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People of SE Asia. Chapter 25 Lesson One. SE Asia Land of Many Different People. Malayans Spread across region 1000s years ago Developed own language, beliefs, and ways of life Outside Influences Armies, merchants, and missionaries came to region

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People of se asia

People of SE Asia

Chapter 25

Lesson One


Se asia land of many different people
SE AsiaLand of Many Different People

  • Malayans

    • Spread across region 1000s years ago

    • Developed own language, beliefs, and ways of life

  • Outside Influences

    • Armies, merchants, and missionaries came to region

    • Indians, Muslims from SW Asia, Chinese, and Europeans came to region

      • Brought their language, ways of life, and religions


Se asia melting pot of world faith
SE Asia Melting Pot of World Faith

  • Indians

    • Merchants brought Sanskrit (language) to region

    • Monks brought Hinduism and Buddhism to region

      • Buddhism, mixed with Hindu ideas, had widespread influence in mainland SE Asia

      • Daily life people mainland SE Asia shaped by Buddhist values, art, and architecture


Se asia melting pot of world faith1
SE Asia Melting Pot of World Faith

  • Muslims

    • Merchants brought Arabic (language) to region

    • Merchants introduced Islam to SE Asia

      • Islam took root in Malaysia and Indonesia

      • Indonesia has world’s largest Muslim population


Se asia melting pot of world faith2
SE Asia Melting Pot of World Faith

  • Europeans

    • Brought Latin (language) to region

    • Missionaries brought Christianity to region

  • Chinese

    • Confucian ideas influenced parts of SE Asia, especially Vietnam

      • Vietnam adopted Chinese ideas about government and styles of art


Western powers and their legacies
Western Powers and their Legacies

  • European explorers reached SE Asia in 1500s

    • Spain, then United States controlled Philippines

    • French controlled Indochina

      • Today’s Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam

    • Dutch controlled East Indies

      • Today’s Indonesia

    • British controlled Myanmar, Malaysia, and Singapore


Western legacies
Western Legacies

  • Legacies

    • U.S. started public education in Philippines

    • English language is official language in Philippines

    • U.S. improved medical care

    • West introduced plantations system which important part of economy


Imperialism and its effect on se asia s economy
Imperialism and its effect on SE Asia’s Economy

  • Colonial powers set up plantations

    • Large farms specializing in one or two crops

      • Exported sugar, coffee, rubber, tea, palm oil, coconut oil

  • Local farmers grew less food crops and more export crops to pay taxes

    • Led to food shortages


Wwii and independence in se asia
WWII and Independence in SE Asia

  • Japan’s armed forces swept through region quickly and defeated U.S. and European military forces

    • Japan used victory take control of region’s raw materials

    • Japanese led government replaced Western colonialism

      • Established military governments


Wwii and independence in se asia continued
WWII and Independence in SE Asia-continued

  • SE Asian independence leaders organized against Japanese

    • Resisted any efforts to reestablish foreign rule

  • Filipinos united in opposition against Spanish, and American rule

    • Gained independence after WWII


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