Unit 1
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Unit 1. Vocabulary: Lessons 1-5. Word Origins: Greek Roots. Many technical terms used in science and technology are formed by combining common Greek words. EXAMPLE: The term biology is a combination of bios , a Greek word meaning “life,” and logos , a Greek word meaning “the study of.”.

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Unit 1

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Unit 1

Unit 1

Vocabulary:

Lessons 1-5


Word origins greek roots

Word Origins: Greek Roots

  • Many technical terms used in science and technology are formed by combining common Greek words.

    • EXAMPLE: The term biology is a combination of bios, a Greek word meaning “life,” and logos, a Greek word meaning “the study of.”


Word origins latin roots

Word Origins: Latin Roots

  • Many English words have Latin roots.

    • EXAMPLE: Video comes from the Latin root word videre, meaning “see”.

  • For each Latin root below, provide another example of an English word.


Prefixes

Prefixes

  • A prefix added to the beginning of a base word changes the meaning of the word.

    • EXAMPLE: re- meaning “again” + the base word view = review, meaning “view again”


Unit 1

  • The following words contain prefixes. Write the meaning of each word in your notebook, and then write the word in a sentence.

    • Disapproval

    • Revisit

    • Repay

    • Preregister

    • Substandard

    • Postwar


Suffixes

Suffixes

  • A suffixadded to the end of a base word changes the meaning of the word.

    • EXAMPLE: -less, meaning “without” + the base word thought = thoughtless, meaning “without thought”

  • Sometimes you need to change the spelling of a base word when a suffix is added:


Homophones

Homophones

  • Homophones are words that have the same sound but different spellings and meanings.

    • EXAMPLE: We are allowed to stay out until midnight.

      He read the statement aloud so everyone could hear.

  • {Activity}Circle the correct homophone in each sentence that follows. Then write a sentence using the other homophone(s).

    • In the (passed, past), this place was used as a hospital.

    • That scarf would (complement, compliment) my outfit perfectly.

    • While swimming, beavers use (their, there, they’re) broad tails as rudders.


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