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Category 10d. Mosquito, House Fly and Vector Control Robert A. Restifo Vector-borne Disease Program. Mosquitoes have: Long mouth parts = Proboscis 2 wings with scales on wing veins and wing margin. Life Cycle = Egg - Larva - Pupa - Adult. Larval Habitat = Standing Water.

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Category 10d

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Category 10d

Mosquito, House Fly and Vector Control

Robert A. Restifo

Vector-borne Disease Program


Mosquitoes have: Long mouth parts = Proboscis 2 wings with scales on wing veins and wing margin


Life Cycle = Egg - Larva - Pupa - Adult


Larval Habitat = Standing Water


Mosquito-borne Diseases

  • La Crosse encephalitis = LAC

  • St. Louis encephalitis = SLE

  • West Nile encephalitis = WN

  • Eastern Equine encephalitis = EEE

  • Malaria

  • Dog Heartworm

  • Pest vs. Vector


LAC Cycle

Endemic in Ohio

About 20 cases/year

A suburban to rural disease

Fatality rate <1%

Vector is Aedes triseriatus

Breeds in containers that hold water

Sporadic cases

Mostly children


SLE and WN Cycle


Integrated Mosquito Management

  • Education

  • Surveillance

  • Source Reduction

  • Larval Control

  • Adult Control

  • Control does not mean eradication


Survey vs. Surveillance

  • Survey = Short-term

    • Determines predominant species

  • Surveillance = Long-term

    • Population dynamics

    • Disease monitoring


Source Reduction

  • Draining

  • Filling

  • Water Manipulation

  • Container Removal

  • Tire Pile Remediation by OEPA

  • Long-term, Cost Effective


Larval Control

  • Formulation = Liquids, Solids, Tossits

  • Temephos = Abate

  • Anvil


Larval Control

  • Bti

  • B. sphaericus

  • Methoprene = Altocid

  • Agnique MMF

  • Mosquito Fish = Gambusia

  • Other Predators and Parasites

    • Fish, Insects, Fungi, etc.


Repellents

  • Personal Application

    • Sprays, Sticks, Lotions

    • Use on clothing or skin

    • Use 10%-25% active ingredient

  • Area Application

    • Bombs, Smoke Pots, Coils, Citronella


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