The Great Depression
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The Great Depression. The Roaring 20’s. The new concept of “credit” People were buying: Automobiles Appliances Clothes Fun times reigned Dancing Flappers Drinking. Why was this bad?. Credit system People didn’t really have the money they were spending WWI

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The Great Depression

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The roaring 20 s
The Roaring 20’s

  • The new concept of “credit”

  • People were buying:

    • Automobiles

    • Appliances

    • Clothes

  • Fun times reigned

    • Dancing

    • Flappers

    • Drinking


Why was this bad
Why was this bad?

  • Credit system

    • People didn’t really have the money they were spending

  • WWI

    • The U.S. was a major credit loaner to other nations in need

    • Many of these nations could not pay us back


The stock market
The Stock Market

  • People bought stocks on margins

    • If a stock is $100 you can pay $10 now and the rest later when the stock rose

  • Stocks fall

    • Now the person has less than $100 and no money to pay back


And then
And then….

  • With people panicking about their money investors tried to sell their stocks

    • This leads to a huge decline in stocks

    • Stocks were worthless now

  • People who bought on “margins” now could not pay

  • Investors were average people that were now broke


1929 1939
1929-1939

  • Stock market crash

  • Didn’t realize the effect it would have

  • No money to replenish what was borrowed

Many found being broke humiliating.


The great depression

President Hoover

  • Herbert Hoover was president at the start

  • Philosophy: We’ll make it!

  • What He Did: Nothing

  • The poor were looking for help and no ideas on how to correct or help were coming


The great depression

What about the people?

  • Farmers were already feeling the effects

    • Prices of crops went down

    • Many farms foreclosed

  • People could not afford luxuries

    • Factories shut down

    • Businesses went out

  • Banks could not pay out money

  • People could not pay their taxes

    • Schools shut down due to lack of funds

  • Many families became homeless and had to live in shanties





Hooverville
“Hooverville” money.

  • Some families were forced to live in shanty towns

    • A grouping of shacks and tents in vacant lots

  • They were referred to as “Hooverville” because of President Hoover’s lack of help during the depression.


The great depression

Hooverville money.


The great depression

Out of the Dust: money.

The South

and the

Dust Bowl



The south was buried
The South Was Buried crops.

  • Crops turned to dust=No food to be sent out

  • Homes buried

  • Fields blown away

  • South in state of emergency

  • Dust Bowl the #1 weather crisis of the 20th century





The great depression
*FDR* like baskets.

  • When he was inaugurated unemployment had increased by 7 million.

  • Poor sections (like Harlem) had 50% of the pop. unemployed

  • Instated the “New Deal”

  • Yea! Frankie!


The great depression


The great depression

To Kill a like baskets.

Mockingbird


Major historical happenings
Major Historical Happenings... like baskets.

  • Jim Crow Laws

  • Scottsboro Trials

  • Recovering from the Great Depression

  • Racial Injustice

  • Poor South


Jim crow laws
Jim Crow Laws like baskets.

  • After the American Civil War most states in the South passed anti-African American legislation. These became known as Jim Crow laws.

  • These laws included segregation in…

    • Schools-- Hospitals

    • Theaters-- Water fountains

    • Restaurants

    • Hotels

    • Public transportation

    • Some states forbid inter-racial marriages


The great depression


The great depression

Scottsboro Boys Trial till the late 1950’s (even then still not completely).

  • 9 young African-American men (13-20) accused of raping 2 white girls in 1931

  • Immediately sentenced to death

  • Trials went on for nearly 15 years before all the men were dismissed


The great depression

  • Started on a train bound for Memphis till the late 1950’s (even then still not completely).

  • Several white men boarded and picked a fight with the black men

  • Whites were forced off train by the 12 black men. The white men reported the the black men had raped two white girls on the train to authorities

  • They were immediately arrested and tried in front of an all-white jury.


The trials caused a huge uproar amongst the black community
The trials caused a huge uproar amongst the black community. till the late 1950’s (even then still not completely).


The great depression

Harper Lee till the late 1950’s (even then still not completely).


The great depression

  • Wrote till the late 1950’s (even then still not completely).To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960

  • Based the story on her life growing up in Monroeville, Alabama

  • TKAM was the only novel she ever wrote


The great depression


The great depression


The great depression

The End Peck.


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