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ITC Sudan Project Geoffrey T. Fong, Ph.D. Department of Psychology University of Waterloo

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ITC Sudan Project Geoffrey T. Fong, Ph.D. Department of Psychology University of Waterloo. ITC-TTURC Project Annual Meeting Portland, Oregon—March 1, 2008. Sudan—Background Information. Population = 41,236,378 Income Group = LOW Tobacco Prevalence (2005) :

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ITC Sudan Project

Geoffrey T. Fong, Ph.D.

Department of Psychology

University of Waterloo

ITC-TTURC Project Annual Meeting

Portland, Oregon—March 1, 2008

sudan background information
Sudan—Background Information

Population = 41,236,378 Income Group = LOW

Tobacco Prevalence (2005):

Adults: NO ADULT DATA AVAILABLE

Youth (From GYTS): Males 18.0%; Females 10.1%

FCTC Status: Signed Jun 10, 2004; Ratified Oct 31, 2005

FCTC Policies:

– Warning Labels: U.S.style

– Smoke Free: No law

– Ad/Promo: “Complete ban”; Enforcement = 1/10

sudan background information1
Sudan—Background Information

Population = 41,236,378 Income Group = LOW

Tobacco Prevalence (2005):

Adults: NO ADULT DATA AVAILABLE

Youth (From GYTS): Males 18.0%; Females 10.1%

FCTC Status: Signed Jun 10, 2004; Ratified Oct 31, 2005

FCTC Policies:

– Warning Labels: U.S.style

– Smoke Free: No law

– Ad/Promo: “Complete ban”; Enforcement = 1/10

– Price: $5.38/pack; 7%; Taxes = ???

why sudan
Why Sudan?
  • First country in Africa
  • Highly divergent geographical regions: North vs. South
  • Low-income country, but with an excellent research centre (with strong connections globally)
  • No information on (adult) prevalence of tobacco use
  • Interesting mix of tobacco types: cigarettes, shisha, toombak
why sudan1
Why Sudan?
  • First country in Africa
  • Highly divergent geographical regions: North vs. South
  • Low-income country, but with an excellent research centre (with strong connections globally)
  • No information on (adult) prevalence of tobacco use
  • Interesting mix of tobacco types: cigarettes, shisha, toombak
  • Women are predominant shisha smokers
  • Economic changes in Sudan: (1) greater interest from the industry in this market? (2) changes in smoking patterns over time
  • Sudan is a party to the FCTC: policies are being planned; opportunity to make direct contributions to the shape of those policies
itc sudan survey
ITC Sudan Survey

• 6 sampling areas: 5 cities and surrounding urban areas:

– Central: Khartoum

– North: Red Sea State (Port Sudan)

– East: Al Jazeera State (Wad Medani)

– West: North Kurdofan State

– South: Juba

+ Internally displaced persons camp (IDP)

  • In each area 500-600 tobacco users (cigarettes, shisha, toombak) and 200-300 non-users
  • Face-to-face interviewing; multistage cluster sampling design
  • Planned 10 minute short interview and 30-45 minute long interview; face-to-face
  • Full enumeration of households—>prevalence estimates

• 3 annual survey waves

itc sudan survey research team
ITC Sudan Survey—Research Team
  • Epilab—Dr. Asma El Sony, Director (past President of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases—recipient of the Bloomberg Initiative’s research grants program funding)
itc sudan survey funding
ITC Sudan Survey—Funding
  • Currently seeking funding: need about $140K/year
  • Asma El Sony is optimistic about possibilities for funding

– World Bank—>Sudan: $10,000 in first year

– IDRC

– DFID

– Bloomberg

itc sudan survey challenges
ITC Sudan Survey—Challenges
  • Very good team, with good record, but unclear about how the interviewing team will work with our challenging protocol: training and quality control will be critical
  • Literacy and comprehension issues with the population; need to pilot test the survey (probably multiple iterations)
  • Challenges of conducting surveys among some very poverty-stricken areas, including the IDP camps
  • Language issues (although the Sudan team members are quite fluent in English)
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