplishment.
Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act. USERRA. USERRA protects the job rights of individuals who leave employment for military service. USERRA ensures that persons who serve or have served in the Armed Forces, Reserves, National Guard or other uniformed services:
Are not disadvantaged in their civilian careers because of their service;
Are promptly reemployed in their civilian jobs upon their return from duty;
Are not discriminated against in employment based on past, present, or future military service.
USERRA protects the job rights of individuals who voluntarily or involuntarily leave employment positions to perform service in the uniformed service;
USERRA affects employment, reemployment and retention in employment, when employees serve in the uniformed services. USERRA also prohibits employers from discriminating against past and present members of the uniformed services, and applicants to the uniformed services.
must hold or have applied for a civilian job.
must have given written or verbal notice to the civilian employer prior to leaving the job for military training or service except when precluded by military necessity.
must not have exceeded the 5-year cumulative limit on periods of service.
must have been released from service under conditions other than dishonorable.
must report back to the civilian job in a timely manner or submit a timely application for reemployment.
Service Connected Pension
Non-Service Connected Pension
Pension paid to wartimeveterans who have limited or no income and are age 65 or older or who are permanently and totally disabled. The disability does not have to be "service connected". This is needs based programbased on limited income. VA provides a Disability Benefits Pension Rate Table based on countable family income which is set yearly by Congress.
This is a Means tested program
Disability Pension is reduced dollar for dollar by any income that is deemed countable under the VA rules.
Veterans receiving Disability Pension are required to report all income to the VA.
Service Connected benefits are not means-tested so they are not affected by income or resources.
Neither wages nor net income from self-employment affects Disability Compensation payments in the sense that in and of themselves they would cause a reduction or “offset” in the VA payment amount.
Other forms of income (not related to employment) and assets are also not taken into consideration by the Disability Compensation program and have no impact on benefit eligibility or amount of monthly payment.
All or Nothing Criteria
Treating physician rule (deference is given to the opinion of the individuals treating physician)
Considers all impairments and gives great weight to the disability ruling of the VA
Most veterans receiving Disability Compensation (Service connected disability) can work and have no prohibitions on obtaining and/or maintaining employment.
Only those who receive a higher rating because they are considered “Unemployable” would run into problems by working. Veterans receiving Non-Service Connected Pension can also work part-time so long as their income does not exceed the income cap for the program. If they are capable of working full-time, they would not meet the 100% disabled requirement for this benefit.
Veteran with no dependents $12,256
Veteran with a spouse or a child $16,051
Housebound veteran with no dependents $14,978
Housebound veteran with one dependent $18,773
Veteran who needs aid and attendant care and you have no dependents
Veteran who needs aid and attendant care (A/A) and you have one dependent $24,239
Two Vets Married to Each Other$16,051
Add for Each Additional Child to any category above$2,093
When the disability is established as static;
When the findings and symptoms are shown by examinations and hospital reports to have persisted without material improvement for a period of 5 years or more;
Where the disability from disease is permanent in character and of such nature that there is no likelihood of improvement;
In cases of veterans over 55 years of age, except under unusual circumstances;
When the rating is a prescribed scheduled minimum rating; or
Where a combined disability evaluation would not be affected if the future examination should result in reduced evaluation for one or more conditions.
HVSEP. The Homeless Veterans Supported Employment Program is a VA Program providing rapid job development services for Veterans. This project is part of the VA’s goal to end homelessness in the Veteran population by 2015. This is a time limited program scheduled to end in September 2014.
Eligible for VHA services. (1 of 7 different projects)
Be interested in obtaining immediate competitive employment.
Sporadic work history
Unable to obtain or maintain employment long term on your own
Short term supports