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Menneskets evolution. Vore nærmeste slægtninge. Mitokondrie-DNA (Mt-DNA). Chimpanse -GTT-TAT-GTA-GCT-TAC-C C C-CT T -AAA-GCA-ATA-CAC-TGA-AAA-TGT-TT C -GAC- Bonobo -GTT-TAT-GTA-GCT-TAC-C C C-CTC-AAA-GCA-ATA-CAC-TGA-AAA-TGT-TT C -GAC- Homo

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Mitokondrie dna mt dna
Mitokondrie-DNA (Mt-DNA)

  • Chimpanse

  • -GTT-TAT-GTA-GCT-TAC-CCC-CTT-AAA-GCA-ATA-CAC-TGA-AAA-TGT-TTC-GAC-

  • Bonobo

  • -GTT-TAT-GTA-GCT-TAC-CCC-CTC-AAA-GCA-ATA-CAC-TGA-AAA-TGT-TTC-GAC-

  • Homo

  • -GTT-TAT-GTA-GCT-TAC-CTC-CTC-AAA-GCA-ATA-CAC-TGA-AAA-TGT-TTA-GAC-

  • Gorilla

  • -GTT-TAT-GTA-GCT-TAA-CTC-CCC-AAA-GCA-AAT-CAC-TGA-AAA-TGT-TTC-GAC-

  • Orangutang

  • -GTT-TAT-GTA-GCT-TAA-CTA-CCC-AAA-GCA-AAA-CAC-TGA-AAA-TGT-CGA-GAC-

  • Gibbon

  • -GTT-TAT-GTA-GCT-TAT-TCC-ATC-CAA-AGC-AAT-AAC-TGA-AAA-TGT-TCT-CGA-



Sl gtskab
Slægtskab

  • Vi nedstammer IKKE fra bonober

  • MEN vi har en fælles stamfar

  • Stamfaren levede for ca. 6 mill. år siden

  • På det tidspunkt fandtes hverken bonoboer eller mennesker


Menneskets stamtr
Menneskets stamtræ

Neandertalere

Homo habilis

Homo erectus

Lucy



Menneskets evolution1
Menneskets evolution

Homo Sapiens

Homo Ergaster

Australopithecus

Homo habilis

Homo erectus

Dryopithecus


Da vi blev mennesker
Da vi blev mennesker

  • http://www.becominghuman.org/

Homo floresiensis



Mt dna fra mennesket
Mt-DNA fra mennesket

  • http://www.mitomap.org/mitomap-phylogeny.pdf


Udvikling af nye arter
Udvikling af nye arter

  • Det tager tusinder af generationer at udvikle en ny art

  • Bakterier 20 min. pr. generation

  • Menneske 20 år pr. generation

  • Homo Sapiens blev udviklet for ca. 5.000 generationer siden



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