Alternative funding model for water conservation
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Alternative funding model for water conservation. African Water Leakage Summit 7 September 2011, Midrand. Joint presenters. Thembi Mkhize Chief Director, Metsi -a- Lekoa water services unit, Emfuleni Local Municipality Andries Meyer Manager, Sustainable Water Sasol New Energy.

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Alternative funding model for water conservation

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Alternative funding model for water conservation

Alternative funding model for water conservation

African Water Leakage Summit

7 September 2011, Midrand

Joint presenters

Joint presenters

Thembi Mkhize Chief Director, Metsi-a-Lekoa water services unit, Emfuleni Local Municipality

Andries MeyerManager, Sustainable Water

Sasol New Energy

Presentation overview

Presentation overview

  • Vaal River system water availability & risks

  • Stakeholder interests

  • Vaal system analysis and water conservation targets

  • Emfuleni opportunity

  • Development partnership

  • Funding and implementation model

  • Governance structures

Southern african perspective

Southern African perspective

Integrated vaal river system

Integrated Vaal River system

Vaal system as part of Orange-Senqu

Integrated vaal river system1

Integrated Vaal River system

Return flow

To Crocodile


290 mil.m3/a





90 mil.m3/a


Komati & Usutu

transfer schemes

Rand Water

1450 mil.m3/a

Return flow

To Vaal




VRESAP pipeline

Heyshope &


transfer schemes

Vaal Barrage

Vaal River

Vaal River

Vaal River

Grootdraai Dam

350 mil.m3

Vaal Dam

2600 mil.m3


780 mil.m3/a

Katse Dam

1500 mil.m3

Tugela River








2600 mil.m3

Sasol Infrachem,


22 mil.m3/a

Mohale Dam

850 mil.m3

Polihali Dam

(430 mil.m3/a


Main risks to vaal river system

Main risks to Vaal River system

  • Unlawful irrigation: estimated volume of 222 mil.m3/a abstracted unlawfully from Vaal system

  • Acid mine drainage (quality and quantity)

  • Municipal water losses estimated at 420 mil.m3/a

Vaal system analysis and water conservation targets

Vaal system analysis and water conservation targets

15 % WCWDM target

Vaal catchment stakeholder interests 1

Vaal catchment stakeholder interests (1)

  • Department of Water Affairs

    • “Half water losses by 2014” Pres. Jacob Zuma

    • 15% Municipal water conservation targets

  • Emfuleni Local Municipality (Metsi-a-Lekoa)

    • Water Service Authority in terms of Water Services Act

    • Responsible for provision of water services to consumers in Emfuleni municipal area

    • Committed to sustainable catchment management

  • Orange-Senqu River Commission (ORASECOM)

    • River basin organisation representing interests of Lesotho, RSA, Botswana & Namibia

    • Seek WCDM PPP model that can be replicated

    • In support of SADC objectives

Vaal catchment stakeholder interests 2

Vaal catchment stakeholder interests (2)

  • GIZ Transwater SADC

    • German Agency for International Cooperation involved in trans-boundary water management projects in SADC region

    • Supports people & societies in developing countries in shaping their own future and improving living conditions

  • Sasol

    • Fuel and chemicals production facilities dependant on water supply from Vaal River system

    • Committed to sustainable catchment water management as endorser of UNGC: CEO Water Mandate

Emfuleni local municipality

Emfuleni Local Municipality

  • Fourth largest municipality in Gauteng Province

  • Main city/town areas of Vereeniging , Vanderbijlpark and peri-urban townships of Sebokeng, Evaton, Sharpeville, Boipatong, Bophelong and Tshepiso

  • Covers an area of 987 km2

  • Total population of 658 422 (Stats SA 2001)

  • Current total population estimate of 1 200 000

  • 159 811 Formal stands

  • 2 849 km of water pipelines

  • 14 Potable water reservoirs

Emfuleni water conservation successes

Emfuleniwater conservation successes

  • Largest advanced pressure control installation in the world

  • Savings of R150m over 5 year period

  • Fully implemented customer care awareness programs (e.g. education and awareness campaigns)

  • Leak repair projects conducted in:

    • Bophelong

    • Ironside/Debonairpark

    • Beverly Hills

    • Sharpeville

Emfuleni municipality water balance

Emfuleni Municipality water balance

(1)Calculated at Rand Water bulk tariff of R4.59/m3

Emfuleni residential water losses

Emfuleni residential water losses

External plumbing

Internal plumbing

Lack of awareness

Consumer behaviour

Development partnership

Development partnership

Emfuleni & GIZ/Sasol

partnership agreement (MoU)


(Private sector


Emfuleni LM


Funding from ringfencedsavings

Seed funding

Reduced risk


Savings from reduced losses








Local economic activity


Seed funding,

governance, auditing role


Development funding

Funding model

Funding model

Implementation model

Implementation model

  • Principle of Implementing Agent acting within collaborative governance structures

  • Main focus on physical water loss reduction

  • Includes awareness and education program (behaviour change)

  • Selected priority areas (Sebokeng / Evaton wards)

  • Retrofitting and repair of leaking pipes, taps, toilets, valves

  • Local skills development. Seek alignment with DWA “War on Leaks”

  • Spend bulk of funding on local providers (plumbers, materials)

  • Responsibilities and skills transfer to Emfuleni

  • Excludes revenue enhancement initiatives (done by ELM)

Role of giz sasol as implementing agent

Role of GIZ/Sasol as Implementing Agent

  • Provide seed funding and in kind contributions

  • Project management

    • Managing Contractor

  • Sustainability initiatives

    • Facilitate community education and awareness

    • Facilitate training in line with DWA “War on Leaks”

    • Transfer of project skills and responsibilities to Emfuleni

  • Provide procurement, commercial and financial systems

  • Provide for financial and project results auditing

Project governance structures

Project governance structures

Project Steering Committee

  • Providing strategic direction and high level decision making.

  • Agree on key measures of success

  • Manage and prioritise allocation of funds

  • Set milestones for handovers to Municipality

  • Set criteria for enablement training of local labour

  • Monitoring and evaluation of project

Project governance structures1

Project governance structures

Community Stakeholder Committee

  • Enlist community representation – Community Liaison Officers

  • Facilitate and advise on community desires, needs and preferences

  • Advise on selection of local labour and service providers.

  • Facilitate access to the project areas (incl. private homes)

  • Monitor the communities’ perceptions of success

    Project Management Committee

  • Responsible for detailed Project Plan and Project Budget

  • Oversee administration, management and delivery of the project

  • Liaise with Community Stakeholder Committee regarding local issues

Development partnership questions

Development partnership - Questions?

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