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A Review of Canadian Publications and Impact in the Natural Sciences and Engineering, 1996 to 2005. OST Colloquium/Colloque April 26, 2007 Barney Laciak Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Conseil de recherches en sciences naturelles et en g é nie du Canada

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a review of canadian publications and impact in the natural sciences and engineering 1996 to 2005
A Review of Canadian Publications and Impact in the Natural Sciences and Engineering, 1996 to 2005

OST Colloquium/Colloque

April 26, 2007

Barney Laciak

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Conseil de recherches en sciences naturelles et en génie du Canada

bjl@nserc.ca (613) 996-1079

canadian research in science and engineering 2005

Research by All Sectors/Fields

University Research by Field

Canadian Research in Science and Engineering, 2005

Total: $26.3 Billion

Total: $9.8 Billion

University Research in Science and Engineering by Funder

NSERC’s Reach(percentage of eligible population supported)

Total: $4.2 Billion

challenges facing bibliometrics the next ten years
Challenges Facing BibliometricsThe Next Ten Years
  • Simple and brief
  • Meaningful indicators and standardization
  • Make people care beyond the academic community
  • Attribution
slide4

Previous OST Study

NSERC-Funded Share of Canadian Publications by Discipline

1996-99 (%)

NSE

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies

slide5

Number of Canadian Publications in the NSE and World Share

Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide6

Number of Publications for Select Countries in the NSE

and World Share, 2005

Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide7

Change in World Share of NSE Publications

2005 vs. 1996

Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide9

World

Canada

Publications = 467,963

Publications = 21,086

Distribution of Publications by Field, Canada and the World, 2005

Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide11

Specialization Index in the NSE for G7 Countries

Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide13

Number of Internationally Co-authored Canadian Publications in the NSE and Share of Canadian Total

Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide16

Average Relative Impact Factor (ARIF) in the NSE, 2005

Sources: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies. Only includes countries with at least 3,000 publications in the NSE in 2005.

slide17

Average Relative Impact Factor (ARIF) in the NSE by Field for Canada, 2005

x – Canada’s ARIF rank for top 32 countries

x% - % of the ARIF value of the top country

6

91%

8

88%

9

88%

11

84%

16

84%

10

88%

15

91%

14

82%

Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide18

Canadian Specialization (SI) and Impact (ARIF) by Field, 2001-2005

0.10

Chemistry

0.08

Physics

0.06

Biomedical Research

Earth and Space Sci.

0.04

0.02

Log (ARIF)

0.00

Biology

Engineering

Mathematics

-0.02

-0.04

-0.06

-0.30

-0.20

-0.10

0.00

0.10

0.20

0.30

Log (SI)

SI = Specialization Index, ARIF = Average Relative Impact Factor.

Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide19

Canadian Specialization (SI) and Impact (ARIF) by Subfield, Biology

2001-2005

7

9

8

1. Agriculture & Food Science

2. Botany

3. Dairy & Animal Sci.

4. Ecology

5. Entomology

6. General Biology

7. General Zoology

8. Marine Biology & Hydrobiology

9. Misc. Biology

10. Misc. Zoology

4

5

10

3

2

6

1

SI = Specialization Index, ARIF = Average Relative Impact Factor. Bubble size proportional to world share of publications in the subfield. Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide20

Canadian Specialization (SI) and Impact (ARIF) by Subfield,

Biomedical Research, 2001-2005

1. Anatomy & Morphology

2. Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

3. Biomedical Engineering

4. Biophysics

5. Cellular Biology/Cytology/Histology

6. Embryology

7. General Biomedical Research

8. Genetics & Heredity

9. Microbiology

10. Microscopy

11. Misc. Biomedical Research

12. Nutrition & Dietetic

13. Parasitology

14. Physiology

15. Virology

7

1

11

12

8

5

13

10

9

4

15

2

3

14

6

SI = Specialization Index, ARIF = Average Relative Impact Factor. Bubble size proportional to world share of publications in the subfield. Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide21

Canadian Specialization (SI) and Impact (ARIF) by Subfield, Chemistry,

2001-2005

4

1. Analytical Chemistry

2. Applied Chemistry

3. General Chemistry

4. Inorganic & Nuclear Chemistry

5. Organic Chemistry

6. Physical Chemistry

7. Polymers

3

1

2

5

7

6

SI = Specialization Index, ARIF = Average Relative Impact Factor. Bubble size proportional to world share of publications in the subfield. Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide22

Canadian Specialization (SI) and Impact (ARIF) by Subfield,

Earth and Space Sciences, 2001-2005

1

6

4

1. Astronomy & Astrophysics

2. Earth & Planetary Science

3. Environmental Science

4. Geology

5. Meteorology & Atmospheric Sci.

6. Oceanography & Limnology

3

5

2

SI = Specialization Index, ARIF = Average Relative Impact Factor. Bubble size proportional to world share of publications in the subfield. Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide23

Canadian Specialization (SI) and Impact (ARIF) by Subfield, Engineering, 2001-2005

1. Aerospace Technology

2. Chemical Engineering

3. Civil Engineering

4. Computers

5. Electrical Eng. & Electronics

6. General Engineering

7. Industrial Engineering

8. Library & Information Sci.

9. Materials Science

10. Mechanical Engineering

11. Metals & Metallurgy

12. Misc. Engineering

13. Nuclear Technology

14. Operations Research

12

13

6

4

10

1

5

7

14

8

2

9

11

3

SI = Specialization Index, ARIF = Average Relative Impact Factor. Bubble size proportional to world share of publications in the subfield. Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide24

