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Aztec Temples. By: Mikey Bennett, Frank Villaizan, and Brian Demers. Aztec Temples were called Teocalli , God houses, by the people of the Mexican Empire. The main purpose of these structures was for praying, worshiping to the Gods, and making offerings to the Gods. .

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Aztec Temples

By: Mikey Bennett, Frank Villaizan, and Brian Demers


The main purpose of these structures was for praying, worshiping to the Gods, and making offerings to the Gods.


The Aztecs would rip the hearts out of their victims, among other means of sacrificial acts, depending on the God the offering was for.


For example, in sacrifices to the God Huitzilopochtli, the victim would be placed on a stone. A priest would then carve out his heart using an obsidian or flint blade.

The still beating heart would be raised to the sky to honor the Sun-God. The corpse would then be cremated or given to the warrior, who may choose to give the parts away or consume the remains.


People who were sacrificed to Tezcatlipoca, considered the most powerful


to the Aztecs, were generally tethered to a stone and

given a mock

Another type of sacrifice to this God involved a young man who would impersonate Tezcatlipoca for about 20 days, during the month of Toxcatl. He would be treated like a God, and even be offered women.

weapon, for example, a sword with feathers instead of obsidian. Then they would be attacked by four fully armored warriors.

At the end of the 20 days, he would offer himself to the priests in a sacrificial ceremony.


In order to have rain for their crops, the Aztecs believed in sacrificing children to Tlaloc. Before their death, the children would be forced to cry and produce tears. Sometimes, in order to make them cry, priests would rip off the child’s nails.


The Aztecs have had a major impact on today, both on architectual science and popular culture.


Their influence can be found in the Indiana Jones film, Temple of Doom. In the film, their is an evil cult that practices human sacrifice, much like the Aztecs. Both ceremonies also involve the ripping out of the heart and disposing of the body.


The Aztecs also created an agricultural calendar that used 365 days, much like the calendars we still use today.


Azteccs also used the macuahuitl, a melee weapon that used sharp obsidian rocks to tear away at the opponent. These might have inspired other weapons and maybe even the modern day bat.


Another Aztec weapon was the Tepoztopilli. This spear-like weapon was a great asset to the any warrior because its sharp blades and great reach.


The Aztecs were a rich civilization that highly regarded arts, including dance, poetry, and music.


The following item is a teponaztli, a type of Aztec slit drum. They were made from hollow logs and would often be fire-hardened


Dancing and other types of dramatic presentation were very important to the Aztecs. They would often engage in comical plays or serious dramas about their Gods. Music and acrobats could also be present during these shows. These helped convert others to their religion.


The Aztecs very often would use statues and pottery to create replicas of their Gods to worship them. The figure to the right is Coaticue, “The Mother of Gods”. She is the Aztec goddess who was believed to have given birth to the moon, stars, and Huitzilopochtli, who was discussed earlier. She is represented as a woman wearing a skirt of snakes and a necklace made out of human hearts, hands, and skulls. Most Aztec artists emphasized her deadly side because they thought Earth was a monster that consumed everything that lives.


Back to the Pyramids

The Aztecs mainly built step pyramids as temples, as opposed to the more popular image of cone shaped Egyptian pyramids.


The tallest of these step pyramids, and also the largest man made monument in the entire world, is the Great Pyramid of Cholula. This Aztec structure is 1,476 feet long and 217 feet high. On the top of the structure rests The Church of Nuestra Senora de los Remedios


Random fact!

Did you know the Aztecs sacrificed over 20,000 individuals over the course of around 200 years?!


Random Fact!

Did you know that if warriors ran out of food, they would eat their dead enemies? They would never, however, eat their own deceased comrades.


Random Fact!

Did you know that some poor Aztec families had to sell their children to make extra money? They adopted this idea from the Mayans. The child would have to be very fit because they usually had to work long hours while doing much manual labor.

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