The Great Depression
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The Great Depression. The Roaring 20’s. The new concept of “credit” People were buying: Automobiles Appliances Clothes Fun times reigned Dancing Flappers Drinking. Why was this bad?. Credit system People didn’t really have the money they were spending WWI

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The Great Depression

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The great depression

The Great Depression


The roaring 20 s

The Roaring 20’s

  • The new concept of “credit”

  • People were buying:

    • Automobiles

    • Appliances

    • Clothes

  • Fun times reigned

    • Dancing

    • Flappers

    • Drinking


Why was this bad

Why was this bad?

  • Credit system

    • People didn’t really have the money they were spending

  • WWI

    • The U.S. was a major credit loaner to other nations in need

    • Many of these nations could not pay us back


The stock market

The Stock Market

  • People bought stocks on margins

    • If a stock is $100 you can pay $10 now and the rest later when the stock rose

  • Stocks fall

    • Now the person has less than $100 and no money to pay back


And then

And then….

  • With people panicking about their money investors tried to sell their stocks

    • This leads to a huge decline in stocks

    • Stocks were worthless now

  • People who bought on “margins” now could not pay

  • Investors were average people that were now broke


1929 1939

1929-1939

  • Stock market crash

  • Didn’t realize the effect it would have

  • No money to replenish what was borrowed

Many found being broke humiliating.


The great depression

President Hoover

  • Herbert Hoover was president at the start

  • Philosophy: We’ll make it!

  • What He Did: Nothing

  • The poor were looking for help and no ideas on how to correct or help were coming


The great depression

What about the people?

  • Farmers were already feeling the effects

    • Prices of crops went down

    • Many farms foreclosed

  • People could not afford luxuries

    • Factories shut down

    • Businesses went out

  • Banks could not pay out money

  • People could not pay their taxes

    • Schools shut down due to lack of funds

  • Many families became homeless and had to live in shanties


Many waited in unemployment lines hoping for a job

Many waited in unemployment lines hoping for a job.


People in cities would wait in line for bread to bring to their family

People in cities would wait in line for bread to bring to their family.


Some families were forced to relocate because they had no money

Some families were forced to relocate because they had no money.


Hooverville

“Hooverville”

  • Some families were forced to live in shanty towns

    • A grouping of shacks and tents in vacant lots

  • They were referred to as “Hooverville” because of President Hoover’s lack of help during the depression.


The great depression

Hooverville


The great depression

Out of the Dust:

The South

and the

Dust Bowl


A drought in the south lead to dust storms that destroyed crops

A drought in the South lead to dust storms that destroyed crops.

“The Dust Bowl”


The south was buried

The South Was Buried

  • Crops turned to dust=No food to be sent out

  • Homes buried

  • Fields blown away

  • South in state of emergency

  • Dust Bowl the #1 weather crisis of the 20th century


Two families during the depression

Two Families During the Depression


A farm foreclosure

A Farm Foreclosure


Some families tried to make money by selling useful crafts like baskets

Some families tried to make money by selling useful crafts like baskets.


The great depression

*FDR*

  • When he was inaugurated unemployment had increased by 7 million.

  • Poor sections (like Harlem) had 50% of the pop. unemployed

  • Instated the “New Deal”

  • Yea! Frankie!


The great depression

  • People everywhere were effected by the depression

  • It wasn’t till President Roosevelt took over and tried to put the economy back together that people even saw a glimmer of hope


The great depression

To Kill a

Mockingbird


Major historical happenings

Major Historical Happenings...

  • Jim Crow Laws

  • Scottsboro Trials

  • Recovering from the Great Depression

  • Racial Injustice

  • Poor South


Jim crow laws

Jim Crow Laws

  • After the American Civil War most states in the South passed anti-African American legislation. These became known as Jim Crow laws.

  • These laws included segregation in…

    • Schools-- Hospitals

    • Theaters-- Water fountains

    • Restaurants

    • Hotels

    • Public transportation

    • Some states forbid inter-racial marriages


The great depression

  • These laws were instituted in 1896 and were not abolished till the late 1950’s (even then still not completely).


The great depression

Scottsboro Boys Trial

  • 9 young African-American men (13-20) accused of raping 2 white girls in 1931

  • Immediately sentenced to death

  • Trials went on for nearly 15 years before all the men were dismissed


The great depression

  • Started on a train bound for Memphis

  • Several white men boarded and picked a fight with the black men

  • Whites were forced off train by the 12 black men. The white men reported the the black men had raped two white girls on the train to authorities

  • They were immediately arrested and tried in front of an all-white jury.


The trials caused a huge uproar amongst the black community

The trials caused a huge uproar amongst the black community.


The great depression

Harper Lee


The great depression

  • Wrote To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960

  • Based the story on her life growing up in Monroeville, Alabama

  • TKAM was the only novel she ever wrote


The great depression

  • The character of “Dill,” Scout and Jem’s playmate in the novel was based upon Lee’s actual neighbor, Truman Capote

  • Capote is famous for amongst other things, In Cold Blood and Breakfast at Tiffany’s.

  • It has been said that he gave Lee Mockingbird as a gift.


The great depression

  • In 1962 the novel was turned into a film starring Gregory Peck.

  • It received a humanitarian award and several Academy Award nominations


The great depression

The End


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