Canadian Specialization (SI) and Impact (ARIF) by Subfield,

Mathematics, 2001-2005

1. Applied Mathematics

2. General Mathematics

3. Miscellaneous Mathematics

4. Probability & Statistics

2

4

3

1

SI = Specialization Index, ARIF = Average Relative Impact Factor. Bubble size proportional to world share of publications in the subfield. Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide25

Canadian Specialization (SI) and Impact (ARIF) by Subfield, Physics

2001-2005

1. Acoustics

2. Applied Physics

3. Chemical Physics

4. Fluids & Plasmas

5. General Physics

6. Misc. Physics

7. Nuclear & Particle Physics

8. Optics

9. Solid State Physics

5

9

7

8

2

1

4

3

6

SI = Specialization Index, ARIF = Average Relative Impact Factor. Bubble size proportional to world share of publications in the subfield. Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide26

Number of Subfields in the NSE with ARIF>1 by Country, 2001-2005

Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies.

slide27

Number of Canadian Publications in the World’s Two Most

Prestigious Science Journals, Nature and Science

Source: Science Citation Index.

slide28

Science and Nature Index1, 2001-2005

1. World share of Science and Nature publications by world share of natural science publications.

Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies, Science Citation Index.

slide29

Top 10 Index1 in the NSE by Field, 2005

1. Percentage of publications in the top 10% of journals divided by percentage of world publications for the country in the field.

Source: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies

slide30

Per Capita Output of Publications in the NSE, 2005

Sources: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies, OECD, 2005 CIA World Fact Book. Only includes countries with at least 3,000 articles in the NSE in 2005.

slide31

Number of Publications in the NSE Per $B (PPP) Public R&D, 2005

Sources: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies, OECD, Public R&D = HERD + GOVERD for 2003 or most recent year. Only includes countries with at least 3,000 articles in the NSE in 2005.

slide32

Number of Publications in the NSE Per 1000 Public Researchers, 2005

Sources: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies, OECD, Public Researchers = HE + GOV researchers for 2003 or most recent year. Only includes countries with at least 3,000 articles in the NSE in 2005.

slide33

Capacity Index by Country, 2005

Sources: Observatoire des sciences et des technologies, NSERC estimates.

slide35

Indicators of Use?

  • Citations to articles in patents
  • Univerty-Industry-Government collaborative papers, Industry-Gov’t citation
  • Quality of training?
slide36

NSE Publication Footprint – Canada 2005

NSE Publications: 21,086

Rank: 7th

World Share: 4.5%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide37

NSE Publication Footprint – United States 2005

NSE Publications: 138,503

Rank: 1st

World Share: 29.6%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide38

NSE Publication Footprint – Japan 2005

NSE Publications: 44,110

Rank: 2nd

World Share: 9.4%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide39

NSE Publication Footprint – China 2005

NSE Publications: 42,117

Rank: 3rd

World Share: 9.0%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide40

NSE Publication Footprint – Germany 2005

NSE Publications: 40,803

Rank: 4th

World Share: 8.7%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide41

NSE Publication Footprint – U.K. 2005

NSE Publications: 34,974

Rank: 5th

World Share: 7.5%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide42

NSE Publication Footprint – France 2005

NSE Publications: 31,758

Rank: 6th

World Share: 6.8%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide43

NSE Publication Footprint – Italy 2005

NSE Publications: 20,854

Rank: 8th

World Share: 4.5%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide44

NSE Publication Footprint – Russia 2005

NSE Publications: 18,252

Rank: 9th

World Share: 3.9%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide45

NSE Publication Footprint – Spain 2005

NSE Publications: 17,682

Rank: 10th

World Share: 3.8%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide46

NSE Publication Footprint – South Korea 2005

NSE Publications: 15,381

Rank: 11th

World Share: 3.3%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide47

NSE Publication Footprint – Australia 2005

NSE Publications: 12,796

Rank: 13th

World Share: 2.7%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide48

NSE Publication Footprint – Netherlands 2005

NSE Publications: 10,316

Rank: 14th

World Share: 2.2%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide49

NSE Publication Footprint – Switzerland 2005

NSE Publications: 8,976

Rank: 15th

World Share: 1.9%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide50

NSE Publication Footprint – Taiwan 2005

NSE Publications: 8,836

Rank: 16th

World Share: 1.9%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide51

NSE Publication Footprint – Sweden 2005

NSE Publications: 8,290

Rank: 18th

World Share: 1.8%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide52

NSE Publication Footprint – Israel 2005

NSE Publications: 5,266

Rank: 21st

World Share: 1.1%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide53

NSE Publication Footprint – Denmark 2005

NSE Publications: 4,441

Rank: 23rd

World Share: 0.9%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

slide54

NSE Publication Footprint – Finland 2005

NSE Publications: 4,053

Rank: 26th

World Share: 0.9%

2001-05

Source: Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies and NSERC estimates. Scale is based on percentage of lead country value for each indicator except for breadth of excellence based on 65 subfields.

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